As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 31, 2020

 

Registration No. 333-

 

  

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

 

FORM S-8

 

REGISTRATION STATEMENT
UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

 

 

 

MEDICENNA THERAPEUTICS CORP. 

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

Canada Not applicable

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

   

2 Bloor St. W., 7th Floor

Toronto, Ontario

Canada

M4W 3E2
(Address of Principal Executive Offices) (Zip Code)

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. 

2017 Stock Option Plan 

(Full title of the plan)

 

C T Corporation System 

28 Liberty Street 

New York, New York 10005 

(Name and address of agent for service)

 

(212) 894-8940 

(Telephone number, including area code, of agent for service)

 

Copy to:

 

Charles-Antoine Soulière

McCarthy Tétrault LLP

500, Grande Allée Est

9e étage

Québec City, Québec G1R 2J7

Canada

Telephone: (418) 521-3028

Elizabeth Williams

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

2 Bloor St. W., 7th Floor

Toronto, Ontario M4W 3E2

Canada

Telephone: (416) 648-5555

Thomas M. Rose

Troutman Pepper Hamilton

Sanders LLP

401 9th Street, NW, Suite 1000

Washington, DC 20004

United States

Telephone: (757) 687-7715

 

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   ¨   Accelerated filer   ¨
             
Non-accelerated filer   x   Smaller reporting company   x
             
        Emerging growth company   x

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act   ¨

 

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

 

Title of securities

to be registered (1)

 

Amount to be
registered (2)
Proposed
maximum offering price per share
Proposed
maximum
aggregate offering
price
Amount of registration fee
Common Shares (no par value), subject to outstanding options 4,067,500 $1.17(3) $4,758,975.00 $617.71
Common Shares (no par value), not subject to outstanding options 3,254,739 $3.73(4) $12,140,176.47 $1,575.79
Total 7,322,239 $16,899,151.47 $2,193.50

 

(1) Common Shares (no par value) of Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. (the “Registrant”) pursuant to the Registrant’s 2017 Stock Option Plan (the “Plan”).
   
(2) Pursuant to Rule 416(a) under the United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), this registration statement also covers an indeterminate number of additional common shares that may be offered and issued to prevent dilution resulting from stock splits, stock dividends or similar transactions as provided in the Plan.
   
(3) Based on the weighted average exercise price of US$1.17 (Cdn$1.57) of options granted under the Plan outstanding as of July 30, 2020 which was converted into U.S. dollars based on the average exchange rate on July 30, 2020, as reported by the Bank of Canada, for the conversion of Canadian dollars into U.S. dollars of Cdn$1.00 equals US$0.7445.
   
(4) Calculated in accordance with Rule 457(c) and (h) based on the average of the high and low prices for the Registrant’s common shares reported on the Toronto Stock Exchange on July 30, 2020, which was Cdn$5.01 per share, or US$3.73 per share (converted into US dollars based on the average exchange rate on July 30, 2020, as reported by the Bank of Canada, for the conversion of Canadian dollars into U.S. dollars of Cdn$1.00 equals US$0.7445).

 

 

 

 

 

PART I.      INFORMATION REQUIRED IN THE SECTION 10(a) PROSPECTUS

 

Item 1. Plan Information.*

 

Item 2. Registrant Information and Employee Plan Annual Information.*

 

* The documents containing the information specified in “Item 1. Plan Information” and “Item 2. Registrant Information and Employee Plan Annual Information” of Form S-8 will be sent or given to participants, as specified by Rule 428(b)(1) under the Securities Act. Such documents are not required to be, and are not, filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) either as part of this registration statement or as a prospectus or prospectus supplement pursuant to Rule 424 under the Securities Act. These documents and the documents incorporated by reference in this registration statement pursuant to Item 3 of Part II of Form S-8, taken together, constitute a prospectus that meets the requirements of Section 10(a) of the Securities Act.

 

PART II.      INFORMATION REQUIRED IN THE REGISTRATION STATEMENT

 

Item 3. Incorporation of Documents by Reference.

 

The following documents are filed as exhibits hereto and shall be deemed to be a part hereof:

 

(a)The annual information form of the Registrant dated May 14, 2020 for the financial year ended March 31, 2020 (the “AIF”).

 

(b)The audited financial statements of the Registrant as at, and for the financial years ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, together with the notes thereto and the independent auditor’s report thereon.

 

(c)The management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations for the financial year ended March 31, 2020.

 

(d)The management information circular dated August 19, 2019 relating to the Registrant’s annual meeting of shareholders held on September 24, 2019.

 

(e)The material change report dated April 20, 2020 relating to a public offering of Common Shares.

 

(f)All other reports filed pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the United States Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), since the end of the fiscal year covered by the AIF filed herewith pursuant to (a) above.

 

(g)The description of the Registrant’s Common Shares contained in the AIF filed as an exhibit hereto pursuant to (a) above under the heading “Share Capital,” including any amendment or report filed for the purposes of updating such description.

 

In addition, unless otherwise stated herein, all documents subsequently filed with the Commission by the Registrant pursuant to Sections 13(a), 13(c), 14 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act prior to the filing of a post-effective amendment to this registration statement which indicates that all securities offered hereby have been sold or which deregisters all securities then remaining unsold, shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference in this registration statement and to be a part hereof from the date of filing of such documents. In addition, any report furnished by the Registrant on Form 6-K shall be deemed to be incorporated by reference in the registration statement if and to the extent that such report on Form 6-K so provides.

 

Any statement contained in a document incorporated or deemed to be incorporated by reference herein shall be deemed to be modified or superseded for purposes of this registration statement to the extent that a statement contained herein, or in any other subsequently filed document that also is or is deemed to be incorporated by reference herein, modifies or supersedes such statement. Any statement contained in this registration statement shall be deemed to be modified or superseded to the extent that a statement contained in a subsequently filed document which is or is deemed to be incorporated by reference herein modifies or supersedes such statement. Any statement so modified or superseded shall not be deemed, except as so modified or superseded, to constitute a part of this registration statement.

 

 

 

Item 4. Description of Securities.

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 5. Interests of Named Experts and Counsel.

 

None.

 

Item 6. Indemnification of Directors and Officers.

 

Under the Canada Business Corporations Act (the “CBCA”), the Registrant may indemnify a present or former director or officer of the Registrant or another individual who acts or acted at the Registrant’s request as a director or officer, or an individual acting in a similar capacity, of another entity, against all costs, charges and expenses, including an amount paid to settle an action or satisfy a judgment, reasonably incurred by the individual in respect of any civil, criminal, administrative, investigative or other proceeding in which the individual is involved because of that association with the Registrant or other entity. The Registrant may not indemnify such an individual unless the individual acted honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Registrant, or, as the case may be, to the best interests of the other entity for which the individual acted as a director or officer or in a similar capacity at the Registrant’s request and in the case of a criminal or administrative action or proceeding that is enforced by a monetary penalty, the individual had reasonable grounds for believing that the individual’s conduct was lawful. With approval of a court and subject to the sentence above, the Registrant may indemnify such individuals in respect of an action by or on behalf of the Registrant or other entity to procure a judgment in its favor, to which the individual is made a party because of the individual’s association with the Registrant or other entity as described above. The Registrant may advance moneys to an individual described above for the costs, charges and expenses of a proceeding described above; however, the individual shall repay the moneys if the individual does not fulfill the conditions set out above in the second sentence under this heading. The aforementioned individuals are entitled to indemnification from the Registrant in respect of all costs, charges and expenses reasonably incurred by the individual in connection with the defense of any civil, criminal, administrative, investigative or other proceeding to which the individual’s association with the Registrant or other entity as described above if the individual was not judged by the court or other competent authority to have committed any fault or omitted to do anything that the individual described above ought to have done provided the individual fulfills the conditions set out above in the second sentence under this heading.

 

The by-laws of the Registrant provide that, the Registrant shall indemnify a director or officer of the Registrant, a former director or officer of the Registrant, or another individual who acts or acted at the Registrant’s request as a director or officer of a body corporate of which the Registrant is or was a shareholder or creditor, or such person’s heirs and legal representatives to the extent permitted by the CBCA. Except as otherwise required by the CBCA and subject to the foregoing sentence, the Registrant may from time to time indemnify and save harmless any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or contemplated action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by or in the right of the Registrant) by reason of the fact that such person is or was an employee or agent of the Registrant, or is or was serving at the request of the Registrant as a director, officer, employee, agent of or participant in another body corporate, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including legal fees), judgments, fines and any amount actually and reasonably incurred by such person in connection with such action, suit or proceeding if such person acted honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Registrant and, with respect to any criminal or administrative action or proceeding that is enforced by a monetary penalty, had reasonable grounds for believing that such person’s conduct was lawful.

 

The Registrant maintains directors' and officers' liability insurance which insures directors and officers for losses as a result of claims against the directors and officers of the Registrant in their capacity as directors and officers.

 

***

 

Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers or persons controlling the Registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, the Registrant has been informed that in the opinion of the Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore unenforceable.

 

 

 

Item 7. Exemption from Registration Claimed.

 

Not Applicable.

 

Item 8. Exhibits

 

The following exhibits are filed as part of this registration statement:

 

Number   Description
     
4.1   Certificate of Continuance of the Registrant.
     
4.2   By-Law of the Registrant.
     
4.3   Form of Common Share Certificate.
     
4.4   Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. 2017 Stock Option Plan.
     
5.1   Opinion of McCarthy Tétrault LLP.
     
23.1   Consent of McCarthy Tétrault LLP (included in the Opinion filed as Exhibit 5.1).
     
23.2   Consent of Davidson & Company LLP.
     
24.1   Powers of Attorney (included on the signature pages to this registration statement).
     
99.1   Annual information form of the Registrant dated May 14, 2020 for the financial year ended March 31, 2020.
     
99.2   Audited financial statements of the Registrant as at, and for the financial years ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, together with the notes thereto and the independent auditor’s report thereon.
     
99.3   Management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations of the Registrant for the financial year ended March 31, 2020.
     
99.4   Management information circular of the Registrant dated August 19, 2019 relating to the Registrant’s annual meeting of shareholders held on September 24, 2019.
     
99.5   Material change report of the Registrant dated April 20, 2020 relating a public offering of Common Shares.

 

Item 9. Undertakings.

 

(a)            The undersigned Registrant hereby undertakes:

 

(1)            To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:

 

(i)            To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act;

 

(ii)            To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in the volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in the volume and price represent no more than a twenty percent (20%) change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and

 

 

 

(iii)            To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;

 

provided, however, that paragraphs (a)(1)(i) and (a)(1)(ii) do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in periodic reports filed with or furnished to the Commission by the Registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act that are incorporated by reference in this registration statement.

 

(2)            That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

 

(3)            To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.

 

(b)            The undersigned Registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each filing of the Registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act (and, where applicable, each filing of an employee benefit plan’s annual report pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act) that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.

 

(h)            Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the Registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, or otherwise, the Registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the Registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the Registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the Registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question of whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the Registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing on Form S-8 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in the City of Toronto, Province of Ontario, Canada, on the 31st day of July, 2020.

 

 

 

MEDICENNA THERAPEUTICS CORP.

  (Registrant)
   
     
  By: /s/ Elizabeth Williams
   

Elizabeth Williams

Chief Financial Officer

 

POWERS OF ATTORNEY

 

KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Fahar Merchant and Elizabeth Williams, and each of them, his or her true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him and in his or her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to the registration statement, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto and other documents in connection therewith, with the Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as he or she might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all said attorneys-in-fact and agents of them or their substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue thereof.

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, this registration statement has been signed below by the following persons in the capacities indicated on July 31, 2020.

 

Signature   Title
     
/s/ Fahar Merchant   President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman
Fahar Merchant   (principal executive officer)
     
/s/ Elizabeth Williams   Chief Financial Officer
Elizabeth Williams   (principal financial and accounting officer)
     
/s/ Chandra Panchal   Lead Director
Chandra Panchal    
     
/s/ Albert G. Beraldo   Director
Albert G. Beraldo    
     
/s/ Karen Dawes   Director
Karen Dawes    
     
/s/ Rosemina Merchant   Director
Rosemina Merchant    
     
/s/ Andrew Strong   Director
Andrew Strong    

 

 

 

AUTHORIZED REPRESENTATIVE

 

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 6(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, the undersigned has signed this registration statement, solely in the capacity of the duly authorized representative of Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. in the United States, in the City of Newark, State of Delaware, on July 31, 2020.

  

   

PUGLISI & ASSOCIATES

     
  By: /s/ Donald J. Puglisi
  Name: Donald J. Puglisi
  Title: Managing Director

 

 

Exhibit 4.1

 

CORPORATE ACCESS NUMBER: 2018755179 Government of Alberta • BUSINESS CORJ)ORATIONS ACT CERTIFICATE OF INCORPORATION A2 ACQUISITION CORP. WAS INCORPORATED TN ALBERTA ON 2015/02/02.

 

 

 

-r Articles of Incorporation For A2 ACQUISITION CORP. Share Structure: SCHEDULE "A" ATIACHED Share Transfers Restrictions: NONE Number of Directors: Min Number of Directors: Max Number of Directors: Business Restricted To: Business Restricted From: Other Provisions: 1 11 NONE NONE SCHEDULE"B"ATTACHED Registration Authorized By: TREVOR WONG-CHOR SOLICITOR r

 

 

 

SCHEDULE "A" THE CLASSES OF SHARES AND ANY MAXIMUM NUMBER OF SHARES THAT THE CORPORATION IS AUTHORIZED TO ISSUE ARE: 1. An unlimited number of Common shares, the holders of which are entitled: (a) to receive notice of and to attend and vote at all meetings of shareholders, except meetings at which only holders of a specified class of shares are entitled to vote; (b) to receive any dividend declared by the Corporation on this class of shares; provided that the Corporation shall be entitled to declare dividends on the Preferred shares, or on any of such classes of shares without being obliged to declare any dividends on the Common shares of the Corporation; (c) subject to the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to any other class of shares of the Corporation, to receive the remaining property of the Corporation upon dissolution in equal rank with the holders of all other Common shares of the Corporation; and (d) to the rights, privileges and restrictions normally attached to common shares; 2. An unlimited number of Preferred shares, which as a class, have attached thereto the following rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions: (a) the Preferred shares may from time to time be issued in one or more series, and the Directors may fix from time to time before such issue the number of Preferred shares which is to comprise each series and the designation, rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to each series of Preferred shares including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, any voting rights, the rate or amount of dividends or the method of calculating dividends, the dates of payment thereof, the terms and conditions of redemption, purchase and conversion if any, and any sinking fund or other provisions; {b) the Preferred shares of each series shall, with respect to the payment of dividends and the distribution of assets or return of capital in the event of liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Corporation, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other return of capital or distribution of the assets of the Corporation amongst its shareholders for the purpose of winding up its affairs, be entitled to preference over the voting and non-voting Common shares and over any other shares of the Corporation ranking by their terms junior to the Preferred shares of that series. The Preferred shares of any series may also be given such other preferences, not inconsistent with these Articles, over the Common shares and any other such Preferred shares as may be fixed in accordance with clause {2)(a); and (c) if any cumulative dividends or amounts payable on the return of capital in respect of a series of Preferred shares are not paid in full, all series of Preferred shares shall participate rateably in respect of accumulated dividends and return of capital.

 

 

 

SCHEDULE "Bu Attached to and forming part of the Articles of Incorporation OTHER RULES OR PROVISIONS (IF ANY): (a) TheDirectors may, between Annual General Meetings, appoint 1ormore additional Directors of the Corporation to serve untilthenext Annual General Meeting, but thenumberof additional Directors shall not at any time exceed 1/3 of the number of Directors who held office at the expiration of the last Annual Meeting of the Corporation. (b) Meetings of shareholders of the Corporation shall be held anywhereinside or outside of Canada that the directors determine.

 

 

 

Articles Of Incorporation Business Corporations Act Section 6 1. Name of Corporation IA2 ACQUISITION CORP. 2. The classes of shares,and any maximum number of shares that the corporation Is authorized to Issue: SCHEDULE"A"ATTACHED 3. Restrictions on share transfers (if any): NONE 4. Number,or minimum and maximum number,of directors that the corporation may have: Minimum 1;Maximum 11 If the corporation is restricted FROM carrying on a certain business,or restricted TO carrying on a certain business,specify the restrlctlon(s): 5. NONE r Other rules or provisions (if any): 6. SCHEDULE"B"ATTACHED 7. Date authorized by Incorporators: 2015/02/02 Year/ Month1 Day ncorporators This information /$ being collected for the putpOSes of corporate teglstty 18C0nls In acconlance with1118 Business Ccuporatlons Act Questions about the COllection Of this lnfonnation can be directed to the Freedom of lnfonnatlon and Pmtection Of Privacy Coonllnator. Box 3140, Edmonton, Albetta T6J 41.4, {780) 427-7013. REG 3047 {RelY. 20031115) ELECTRONICALLY FILED FEB 0 2 1015 AT CORPORATE REGISTRY Name of Person Authorizing {please print) Address:{including postal code) Signature \

 

 

 

SCHEDULE "A" Attached to and forming part of the Articles of Incorporation THE CLASSES OF SHARES AND ANY MAXIMUM NUMBER OF SHARES THAT THE CORPORATION IS AUTHORIZED TO ISSUE ARE: 1. An unlimited number of Common shares, the holders of which are entitled: (a) to receive notice of and to attend and vote at all meetings of shareholders, except meetings at which only holders of a specified class of shares are entitled to vote; (b) to receive any dividend declared by the Corporation on this class of shares; provided that the Corporation shall be entitled to declare dividends on the Preferred shares, or on any of such classes of shares without being obliged to declare any dividends on the Common shares of the Corporation; (c) subject to the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to any other class of shares of the Corporation, to receive the remaining property of the Corporation upon dissolution in equal rank with the holders of all other Common shares of the Corporation; and · (d) to the rights, privileges and restrictions normally attached to common shares; 2. An unlimited number of Preferred shares, which as a class, have attached thereto the following rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions: (a) the Preferred shares may from time to time be issued in one or more series, and the Directors may fix from time to time before such issue the number of Preferred shares which is to comprise each series and the designation, rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to each series of Preferred shares including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, any voting rights, the rate or amount of dividends or the method of calculating dividends, the dates of payment thereof, the terms and conditions of redemption, purchase and conversion if any, and any sinking fund or other provisions; (b) the Preferred shares of each series shall, with respect to the payment of dividends and the distribution of assets or return of capital in the event of liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Corporation, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other return of capital or distribution of the assets of the Corporation amongst its shareholders for the purpose of winding up its affairs, be entitled to preference over the voting and non-voting Common shares and over any other shares of the Corporation ranking by their terms junior to the Preferred shares of that series. The Preferred shares of any series may also be given such other preferences, not inconsistent with these Articles, over the Common shares and any other such Preferred shares as may be fixed in accordance with clause (2)(a); and (c) if any cumulative dividends or amounts payable on the return of capital in respect of a series of Preferred shares are not paid in full, all series of Preferred shares shall participate rateably in respect of accumulated dividends and return of capital.

 

 

 

SCHEDULE "8" Attached to and forming part of the Articles of Incorporation OTHER RULES OR PROVISIONS (IF ANY): {a) The Directors may, between Annual General Meetings, appoint 1 or more additional Directors of the Corporation to serve until the next Annual General Meeting, but the number of additional Directors shall not at any time exceed 1/3 of the number of Directors who held office at the expiration of the last Annual Meeting of the Corporation. (b) Meetings of shareholders of the Corporation shall be held anywhere inside or outside of Canada that the directors determine.

 

 

 

Incorporate Alberta Corporation - Registration Statement Alberta Registration Date: 2015/02/02 Corporate Access Number: 2018755179 Service Request Number: Alberta Corporation Type: Legal Entity Name: French Equivalent Name: Nuans Number: Nuans Date: French Nuans Number: French Nuans Date: 22744734 Named Alberta Corporation A2 ACQUISITION CORP. 114569861 2015/01/30 REGISTERED ADDRESS Street: Legal Description: City: Province: Postal Code: 1000, 250 - 2ND STREET SW CALGARY ALBERTA T2POC1 r RECORDS ADDRESS Street: Legal Description: City: Province: Postal Code: I 000, 250 - 2ND STREET SW CALGARY ALBERTA T2POC1 ADDRESS FOR SERVICE BY MAIL Post Office Box: City: Province: Postal Code: Internet Mail ID: Share Structure: Share Transfers Restrictions: Number of Directors: Min Number Of Directors: Max Number Of Directors: SCHEDULE"A11 AITACHED NONE r 11

 

 

 

Business Restricted To: Business Restricted From: Other Provisions: NONE NONE SCHEDULE"BnATTACHED Professional Endorsement Provided: Future Dating Required: Registration Date: 2015/02/02 Director Last Name: First Name: Middle Name: DEMICHELE GINO Street/Box Number: 23 ALEXA CLOSE CALGARY ALBERTA T3R 1B9 City: Province: Postal Code: Country: Resident Canadian: Y MCLEAN GREG Last Name: First Name: Middle Name: Street/Box Number:2640 - 5TH AVENUE NW CALGARY ALBERTA TIN OT6 City: Province: Postal Code: Country: Resident Canadian: Y Last Name: First Name: Middle Name: ANDERSON GORDON D. Street/Box Number:#404, 3412 PARKDALE BOULEVARD NW CALGARY ALBERTA T2N 3T4 City: Province: Postal Code: Country: Resident Canadian: Y

 

 

 

Attachment I Registration Authorized By: TREVOR WONG-CHOR SOLICITOR Attachment Type IMicrofilm Bar Codellnate Recorded! Share Structure !ELECTRONIC112015/02/02 !other Rules or ProvisionsjJELECTRONIC112015/02/02I

 

 

 

Page I of I Display Certificates CORPORATE ACCESS NUMBER: 2018755179 Government of Alberta • BUSINESS CORPORATIONS ACT CERTIFICATE OF DISCONTINUANCE MEDICENNA THE RAPEUTICS CORP. CONT fNUED FROM ALBERTA TO CANADA ON 20 1 7/1 1 /1 3.

 

 

 

Page 1 ofl Complete Continuance to Another Jurisdiction - Registration Statement Complete Continuance to Another Jurisdiction - Registration Statement Alberta Amendment Date: 2017/11/15 Service Request Number: Corporate Access Number: Legal Entity Name: Legal Entity Status: Continuance Out Jurisdiction: 28009832 2018755179 MEDICENNA THERAPEUTICS CORP. Con Out CANADA New Corporate Access Number:1049266-3 New Legal Entity Name: Continuance Out Date: MEDICENNA THERAPEUTICS CORP. 2017/11/13 Attachment I !certificate ofContinuancelll0000007123668347I ot7111115 Registration Authorized By:DOUGLAS A. BALLOU SOLICITOR IAttachment Type IIMicrofilm Bar CodeiiDate Recorded}

 

 

 

CORPORATE ACCESS NUMBER: 2018755179 Government of Alberta • BUSINESS CORPORATIONS ACT CERTIFICATE OF AMENDMENT iVlEDICENNA THERAPEUTICS CORP. /\lVI ENDED JTS ARTICLES ON 2017/03/0 I.

 

 

 

;..; ' BUSINESS CORPORATIONS ACT (Section 29 or 177) ALBERTA CORPORATE REGISTRY ARTICLES OF AMENDMENT Name of Corporation 2. Corporate Access Number I. 2018755179 A2 ACQUISITION CORP. The Articles of the above-named corporation are amended as follows: 1. Pursuant to Section 173(1)(f) of the Business Corporations Act (Alberta) (the "Act"), the Articles of the Corporation are hereby amended to change the number of issued and outstanding Common shares of the Corporation into a different number of shares of the same Class on the basis of one (1) Common share for each fourteen (14) Common shares currently issued and outstanding; and 2. Pursuant to Section 173(1)(a) of the Act, the Corporation be and is hereby authorized to amend the Articles of the Corporation to change the name of the Corporation from A2 Acquisition Corp. to: Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. ELECTRONICALLY FILED MAR 0 1 2011 AT CORPORATE REGISTRY Signature:i Title: _ Date: 2017/02/ V 7 For Departmental Use Only: Filed CAN: 23744522.1

 

 

 

Section 173(1)(1) Schedule All Issued and outstanding Common shares in the capital of the Corporation are hereby converted on the basis of 1 Common share for each 14 Common shares currently issued and outstanding. CAN:23744522.1

 

 

 

Section 173(1)(£) Schedule All issued and outstanding Common shares in the capital of the Corporation are hereby converted on the basis of 1 Common share for each 14 Common shares currently issued and outstanding.

 

 

 

IMovation,Science and Economic Development Canada eor;..-Innovation,Sciences et Developpement econom!que Canada Carpal.z QnsCoYI.1d,a Canada Certificate of Continuance Certificat de prorogation Canada Business Corporations Act Loi canadlenne sur les societes par actions Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. Corporate name I Denomination sociale 1049266-3 Corporation number I Numcro de societe I HEREBY CERTIFY that the above-namedJE CERTIFIE que Ia societe susmentionnee, dont corporation, the articles of continuance of whichles clauses de prorogation sont jointes, est are attached, is continued under section 187 ofprorogee en vertu de l'article 187 de Ia Loi the Canada Business Corporations Act (CBCA).canadienne sur les societes par actions ( CSA). Virginia Ethier Director I Directcur 2017-11-13 Date of Continuance (YYYY-MM-DD) Date de prorogation (AAAA-MM-JJ)

 

 

 

Innovation, Scienco and lnnovat!cn.Sciences et Economlc Dovelcpment Canada DtWeloppement 4conomlque Canada Formulaire 11 Clauses de prorogation Loi canadienne sur /es soclfltes par acUons (LCSA) (art. 187) Form 11 Articles of Continuance Canada Business CorporaUons Act (CBCA) (s. 187) [!]corporate name Denomination sociale Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. (3]The province or tenitory in Canada where the registered office is situated La province ou le tenitoire au Canada oil est situe le siege social ON (1]The classes and the maximum number of shares that the corporation is authorized to issue Categories et le nombre maximal d'actions que Ia societe est autorisee a emettre See attached schedule I Voir l'annexe ci-jointe 0Restrictions on share transfers Restrictions sur le transfert des actions None 0Minimwn and maximum number of directors Nombre minimal et maximal d'administrateurs Min.1 Max. 11 0Restrictions on the business the corporation may carry on Limites imposees a l'activite commerciale de Ia societe None [!](1) If change of name effected, previous name S'il y a changement de denomination sociale, indiquer Ia denomination sociale anterieure Not Applicable I Sans objet (2) Details of incorporation Details de Ia constitution Certificate of Incorporation dated February 2, 2015 Certificate of Amendment dated March 1, 2017 [!]Other Provisions Autres dispositions See attached schedule I Voir l'annexe ci-jointe [!]Declaration:I certify that I am a director or an officer of the company continuing into the CBCA. Declaration : J'atteste que je suis un administtateur ou un dirigeant de Ia societe se prorogeant sous le regime de Ia LCSA. Originalsigned by I Original signa par Bizabeth Williams Elizabeth Williams MisRpR:Icctllion coastilllles 111off'cacc llld. oa IWimW'Y coaviccloa, a pcnGG Ia liable10 a fine aot ac:ccdiqSjOOQ or to imprisoammt for a tam aat c:xcco!ia& m CIICIIIlhl or boll! (SIIbscctioft 250(1) ordte CBCA). Falrc liDO l'muc d4du=IOIII:IODS!imc IIIIC Wiucloa ct son m Wr,lllt d6cl&r&tion de c:ulpahili16 pat proc:6Wc ICIIMIIlrc.at p&SIIblc d'unc amcadc muimalc deS 000 S ct d'un maximal dem mob,ou1'111111 de ecs pcfllcs (p&rqnpllc 250(1) do Ia LCSA). You ca provldlq lnformadoa required by die CBCA. Nocc dl&t bolh tile CBCA and lhc: PrMq An.Slow Ibis lnrGmlllion10 be dllcloacd ro the public. ra wiD be IIOftd 11:1 paiOIIIIIAf'cnulion lllllkCIIIII!IcriCIPPU..o49. Voua rouzu s a del cala& p&t Ia LCSA. n a1'IIOtcr que Ia LCSA ct Ia IAitw Ia NIU IIIll patD_,pamctlmt que de tell muclpcmaiiiiOicat clivulpia &U plblic. tllsaont SIOCkts daDIa bmquc de mlldpcmana pcncmnda ICIPPU..()49. Canada IC 3247 (2008104)

 

 

 

Schedule I Annexe Description of Classes of Shares I Description des cat6gories d'action An unlimited number of Common shares and an unlimited number of Preferred shares. The rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attached to the Common shares and the Preferred shares shall be as follows: 1. Common shares, the holders of which are entitled: (a) to receive notice of and to attend and vote at all meetings of shareholders, except meetings at which only holders of a specified class of shares are entitled to vote; (b) to receive any dividend declared by the Corporation on this class of shares;provided that the Corporation shall be entitled to declare dividends on the Preferred shares, or on any of such classes of shares without being obliged to declare any dividends on the Common shares of the Corporation; (c) subject to the rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to any other class of shares of the Corporation, to receive the remaining property of the Corporation upon dissolution in equalrank with the holders of all other Common shares of the Corporation; and (d) to the rights,privileges and restrictions normally attached to common shares; 2.Preferred shares, which as a class, have attached thereto the following rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions: (a) the Preferred shares may from time to time be issued in one or more series, and the Directors may fix from time to time before such issue the number of Preferred shares which is to comprise each series and the designation,rights, privileges, restrictions and conditions attaching to each series of Preferred shares including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, any voting rights, the rate or amount of dividends or the method of calculating dividends, the dates of payment thereof, the terms and conditions of redemption, purchase and conversion if any, and any sinking fund or other provisions; (b) the Preferred shares of each series shall, with respect to the payment of dividends and the distribution of assets or return of capitalin the event of liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Corporation, whether voluntary or involuntary, or any other retum of capital or distribution of the assets of the Corporation amongst its shareholders for the purpose of winding up its affairs, be entitled to preference over the voting and non-voting Common shares and over any other shares of the Corporation ranking by their terms junior to the Preferred shares of that series.The Preferred shares of any series may also be given such other preferences, not inconsistent with these Articles over the Common shares and any other such Preferred shares as may be fixed in accordance with clause (2)(a);and (c) if any cumulative dividends or amounts payable on the return of capital in respect of a series of Preferred shares are not paid in full, all series of Preferred shares shall participate rateably in respect of

 

 

 

accumulated dividends and return of capital.

 

 

 

Schedule I Annexa Other Provisions I Autres dispositions Other provisions: (a) The Directors may,between Annual General Meetings,appoint 1 or more additional Directors of the Corporation to serve until the next Annual GeneralMeeting,but the number of additional Directors shall not at any time exceed 1/3 of the number of Directors who held office at the expiration of the last Annual Meeting of the Corporation. (b) Meetings of shareholders of the Corporation shall be held anywhere inside or outside of Canada that the directors determine.

 

 

 

1+11 E'conomlc Devefopment Canada 06veloppement 6canomique Cansda !nnovatlcn, Sdenco and Innovation, Sciences et Form2 InitialRegistered Office Address and First Board of Directors Canada Business Corporations Act (CBCA) (s. 19 and 106) Formulaire 2 Siege socialinitialet premier conseild'administration Loi canadlenne sur les socl ts par actions (LCSA) (art. 19 et 106) Corporate name '---.J Denomination socialc Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. f2J Address of registered office - Adresse du siege social 181Bay Street. Suite 2100 Toronto ON M5J 2T3 ·1 Additional address - Autre adresse :· 4·: Members of the board of directors -·-Membrcs du conseil d'administration See attached schedule I Voir l'annexe ci-jointe . 5 :Declaration: I certify that I have relevant knowledge and that I am authorized to sign this form. --·Declaration : J •atteste que jc posscde une connaissancc suftisante ct que jc suis autorisc( c) a signer lc present fonnulaire. Original signed by I Originalsigna par Elizabeth Williams Elizabeth Williams 416 648-5555 Flire 111111 fawc didaraloa coast!IIIC UIIC i:&lcdaa ct 100 auteur, u dtclmlion lfc calp&bitllt:pulllllmlllft.01pauiblc d'IIIIC lmCZIIfc muimalc deS 000 Sa d'c:a cmpriacxmcmcDt maim&de liz moil. oa l'IIDC de CCI pcUics (parqrlp!lc :ZSO(I)de Ia LCSA). You=prcwidlq lntonn&lloa Rqlllred by die CBCA. Note lllat bod! the CBCA &lid die Prlw:q Aet allow lhillzlromWioll to be disciad to chc pubttt wiD be ltOtQS l!lpenoad lArom'lllioa balk Clllllbc:r ICIPPU.OC9. P&r Ia LCSA.II at A no1cr qe Ia LCSA ct tai.DISllllu trt&J lpn ll# -pam :t cct que de tell rc= Kipemmusolc=tcllwlautJ au pubUc. Vous foumisscz lfa alafs OJ scniiii510Ctb dms Ia blllquc de mucipcmadlpcnomciJ C1ml&o ICJPPU-049. Canada IC 2904 (2008104)

 

 

 

Schedule I Annexe Members of the board of directors I Membres du conseil d'administration Resident Canadian Resident Canadien Rosemina Merchant 439 Helmcken Street, Vancouver BC V6B 2E6, Canada Yes/Cui Fahar Merchant 439 Helmcken Street, Vancouver BC V6B 2E6, Canada Yes/Oui Albert Beraldo 439 Helmcken Street, Vancouver BC V68 2E6, Canada Yes I Qui Chandrakant Panchal 439 Helmcken Street,Vancouver,BC V6B 2E6, Canada Yes/ Cui Andrew Strong 439 Helmcken Street,Vancouver BC V6B 2E6, Canada No/Non William W. Li 439 Helmcken Street, Vancouver,BC V6B 2E6, Canada No/ Non

 

 

Exhibit 4.2

 

BY-LAW NO. 1

 

A by-law relating generally to
the transaction of the business
and affairs of

 

A2 ACQUISITION CORP.
(the "Corporation")

 

DIRECTORS AND OFFICERS

 

1)Calling of and Notice of Meetings - Meetings of the board shall be held at such place and time and on such day as the chairman of the board, president, chief executive officer or a vice- president, if any, or any two directors may determine. Notice of meetings of the board shall be given to each director not less than 48 hours before the time when the meeting is to be held. Each newly elected board may without notice hold its first meeting for the purposes of organization and the appointment of officers immediately following the meeting of shareholders at which such board was elected.

 

2)Quorum - Subject to the residency requirements contained in the Business Corporations Act, the quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting of the board shall consist of a majority of the number of directors then elected or appointed or such greater or lesser number of directors as the board may from time to time determine.

 

3)Place of Meeting - Meetings of the board may be held in or outside Canada.

 

4)Votes to Govern - At all meetings of the board every question shall be decided by a majority of the votes cast on the question; and in case of an equality of votes the chairman of the meeting shall not be entitled to a second or casting vote.

 

5)Interest of Directors and Officers Generally in Contracts - No director or officer shall be disqualified by his office from contracting with the Corporation nor shall any contract or arrangement entered into by or on behalf of the Corporation with any director or officer or in which any director or officer is in any way interested be liable to be voided nor shall any director or officer so contracting or being so interested be liable to account to the Corporation for any profit realized by any such contract or arrangement by reason of such director or officer holding that office or of the fiduciary relationship thereby established; provided that the director or officer shall have complied with the provisions of the Business Corporations Act.

 

6)Appointment of Officers - Subject to the articles of the Corporation (the "Articles") and any unanimous shareholder agreement, the board may from time to time appoint a president, chief executive officer, chief financial officer, one or more vice-presidents (to which title may be added words indicating seniority or function), a secretary, a treasurer and such other officers as the board may determine, including one or more assistants to any of the officers so appointed. The board may specify the duties of and, in accordance with this by-law and subject to the provisions of the Business Corporations Act, delegate to such officers powers to manage the business and affairs of the Corporation. Subject to the provisions of this by-law, an officer may but need not be a director and one person may hold more than one office.

 

7)Chairman of the Board - The board may from time to time also appoint a chairman of the board who shall be a director. If appointed, the board may assign to him any of the powers and duties that are by any provisions of this by-law assigned to the managing director or to the president; and he shall, subject to the provisions of the Business Corporations Act, have such other powers and duties as the board may specify. During the absence or disability of the chairman of the board, his duties shall be performed and his powers exercised by the managing director, if any, or by the president.

 

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8)Managing Director - The board may from time to time appoint a managing director who shall be a resident Canadian and a director. If appointed, he shall have such powers and duties as the board may specify.

 

9)President - If appointed, the president shall be the chief operating officer and, subject to the authority of the board, shall have general supervision of the business of the Corporation; and he shall have such other powers and duties as the board may specify. During the absence or disability of the president, or if no president has been appointed, the managing director shall also have the powers and duties of that office.

 

10)Vice-President - A vice-president shall have such powers and duties as the board or the chief executive officer may specify.

 

11)Secretary - The secretary shall attend and be the secretary of all meetings of the board, shareholders and committees of the board and shall enter or cause to be entered in records kept for that purpose minutes of all proceedings thereat; he shall give or cause to be given, as and when instructed, all notices to shareholders, directors, officers, auditors and members of committees of the board; he shall be the custodian of the stamp or mechanical device generally used for affixing the corporate seal of the Corporation and of all books, papers, records, documents and instruments belonging to the Corporation, except when some other officer or agent has been appointed for that purpose; and he shall have such other powers and duties as the board or the chief executive officer may specify.

 

12)Treasurer - The treasurer shall keep proper accounting records in compliance with the Business Corporations Act and shall be responsible for the deposit of money, the safekeeping of securities and the disbursement of the funds of the Corporation; he shall render to the board whenever required an account of all his transactions as treasurer and of the financial position of the Corporation; and he shall have such other powers and duties as the board or the chief executive officer may specify.

 

13)Agents and Attorneys - The board shall have the power from time to time to appoint agents and attorneys for the Corporation in or outside Canada with such powers as the board sees fit.

 

SHAREHOLDERS' MEETINGS

 

14)Quorum - Subject to the requirements of the Business Corporations Act, a quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting of the shareholders, irrespective of the number of persons actually present at the meeting, shall be one person present in person being a shareholder entitled to vote thereat or a duly appointed representative or proxyholder for an absent shareholder so entitled, and holding or representing in the aggregate not less than a majority of the outstanding shares of the Corporation entitled to vote at the meeting.

 

At such time as shares of the Corporation have been sold to the public, the quorum for the transaction of business at any meeting of the shareholders shall consist of at least two persons holding or representing by proxy not less than five (5%) percent of the outstanding shares of the Corporation entitled to vote at the meeting.

 

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15)Nomination of Directors - Subject only to the Business Corporations Act and the Articles, only persons who are nominated in accordance with the following procedures shall be eligible for election as directors of the Corporation. Nominations of persons for election to the board may be made at any annual meeting of shareholders, or at any special meeting of shareholders if one of the purposes for which a special meeting was called was the election of directors:

 

i)by or at the direction of the board or an authorized officer of the Corporation, including pursuant to a notice of meeting;

 

ii)by or at the direction or request of one or more shareholders pursuant to a proposal made in accordance with the provisions of the Business Corporations Act, or a requisition of the shareholders made in accordance with the provisions of the Business Corporations Act; or

 

iii)by any person (a "Nominating Shareholder"): (A) who, at the close of business on the date of the giving of the notice provided for in this Section 15 and on the record date for the notice of such meeting, is entered in the securities register as a holder of one or more shares carrying the right to vote at such meeting, or who beneficially owns shares that are entitled to be voted at such meeting; and (B) who complies with the notice procedures set forth in this Section 15.

 

(a)Timely Notice - In addition to any other applicable requirements, for a nomination to be made by a Nominating Shareholder, the Nominating Shareholder must have given timely notice thereof in proper written form to the corporate secretary of the Corporation at the registered office of the Corporation in accordance with this Section 15.

 

(b)Manner of Timely Notice - To be timely, a Nominating Shareholder's notice to the corporate secretary of the Corporation must be made

 

(i)in the case of an annual meeting of shareholders, not less than 30 nor more than 65 days prior to the date of the annual meeting of shareholders; provided, however, that in the event that the annual meeting of shareholders is to be held on a date that is less than 50 days after the date (the "Notice Date") on which the first public announcement of the date of the annual meeting was made, notice by the Nominating Shareholder may be made not later than the close of business on the tenth (10th) day following the Notice Date; and

 

(ii)in the case of a special meeting (which is not also an annual meeting) of shareholders called for the purpose of electing directors (whether or not called for other purposes), not later than the close of business on the fifteenth (15th) day following the day on which the first public announcement of the date of the special meeting of shareholders was made. In no event shall any adjournment or postponement of a meeting of shareholders or the announcement thereof commence a new time period for the giving of a Nominating Shareholder's notice as described above.

 

(c)Proper Form of Timely Notice - To be in proper written form, a Nominating Shareholder's notice to the corporate secretary of the Corporation must set forth:

 

(i)as to each person whom the Nominating Shareholder proposes to nominate for election as a director: (i) the name, age, business address and residence address of the person; (ii) the principal occupation or employment of the person; (iii) the class or series and number of shares in the capital of the Corporation which are controlled or which are owned beneficially or of record by the person as of the record date for the meeting of shareholders (if such date shall then have been made publicly available and shall have occurred) and as of the date of such notice; (iv) any other information relating to the person that would be required to be disclosed in a dissident's proxy circular in connection with solicitations of proxies for election of directors pursuant to the Business Corporations Act and Applicable Securities Laws; and

 

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(ii)as to the Nominating Shareholder giving the notice, any proxy, contract,arrangement, understanding or relationship pursuant to which such Nominating Shareholder has a right to vote any share of the Corporation and any other information relating to such Nominating Shareholder that would be required to be made in a dissident's proxy circular in connection with solicitations of proxies for election of directors pursuant to the Business Corporations Act and Applicable Securities Laws.

 

The Corporation may requires any proposed nominee to furnish such other information, including a written consent to act, as may reasonably be required by the Corporation to determine the eligibility of such proposed nominee to serve as an independent director of the Corporation or that could be material to a reasonable shareholder's understanding of the independence, or lack thereof, of such proposed nominee.

 

(d)Eligibility for Nomination As A Director - No person shall be eligible for election as a director of the Corporation unless nominated in accordance with the provisions of this Section 15; provided, however that nothing in this Section 15 shall be deemed to preclude discussion by a shareholder (as distinct from nominating directors) at a meeting of shareholders of any matter in respect of which it would have been entitled to submit a proposal pursuant to the provisions of the Business Corporations Act. The chairman of the meeting shall have the power and duty to determine whether a nomination was made in accordance with the procedures set forth in the foregoing provisions and, if any proposed nomination is not in compliance with such foregoing provisions, to declare that such defective nomination shall be disregarded.

 

(e)Terms - For purposes of this Section 15:

 

(i)"public announcement" shall mean disclosure in a press release reported by a national news service in Canada, or in a document publicly filed by the Corporation under its profile on the System of Electronic Document Analysis and Retrieval at www.sedar.com; and

 

(ii)"Applicable Securities Laws" means the Securities Act (British Columbia) and the equivalent legislation in the other provinces and in the territories of Canada, as amended from time to time, the rules, regulations and forms made or promulgated under any such statute and the published national instruments, multilateral instruments, policies, bulletins and notices of the securities commissions and similar regulatory authorities of each of the provinces and territories of Canada.

 

(f)Delivery of Notice - Notwithstanding any other provision of this Section 15, notice given to the corporate secretary of the Corporation pursuant to this Section 15 may only be given by personal delivery, facsimile transmission or by email (at such email address as stipulated from time to time by the secretary of the Corporation for the purposes of this notice), and shall be deemed to have been given and made only at the time it is served by personal delivery, email (at the address as aforesaid) or sent by facsimile transmission (provided that receipt of confirmation of such transmission has been received) to the secretary at the address of the registered offices of the Corporation; provided that if such delivery or electronic communication is made on a day which is not a business day or later than 5:00 p.m. (Calgary time) on a day which is a business day, then such a delivery or electronic communication shall be deemed to have been made on the subsequent day that is a business day.

 

(g)Board Discretion - Notwithstanding the foregoing, the board may, in its sole discretion, waive any requirement in this Section 15.

 

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16)Votes to Govern - At any meeting of shareholders every question shall, unless otherwise required by the Business Corporations Act, be determined by the majority of votes cast on the question. In case of an equality of votes either upon a show of hands or upon a poll, the chairman of the meeting shall not be entitled a second or casting vote.

 

17)Show of Hands - Subject to the provisions of the Business Corporations Act, any question at a meeting of shareholders shall be decided by a show of hands unless a ballot thereon is required or demanded as hereinafter provided. Upon a show of hands every person who is present and entitled to vote shall have one vote per share. Whenever a vote by show of hands shall have been taken upon a question, unless a ballot thereon is so required or demanded, a declaration by the chairman of the meeting that the vote upon the question has been carried or carried by a particular majority or not carried and an entry to that effect in the minutes of the meeting shall be prima facie evidence of the fact without proof of the number or proportion of the votes recorded in favour of or against any resolution or other proceeding in respect of the said question, and the result of the vote so taken shall be the decision of the shareholders upon the said question.

 

18)Ballots - On any question proposed for consideration at a meeting of shareholders, and whether or not a show of hands has been taken thereon, any shareholder or proxyholder entitled to vote at the meeting may require or demand a ballot. A ballot so required or demanded shall be taken in such manner as the chairman shall direct. A requirement or demand for a ballot may be withdrawn at any time prior to the taking of the ballot. If a ballot is taken each person present shall be entitled, in respect of the shares which he is entitled to vote at the meeting upon the question, to that number of votes provided by the Business Corporations Act or the Articles, and the result of the ballot so taken shall be the decision of the shareholders upon the said question.

 

MEETING BY TELEPHONE

 

19)Directors and Shareholders - A director may participate in a meeting of the board or of a committee of the board and a shareholder or any other person entitled to attend a meeting of shareholders may participate in a meeting of shareholders by means of telephone or other communication facilities that permit all persons participating in any such meeting to hear each other.

 

INDEMNIFICATION

 

20)Indemnification of Directors and Officers - The Corporation shall indemnify a director or officer of the Corporation, a former director or officer of the Corporation or a person who acts or acted at the Corporation's request as a director or officer of a body corporate of which the Corporation is or was a shareholder or creditor, and his heirs and legal representatives to the extent permitted by the Business Corporations Act.

 

21)Indemnity of Others - Except as otherwise required by the Business Corporations Act and subject to paragraph 20, the Corporation may from time to time indemnify and save harmless any person who was or is a party or is threatened to be made a party to any threatened, pending or contemplated action, suit or proceeding, whether civil, criminal, administrative or investigative (other than an action by or in the right of the Corporation) by reason of the fact that he is or was an employee or agent of the Corporation, or is or was serving at the request of the Corporation as a director, officer, employee, agent of or participant in another body corporate, partnership, joint venture, trust or other enterprise, against expenses (including legal fees), judgments, fines and any amount actually and reasonably incurred by him in connection with such action, suit or proceeding if he acted honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Corporation and, with respect to any criminal or administrative action or proceeding that is enforced by a monetary penalty, had reasonable grounds for believing that his conduct was lawful. The termination of any action, suit or proceeding by judgment, order, settlement or conviction shall not, of itself, create a presumption that the person did not act honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Corporation and, with respect to any criminal or administrative action or proceeding that is enforced by a monetary penalty, had no reasonable grounds for believing that his conduct was lawful.

 

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22)Right of Indemnity Not Exclusive - The provisions for indemnification contained in the by-laws of the Corporation shall not be deemed exclusive of any other rights to which any person seeking indemnification may be entitled under any agreement, vote of shareholders or directors or otherwise, both as to action in his official capacity and as to action in another capacity, and shall continue as to a person who has ceased to be a director, officer, employee or agent and shall inure to the benefit of the heirs and legal representatives of such a person.

 

23)No liability of Directors or Officers for Certain Matters - To the extent permitted by law, no director or officer of the Corporation shall be liable for the acts, receipts, neglects or defaults of any other director or officer or employee or for joining in any receipt or act for conformity or for any loss, damage or expense happening to the Corporation through the insufficiency or deficiency of title to any property acquired by the Corporation or for or on behalf of the Corporation or for the insufficiency or deficiency of any security in or upon which any of the moneys of or belonging to the Corporation shall be placed out or invested or for any loss or damage arising from the bankruptcy, insolvency or tortious act of any person, firm or body corporate with whom or which any moneys, securities or other assets belonging to the Corporation shall be lodged or deposited or for any loss, conversion, misapplication or misappropriation of or any damage resulting from any dealings with any moneys, securities or other assets belonging to the Corporation or for any other loss, damage or misfortune whatever which may happen in the execution of the duties of his respective office or trust or in relation thereto unless the same shall happen by or through his failure to act honestly and in good faith with a view to the best interests of the Corporation and in connection therewith to exercise the care, diligence and skill that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in comparable circumstances. If any director or officer of the Corporation shall be employed by or shall perform services for the Corporation otherwise than as a director or officer or shall be a member of a firm or a shareholder, director or officer of a body corporate which is employed by or performs services for the Corporation, the fact of his being a director or officer of the Corporation shall not disentitle such director or officer or such firm or body corporate, as the case may be, from receiving proper remuneration for such services.

 

DIVIDENDS

 

24)Dividends - Subject to the provisions of the Business Corporations Act, the board may from time to time declare dividends payable to the shareholders according to their respective rights and interests in the Corporation. Dividends may be paid in money or property or by issuing fully paid shares of the Corporation.

 

25)Dividend Cheques - A dividend payable in cash shall be paid by cheque drawn on the Corporation's bankers or one of them to the order of each registered holder of shares of the class or series in respect of which it has been declared and mailed by prepaid ordinary mail to such registered holder at his recorded address, unless such holder otherwise directs. In the case of joint holders the cheque shall, unless such joint holders otherwise direct, be made payable to the order of all such joint holders and mailed to them at their recorded address. The mailing of such cheque as aforesaid, unless the same is not paid on due presentation, shall satisfy and discharge the liability for the dividend to the extent of the sum represented thereby plus the amount of any tax which the Corporation is required to and does withhold.

 

26)Non-Receipt of Cheques - In the event of non-receipt of any dividend cheque by the person to whom it is sent as aforesaid, the Corporation shall issue to such person a replacement cheque for a like amount on such terms as to indemnify, reimbursement of expenses and evidence of non-receipt and of title as the board may from time to time prescribe, whether generally or in any particular case.

 

 

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27)Unclaimed Dividends - Any dividend unclaimed after a period of 6 years from the date on which the same has been declared to be payable shall be forfeited and shall revert to the Corporation.

 

BANKING ARRANGEMENTS, CONTRACTS, DIVISIONS ETC.

 

28)Banking Arrangements - The banking business of the Corporation, or any part thereof, shall be transacted with such banks, trust companies or other financial institutions as the board may designate, appoint or authorize from time to time by resolution and all such banking business, or any part thereof, shall be transacted on the Corporation's behalf by such one or more officers and/or other persons as the board may designate, direct or authorize from time to time by resolution and to the extent therein provided.

 

29)Execution of Instruments - Contracts, documents or instruments in writing requiring execution by the Corporation may be signed by any one officer or director and all contracts, documents or instruments in writing so signed shall be binding upon the Corporation without any further authorization or formality. The board is authorized from time to time by resolution to appoint any officer or officers or any other person or persons on behalf of the Corporation to sign and deliver either contracts, documents or instruments in writing generally or to sign either manually or by facsimile signature and/or counterpart signature and deliver specific contracts, documents or instruments in writing. The term "contracts, documents or instruments in writing" as used in this by-law shall include deeds, mortgages, charges, conveyances, powers of attorney, transfers and assignments of property of all kinds (including specifically, but without limitation, transfers and assignments of shares, warrants, bonds, debentures or other securities), share certificates, warrants, bonds, debentures and other securities or security instruments of the Corporation and all paper writings.

 

30)Voting Rights in Other Bodies Corporate - The signing officers of the Corporation may execute and deliver proxies and arrange for the issuance of voting certificates or other evidence of the right to exercise the voting rights attaching to any securities held by the Corporation. Such instruments shall be in favour of such persons as may be determined by the officers executing or arranging for the same. In addition, the board may from time to time direct the manner in which and the persons by whom any particular voting rights or class of voting rights may or shall be exercised.

 

31)Creation and Consolidation of Divisions - The board may cause the business and operations of the Corporation or any part thereof to be divided or to be segregated into one or more divisions upon such basis, including without limitation, character or type of operation, geographical territory, product manufactured or service rendered, as the board may consider appropriate in each case. The board may also cause the business and operations of any such division to be further divided into sub-units and the business and operations of any such divisions or sub-units to be consolidated upon such basis as the board may consider appropriate in each case.

 

32)Name of Division - Any division or its sub-units may be designated by such name as the board may from time to time determine and may transact business, enter into contracts, sign cheques and other documents of any kind and do all acts and things under such name. Any such contracts, cheque or document shall be binding upon the Corporation as if it had been entered into or signed in the name of the Corporation.

 

33)Officers of Divisions - From time to time the board or a person designated by the board, may appoint one or more officers for any division, prescribe their powers and duties and settle their terms of employment and remuneration. The board or a person designated by the board, may remove at its or his pleasure any officer so appointed, without prejudice to such officers rights under any employment contract. Officers of divisions or their sub-units shall not, as such be officers of the Corporation.

 

 -7- 

 

 

MISCELLANEOUS

 

34)Invalidity of Any Provisions of This By-Law - The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of this by-law shall not affect the validity or enforceability of the remaining provisions of this bylaw.

 

35)Share Certificates, Acknowledgements and Direct Registration System - Every shareholder of one or more shares of the Corporation shall be entitled, at the shareholder's option, to a share certificate that complies with the Business Corporations Act, or a non-transferable written acknowledgment that complies with the Business Corporations Act of the shareholder's right to obtain a share certificate from the Corporation in respect of the shares of the Corporation held by such shareholder in an amount as shown on the securities register of the Corporation. Any share certificate issued pursuant to this paragraph 35 shall be in such form as the board may from time to time approve, shall be signed by the Corporation in accordance with paragraph 29 and need not be under the corporate seal.

 

For greater certainty, but subject to paragraph 35, a registered shareholder may have his holdings of shares of the Corporation evidenced by an electronic, book-based, direct registration system or other non-certificated entry or position on the register of shareholders to be kept by the Corporation in place of a physical share certificate pursuant to such a registration system that may be adopted by the Corporation, in conjunction with its transfer agent. This by-law shall be read such that a registered holder of shares of the Corporation pursuant to any such electronic, book-based, direct registration service or other non-certificated entry or position shall be entitled to all of the same benefits, rights, entitlements and shall incur the same duties and obligations as a registered holder of shares evidenced by a physical share certificate. The Corporation and its transfer agent may adopt such policies and procedures and require such documents and evidence as they may determine necessary or desirable in order to facilitate the adoption and maintenance of a share registration system by electronic, book-based, direct registration system or other non-certificated means.

 

36)Omissions and Errors - The accidental omission to give any notice to any shareholder, director, officer or auditor or the non-receipt of any notice by any shareholder, director, officer or auditor or any error in any notice not affecting the substance thereof shall not invalidate any action taken at any meeting held pursuant to such notice or otherwise founded thereon.

 

INTERPRETATION

 

37)Interpretation - In this by-law and all other by-laws of the Corporation words importing the singular number only shall include the plural and vice versa; words importing the masculine gender shall include the feminine and neuter genders; words importing persons shall include an individual, partnership, association, body corporate, executor, administrator or legal representative and any number or aggregate of persons; "articles" include the original or restated articles of incorporation, articles of amendment, articles of amalgamation, articles of continuance, articles of reorganization, articles of arrangement and articles of revival; "board" shall mean the board of directors of the Corporation; "Business Corporations Act" shall mean the Business Corporations Act (Alberta), R.S.A. 2000, c. B-9, as amended from time to time, or any Act that may hereafter be substituted therefor; "meeting of shareholders" shall mean and include an annual meeting of shareholders and a special meeting of shareholders of the Corporation; and "signing officers" means any person authorized to sign on behalf of the Corporation pursuant to paragraph 29.

 

 -8- 

 

  

CONSENTED to by the first directors of the Corporation, as evidenced by the signatures hereto.

 

 

    /s/ Gino DeMichele
    Gino DeMichele
     
     
    /s/ Gordon D. Anderson
    Gordon D. Anderson

 

CONFIRMED by the voting shareholders of the Corporation, as evidenced by the signatures hereto.

 

    A2 Capital Management Inc.
     

 

    BY: /s/ Gino DeMichele
     

 

    Freestyle Holdings Corp.
     

 

    BY: /s/ Gordon D. Anderson
     

 

DATED: March 11, 2015.

 

 -9- 

 

Exhibit 4.3

 

THIS CERTIFIES THAT NUMBER CERT.9999 **9.000.000.000***** ***9.000.000,000**** ****9,000,000,000*** *****9.000,000,000"* ******9.000.000.000* is the registered owner of ' ·-: ,:)v,::i:i:.,:::J::"" ' '"'NINBBILL..IONJAND00/100 * :l,J:JC, 1GJ,!)l)ll" • .......,,J,)C,,;t)C:,,;t;•)• • • :"? H'<,(;(..(!, l!C!G , LU.:'""' £C.I:"1;·;N • • C.::".R.'J.·)•;!).J ... t IH ; 3l'..1i h ANr'\ 0 );.1.'\. l-..:. .:;.,:, r1;, ;nrr:: .... .r,r, :,, d(•r ,..,rr, ... ... · ....c,c r rJ,f.'r':·,r•·r" ··; •. <.. ,OC'i.,f:i 'D,C·C•(;"'·-,... N•...-,.t,Y Cl, 2CC':i"' . ...a. ..,._.a.J.. : 1 ..JJJ 1 VUU 1 C.J0-- ,·..., .,·.lt.:. :--'" .t. l:!·:•..\. \; ;t; - :·, 1 t-a:. B LI.I ; l l\.!."JP Gl"'/ltlt .., ,!.?•. - .a.•··:,:;l; ,\1-,.tJ.vv··..' .......... "··•<1,G P. 100 , '1CP'1 "."'"'"'... .--", t1 "),000,!f'tr) 4·"" ... " A,· ............. ,nn.D,000,!')0 ............. ..: ....C..".. ,r:r;'3,f)!")Q,:YC.:f)-.· ......... c-..... • ,i)r (1l1/''.i •• \.·.: t..,::....·:,!, , (loc.., ... , :,...·. ·, ·l t•,t c cj;; .... : ., o,'}i)l),lJiJl)"' , , -:Fz=-:Jr·E!J ... \-.-_.-·.,·:T . .::.; ::; 't4i! ..n,-!-.. ,:tt,r· ., .... !i,c.r Ci,L ( FULLY PAID AND NON-ASSESSABLE COMMON SHARES IN THE CAPITAL OF MEDICENNA THERAPEUTICS CORP. transferable only on the books of the Corporation by the registered holder in person or by duly authorized Attorney on surrender of this Certificate properly endorsed. This Certificate is not valid until countersigned and registered by the Transfer Agent and Registrar of the Corporation. IN WITNESS WHEREOF the Corporation has caused this Certificate to be signed by its duly authorized officers. - -::::-COUNTERSIGNED by Continental Stock Transfer & Trust Co. 1 State Street, 30th Floor New York, NY 10004 Co-Transfer Agent ( ;; AUTHORIZED OFFICER 6215559

 

 

 

RESTRICTIONS FOR VALUE RECEIVED, hereby sell, assign and transfer unto PLEASE INSERT SOCIAL INSURANCE NUMBER OF TRANSFEREE (PLEASE PRINT OR TYPEWRITE NAME AND ADDRESS OF ASSIGNEE) Shares of the CapitalStock represented by the within Certificate,and do hereby irrevocably constitute and appol Attorney to transfer the said S1ock on the Books of the within named Corporation, with full power of substitution in the premises. Dated: Signature: _ w (.) z w en NOTICE: THE SIGNATURE TO THIS ASSIGNMENT MUST CORRESPOND WITH THE NAME AS WRITIEN UPON THE FACE OF THE CERTIFICATE, IN EVERY PARTICULAR, WTI HOUT ALTERATION OR ENLARGEMENT,OR ANY CHANGE WHATSOEVER,AND MUST BE GUARANTEED BY A SCHEDULE 1 CANADIAN CHARTERED BANK OR AN ELIGIBLE GUARANTOR INSTITUTION WITH MEMBERSHIP IN AN APPROVED SIGNATURE GUARANTEE MEDALLION PROGRAM. ·aW: ll. Guaranteed by_:. 111111111111111111111111111111111111 IIII 999999 11111111111111111111111W1l11l11111 CERT.9999 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 TIR5405 .. ' • - l • J

 

 

 

Exhibit 4.4

 

MEDICENNA THERAPEUTICS CORP.

2017 STOCK OPTION PLAN

 

1. PURPOSE OF THE PLAN

 

1.1          The purpose of the Plan is to attract, retain and motivate persons of training, experience and leadership as key service providers to the Corporation and its Subsidiaries, including their directors, officers and employees, and to advance the interests of the Corporation by providing such persons with the opportunity, through share options, to acquire an increased proprietary interest in the Corporation.

 

2.DEFINED TERMS

 

Where used herein, the following terms shall have the following meanings, respectively:

 

2.1           “Board” means the board of directors of the Corporation;

 

2.2           “Change of Control” means

 

(a)the acquisition by any Person or Persons acting jointly or in concert (as determined by the Securities Act (Ontario)), whether directly or indirectly, of beneficial ownership of voting securities of the Corporation that, together with all other voting securities of the Corporation held by such Persons, constitute in the aggregate more than 50% of all of the then outstanding voting securities of the Corporation;

 

(b)an amalgamation, arrangement, consolidation, share exchange, take-over bid or other form of business combination of the Corporation with another Person that results in the holders of voting securities of that other Person holding, in the aggregate, more than 50% of all outstanding voting securities of the Person resulting from the business combination;

 

(c)the sale, lease, exchange or other disposition of all or substantially all of the property of the Corporation or any Corporate Group entity to another Person, other than (i) in the ordinary course of business of the Corporation or any Corporate Group entity, or (ii) to the Corporation or any Corporate Group entity;

 

(d)a resolution is adopted to wind-up, dissolve or liquidate the Corporation except in connection with the distribution of assets of the Corporation to a Person that was a Corporate Group entity prior to such event;

 

(e)any transaction at any time and by whatever means pursuant to which the Corporation goes out of existence by any means, except for any corporate transaction or reorganization in which the proportionate voting power among holders of securities of the entity resulting from such corporate transaction or reorganization is substantially the same as the proportionate voting power of such holders of Corporation voting securities immediately prior to such corporate transaction or reorganization; or

 

(f)as a result of, or in connection, with: (i) a contested election of directors of the Corporation, or (B) a consolidation, merger, amalgamation, arrangement or other reorganization or acquisitions involving Corporation or any Corporate Group entity and another Person, the nominees named in the most recent management information circular of the Corporation for election to the Board shall not constitute a majority of the Board.

 

Notwithstanding the foregoing, a transaction or a series of related transactions will not constitute a Change of Control if such transaction(s) result(s) in the Corporation or Corporate Group entity, or any successor to the Corporation’s or Corporate Group entity’s respective business, being controlled, directly or indirectly, by the same Person or Persons who controlled the Corporation or the Corporate Group entity, respectively, directly or indirectly, immediately before such transaction(s).

 

 

 

 

2.3           “Committee” means the compensation committee of the Board (being currently the Compensation Committee);

 

2.4           “Corporation” means Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. and includes any successor corporation thereto;

 

2.5           “Corporate Group” means any of the Corporation’s subsidiaries, related and affiliated corporations, limited partnerships and other business entities and includes any successor corporations or entities thereto;

 

2.6           “Eligible Person” means:

 

(i)a director, officer, employee or Service Provider of the Corporation or any Related Entity (an “Eligible Individual”); or

 

(ii)a permitted assign (a “Permitted Assign”) as such term is defined in NI 45-106 in respect of the Eligible Individual, and includes (a) spouse of the Eligible Individual, (a) a trustee, custodian or administrator acting on behalf of, or for the benefit of, the Eligible Individual or his or her spouse, (b) a holding entity (as such term is defined in NI 45-106) of the Eligible Individual or his or her spouse, or (c) an RRSP, RRIF or TFSA of the Eligible Individual or his or her spouse, and , in the case of Eligible Individuals who are resident outside of Canada or are otherwise subject to the applicable laws outside of Canada, those Persons who are permitted assigns pursuant to such laws;

 

2.7           “Insider” has the meaning set forth in the applicable rules of the TSX;

 

2.8           “Market Price” at any date in respect of the Shares means the closing sale price of such Shares on the TSX on the trading day immediately preceding such date. In the event that such Shares did not trade on such trading day, the Market Price shall be the average of the bid and ask prices in respect of such Shares at the close of trading on such trading day. If no quotation is made for the applicable day, the Market Price on such day shall be determined in the manner set forth in the preceding sentence for the next preceding trading day. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if there is no reported closing price or high bid/low asked price that satisfies the preceding sentences, the Market Price on any day shall be determined by such methods and procedures as shall be established from time to time by the Committee;

 

2.9           “NI 45-106” means National Instrument 45-106: Prospectus Exemptions;

 

2.10         “Option” means an option to purchase Shares granted to an Eligible Individual under the Plan;

 

2.11         “Option Price” means the price per Share at which Shares may be purchased under an Option, as the same may be adjusted from time to time in accordance with Article 9 hereof;

 

2.12         “Optionee” means an Eligible Individual to whom an Option has been granted (or Permitted Assign, if applicable) and who continues to hold such Option;

 

2.13         “Person” means an individual, partnership, limited partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, joint venture, unincorporated association, or other entity or association;

 

2.14         “Plan” means this Stock Option Plan, as the same may be further amended or varied from time to time;

 

2.15         “Related Entity” means the Corporation, a Person that controls or is controlled by the Corporation or that is controlled by the same Person that controls the Corporation;

 

2.16         “RRIF” means a registered retirement income fund as defined in the Income Tax Act (Canada);

 

2.17         “RRSP” means a registered retirement savings plan as defined in the Income Tax Act (Canada);

 

2.18         “Service Provider” means a consultant as such term is defined in NI 45-106 and includes a service provider as such term is defined in clause 613(b) of the TSX Company Manual;

 

-2-

 

 

2.19         “Shares” means the common shares of the Corporation or, in the event of an adjustment contemplated by Article 9 hereof, such other shares or securities to which an Optionee may be entitled upon the exercise of an Option as a result of such adjustment;

 

2.20         “Subsidiaries” has the meaning set forth in NI 45-106;

 

2.21         “TFSA” means a tax-free savings account as described in the Income Tax Act (Canada); and

 

2.22         “TSX” means the Toronto Stock Exchange.

 

3.ADMINISTRATION OF THE PLAN

 

3.1          The Plan shall be administered by the Committee under the supervision of the Board.

 

3.2          The Committee shall recommend to the Board, and the Board shall have the power, where consistent with the general purpose and intent of the Plan and subject to the specific provisions of the Plan and the rules of the TSX:

 

(a)to establish policies and to adopt rules and regulations for carrying out the purposes, provisions and administration of the Plan;

 

(b)to interpret and construe the Plan and to determine all questions arising out of the Plan or any Option, and any such interpretation, construction or determination made by the Committee shall be final, binding and conclusive for all purposes;

 

(c)to determine the number of Shares covered by each Option;

 

(d)to determine the Option Price of each Option;

 

(e)to determine the time or times when Options will be granted and exercisable;

 

(f)to determine if the Shares which are issuable on the exercise of an Option will be subject to any restrictions upon the exercise of such Option; and

 

(g)to prescribe the form of the instruments relating to the grant, exercise and other terms of Options.

 

3.3           Except as provided in this Section 3.3 and subject to Section 5.7, no member of the Committee shall, during the currency of his or her membership on the Committee, be entitled to participate in the Plan. A member of the Committee may be entitled to participate in the Plan only if an Option is granted, and the terms and provisions thereof determined, by the Board without such member of the Committee participating in any way whatsoever in the granting of an Option to, or the determinations made with respect to, such member of the Committee or to such Option; and the Board shall, with respect to such member of the Committee, be vested with all power and authority otherwise granted to the Committee pursuant to the Plan and the term “Committee” as used herein shall mean the Board for such purposes.

 

The Committee may, in its discretion, require as conditions to the grant or exercise of any Option that the Optionee shall have:

 

(a)represented, warranted and agreed in form and substance satisfactory to the Corporation that he or she is acquiring and will acquire such Option and the Shares to be issued upon the exercise thereof or, as the case may be, is acquiring such Shares, for his or her own account, for investment and not with a view to or in connection with any distribution, that he or she has had access to such information as is necessary to enable him or her to evaluate the merits and risks of such investment and that he or she is able to bear the economic risk of holding such Shares for an indefinite period;

 

-3-

 

 

(b)agreed to restrictions on transfer in form and substance satisfactory to the Corporation and to an endorsement on any option agreement on certificate representing the Shares making appropriate reference to such restrictions; and

 

(c)agreed to indemnify the Corporation in connection with the foregoing.

 

3.4           Any Option granted under the Plan shall be subject to the requirement that, if at any time counsel to the Corporation shall determine that the listing, registration or qualification of the Shares subject to such Option upon any securities exchange or under any law or regulation of any jurisdiction, or the consent or approval of any securities exchange or any governmental or regulatory body, is necessary as a condition of, or in connection with, the grant or exercise of such Option or the issuance or purchase of Shares thereunder, such Option may not be accepted or exercised in whole or in part unless such listing, registration, qualification, consent or approval shall have been effected or obtained on conditions acceptable to the Committee. Nothing herein shall be deemed to require the Corporation to apply for or to obtain such listing, registration, qualification, consent or approval.

 

4.SHARES SUBJECT TO THE PLAN

 

4.1           Subject to adjustment as provided in Article 9 hereof, the Shares to be offered under the Plan shall consist of the Corporation’s authorized but unissued Shares. The aggregate number of Shares issuable upon the exercise of all Options granted under the Plan and under all other share compensation arrangements shall not exceed 15% of the issued and outstanding Shares as at the date of grant of each Option under the Plan. If any Option granted hereunder shall expire, terminate for any reason in accordance with the terms of the Plan or be exercised, Shares subject thereto shall again be available for the purpose of this Plan.

 

5.ELIGIBILITY; GRANT; and TERMS OF OPTIONS

 

5.1           Options may be granted to any Eligible Individuals in accordance with Section 5.2 hereof.

 

5.2           Options may be granted by the Corporation pursuant to the recommendations of the Committee from time to time provided and to the extent that such decisions are approved by the Board.

 

5.3           Subject as herein and otherwise specifically provided in this Article 5, the number of Shares subject to each Option, the Option Price of each Option, the expiration date of each Option, the extent to which each Option is exercisable from time to time during the term of the Option and other terms and conditions relating to each such Option shall be determined by the Committee and recommended to the Board.

 

5.4           In the event that no specific determination is made by the Committee with respect to any of the following matters, each Option shall, subject to any other specific provisions of the Plan, contain the following terms and conditions:

 

(a)the term during which an Option shall be exercisable shall be 10 years from the date the Option is granted to the Optionee; and

 

(b)the Shares covered by the Option shall vest as follows: 50% on the first anniversary of the grant, 25% on the second anniversary of the grant and 25% on the third anniversary of the grant. Any or all Shares that have vested may be purchased during the term of the Option.

 

5.5           Subject to any adjustments pursuant to the provisions of Article 9 hereof, the Option Price of any Option shall be in no circumstances lower than the Market Price on the date of which the grant of the Option is approved by the Board. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the event that the Shares are not listed on any stock exchange on the date on which the grant of an Option is approved by the Board, the Option Price for such Option shall be determined by the Board. If, as and when any Shares have been duly purchased and paid for under the terms of an Option, such Shares shall be conclusively deemed allotted and issued as fully paid non-assessable Shares at the price paid therefor.

 

-4-

 

 

5.6           No Options shall be granted to any Optionee if the total number of Shares issuable to such Optionee under this Plan, together with any Shares issuable to such Optionee under options for services or any other share compensation arrangement, would exceed 5% of the issued and outstanding Shares at the date of grant.

 

5.7           An Option is personal to the Optionee and non-assignable (whether by operation of law or otherwise), except as provided for herein. Upon any attempt to transfer, assign, pledge, hypothecate or otherwise dispose of an Option contrary to the provisions of the Plan, or upon the levy of any attachment or similar process upon an Option, the Option shall, at the election of the Corporation, cease and terminate and be of no further force or effect whatsoever. Notwithstanding the foregoing restrictions, Options may be transferred or assigned between an Eligible Individual and the related Permitted Assign provided the assignor delivers notice to the Corporation prior to the assignment substantially in the form of Schedule B attached hereto.

 

5.8          The following Insider participation limits shall apply:

 

(a)The number of Shares issuable to Insiders, at any time, pursuant to the Plan and other share compensation arrangements shall not exceed 10% of the issued and outstanding Shares (on a non-diluted basis); and

 

(b)The number of Shares issued to Insiders, within a one-year period, pursuant to the Plan and other share compensation arrangements shall not exceed 10% of the issued and outstanding Shares (on a non-diluted basis).

 

6.TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT AND DEATH

 

6.1           Subject to Sections 6.2 and 6.3 hereof and to any express resolution passed by the Board with respect to an Option, an Option and all rights to purchase Shares pursuant thereto shall expire and terminate immediately upon the Optionee who holds such Option ceasing to be an Eligible Person.

 

6.2           If, before the expiry of an Option in accordance with the terms thereof, an Optionee shall cease to be an Eligible Person (an “Event of Termination”) for any reason other than his or her resignation or the termination for “cause” of his or her employment with the Corporation or any Related Entity, or his or her resignation or failure to be re-elected as a director of the Corporation or any Related Entity, then the Optionee may:

 

(a)exercise the Option to the extent that he or she was entitled to do so at the time of such Event of Termination, at any time up to and including, but not after, a date that is three (3) months (or such other period as may be determined by the Board in its sole discretion) following the date of such Event of Termination, or prior to the close of business on the expiration date of the Option, whichever is earlier; and

 

(b)with the prior written consent of the Board or the Committee, which consent may be withheld in the Board’s sole discretion, exercise a further Option at any time up to and including, but not after, a date that is three (3) months (or such other period as may be determined by the Board in its sole discretion) following the date of such Event of Termination, or prior to the close of business on the expiration date of the Option, whichever is earlier, to purchase all or any of the Shares as the Board or the Committee may designate but not exceeding the number of Shares the Optionee would have otherwise been entitled to purchase pursuant to the Option had the Optionee’s status as an Eligible Person been maintained for the term of the Option.

 

6.3           Subject to Section 6.2, if an Optionee dies before the expiry of an Option in accordance with the terms thereof, the Optionee’s legal representative(s) may, subject to the terms of the Option and the Plan:

 

(a)exercise the Option to the extent that the Optionee was entitled to do so at the date of his or her death at any time up to and including, but not after, a date one year following the date of death of the Optionee, or prior to the close of business on the expiration date of the Option, whichever is earlier; and

 

-5-

 

 

(b)with the prior written consent of the Board or the Committee, which consent may be withheld in the Board’s sole discretion, exercise a further Option at any time up to and including, but not after, a date one year following the date of death of the Optionee, or prior to the close of business on the expiration date of the Option, whichever is earlier, to purchase all or any of the Shares as the Board or the Committee may designate but not exceeding the number of Shares the Optionee would have otherwise been entitled to purchase had the Optionee survived.

 

6.4           For greater certainty, Options shall not be affected by any change of employment of the Optionee or by the Optionee ceasing to be a director of the Corporation provided that the Optionee continues to be an Eligible Person.

 

6.5           For the purposes of this Article 6, a determination by the Corporation that an Optionee was discharged for “cause” shall be binding on the Optionee; provided, however, that such determination shall not be conclusive of the Optionee’s potential entitlement to damages for the loss of the right to exercise an Option in the event that a court of competent jurisdiction ultimately determines that the discharge was without “cause”.

 

6.6           For the purposes of this Article 6 or Article 8, the date of Event of Termination or Termination Date in the case of termination of employment with the Corporation or any Related Entity shall be the last day upon which the employee provide services to the Corporation or Related Entity, as the case may be, at its premises and not the last day upon which the Corporation or Related Entity pays wages or salaries in lieu of notice of termination, statutory, contractual or otherwise.

 

6.7           If the Optionee is a Permitted Assign, the references to the Optionee in this Article 6 shall be deemed to refer to the Eligible Individual associated with the Permitted Assign.

 

7.EXERCISE OF OPTIONS

 

7.1           Subject to the provisions of the Plan, an Option may be exercised from time to time by delivery to the Corporation at its registered office of a written notice of exercise addressed to the Secretary of the Corporation specifying the number of Shares with respect to which the Option is being exercised and, subject to Section 7.4 hereof, accompanied by payment in full, by cash or cheque, of the aggregate Option Price of the Shares then being purchased. Certificates for such Shares shall be issued and delivered to the Optionee within a reasonable time following the receipt of such notice and payment.

 

7.2           Notwithstanding any of the provisions contained in the Plan or in any Option, the Corporation’s obligation to issue Shares to an Optionee pursuant to the exercise of any Option shall be subject to:

 

(a)completion of such registration or other qualification of such Shares or obtaining approval of such governmental or regulatory authority as the Corporation shall determine to be necessary or advisable in connection with the authorization, issuance or sale thereof;

 

(b)the administration of such Shares to listing on any stock exchange on which the Shares may then be listed;

 

(c)the receipt from the Optionee of such representations, warranties, agreements and undertakings, as the Corporation determines to be necessary or advisable in order to safeguard against the violation of the securities laws of any jurisdiction; and

 

(d)the satisfaction of any conditions on exercise prescribed pursuant to Section 3.4 hereof.

 

In this connection the Corporation shall, to the extent necessary, take all commercially reasonable steps to obtain such approvals, registrations, and qualifications as may be necessary for the issuance of such Shares in compliance with applicable securities laws and for the listing of such Shares on any stock exchange on which the Shares are then listed.

 

7.3           Options shall be evidenced by a share option agreement, instrument or certificate in such form not inconsistent with this Plan as the Committee may from time to time determine as provided for under Subsection 3.2(g), provided that the substance of Article 5 be included therein.

 

-6-

 

 

7.4           Any Optionee may elect to effect a cashless exercise of any or all of such Optionee’s right under an Option. In connection with any such cashless exercise, the Optionee shall be entitled to receive, without any cash payment (other than the taxes required to be paid in connection with the exercise which must be paid by the Optionee to the Corporation in cash at the time of exercise), such number of whole Shares (rounded down to the nearest whole number) obtained pursuant to the following formula:

 

x      =       [a (b – c)]

     b

 

where

 

x      =      the number of whole Shares to be issued

 

a      =      the number of Shares under Option

 

b      =      the Market Price of the Shares on the date of the cashless exercise

 

c      =      the Option Price of the Option

 

In connection with any such cashless exercise, the full number of Shares issuable (item (a) in the formula) shall be considered to have been issued for the purposes of the reduction in the number of Shares which may be issued under the Plan.

 

7.5           In the event that the expiry of an Option occurs during a blackout period imposed by management or the Board in accordance with the Corporation’s insider trading policy, the expiry date of such Option shall be deemed to be amended to that date which is ten business days following the end of such blackout period (the “Blackout Period Extension”).

 

7.6           If the Corporation is required under the Income Tax Act (Canada) or any other applicable law to remit to any governmental authority an amount on account of tax on the value of any taxable benefit associated with the exercise or disposition of Options by an Optionee, then the Optionee shall, concurrently with the exercise or disposition:

 

(a)pay to the Corporation, in addition to the exercise price for the Options, if applicable, sufficient cash as is determined by the Corporation to be the amount necessary to fund the required tax remittance;

 

(b)authorize the Corporation, on behalf of the Optionee, to sell in the market on such terms and at such time or times as the Corporation determines such portion of the Shares being issued upon exercise of the Options as is required to realize cash proceeds in the amount necessary to fund the required tax remittance; or

 

(c)make other arrangements acceptable to the Corporation to fund the required tax remittance.

 

8.CHANGE OF CONTROL

 

8.1           In the event of a Change of Control, notwithstanding anything in the Plan to the contrary, if the employment of an Optionee is terminated by the Corporation or a Corporate Group entity without cause or if the Optionee resigns in circumstances constituting constructive dismissal by the Corporation or the Corporate Group entity, respectively, in each case, within twelve months (or such other period as determined by the Board in its sole discretion) following a Change of Control with respect to the Corporation or the Corporate Group entity, respectively (such date being the “Termination Date”), all or any of the Optionee’s Options will vest immediately prior to the Termination Date (or such later period as determined by the Board in its sole discretion), subject to any performance conditions which shall be dealt with at the discretion of the Board. All vested Options may be exercised until 90 days (or such other period as may be determined by the Board in its sole discretion) following the Termination Date (but until the normal expiry date of the Option rights of such Optionee, if earlier). Upon the expiration of such period, all unexercised Option rights of that Optionee shall immediately become terminated and shall lapse notwithstanding the original term of the Option granted to such Optionee under the Plan.

 

-7-

 

 

8.2           In the event of a Change of Control, notwithstanding anything in the Plan to the contrary, any surviving, successor or acquiring entity will assume any outstanding Options or will substitute similar awards for the outstanding Options. If the surviving, successor or acquiring entity is a “private issuer” (as such term is defined in NI 45-106”) or does not have any securities listed on an established securities exchange, does not assume the outstanding Options or substitute similar awards for the outstanding Options, or if the Board otherwise determines in its sole discretion and subject to the rules of the TSX, the Corporation will give written notice to all Optionees advising that the Plan will be terminated effective immediately prior to the Change of Control and all Options will be deemed to be vested Options, and may provide for the exercise of Options and tender of Shares in connection with the Change of Control and may otherwise provide for the cash out or termination of Options that are not exercised within a specified period of time.

 

9.CERTAIN ADJUSTMENTS

 

9.1           Subject to the provisions of Article 10, in the event of any subdivision or redivision of the Shares into a greater number of Shares at any time after the grant of an Option to any Optionee and prior to the expiration of the term of such Option, the Corporation shall deliver to such Optionee at the time of any subsequent exercise of his or her Option in accordance with the terms hereof, in lieu of the number of Shares to which he or she was theretofore entitled upon such exercise, but for the same aggregate consideration payable therefor, such number of Shares as such Optionee would have held as a result of such subdivision or redivision if, on the record date thereof, the Optionee had been the registered holder of the number of Shares to which he or she was theretofore entitled upon such exercise.

 

9.2           Subject to the provisions of Article 10, in the event of any consolidation of the Shares into a lesser number of Shares at any time after the grant of an Option to any Optionee and prior to the expiration of the term of such Option, the Corporation shall deliver to such Optionee at the time of any subsequent exercise of his or her Option in accordance with the terms hereof, in lieu of the number of Shares to which he or she was theretofore entitled upon such exercise, but for the same aggregate consideration payable therefor, such number of Shares as such Optionee would have held as a result of such consolidation if, on the record date thereof, the Optionee had been the registered holder of the number of Shares to which he or she was theretofore entitled upon such exercise.

 

9.3           Subject to the provisions of Article 8 and 10, if at any time after the grant of any Option to an Optionee and prior to the expiration of the term of such Option, (i) the Shares shall be reclassified, reorganized or otherwise changed, otherwise than as specified in Sections 9.1 and 9.2, (ii) the Corporation shall consolidate, merge or amalgamate with or into another corporation (the corporation resulting or continuing from such consolidation, merger or amalgamation being herein called the “Successor Corporation”), or (iii) the Corporation shall pay a stock dividend (other than any dividends in the ordinary course), the Optionee shall be entitled to receive upon the subsequent exercise of his or her Option in accordance with the terms hereof and shall accept in lieu of the number of Shares to which he or she was theretofore entitled upon such exercise but for the same aggregate consideration payable therefor, the aggregate number of shares of the appropriate class and/or other securities of the Corporation or the Successor Corporation (as the case may be) that the Optionee would have been entitled to receive as a result of such reclassification, reorganization or other change or as a result of such consolidation, merger, amalgamation or stock dividend, if on the record date of such reclassification, reorganization, other change, consolidation, merger, amalgamation or dividend payment, as the case may be, he or she had been the registered holder of the number of Shares to which he or she was theretofore entitled upon such exercise.

 

10.AMENDMENT OR DISCONTINUANCE OF THE PLAN

 

10.1         Subject to applicable regulatory requirements, including the rules of the TSX, and except as provided herein, the Board may, in its sole and absolute discretion and without shareholder approval, amend, suspend, terminate or discontinue the Plan and may amend the terms and conditions of Options granted pursuant to the Plan.

 

10.2        Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Board may make the following amendments to the Plan, without obtaining shareholder approval:

 

(a)amendments to the terms and conditions of the Plan necessary to ensure that the Plan complies with the applicable regulatory requirements, including the rules of the TSX, in place from time to time;

 

(b)amendments to the provisions of the Plan respecting administration of the Plan and eligibility for participation under the Plan;

 

(c)amendments to the provisions of the Plan respecting the terms and conditions on which Options may be granted pursuant to the Plan, including the provisions relating to the term of the Option and the vesting schedule; and

 

(d)amendments to the Plan that are of a “housekeeping” nature.

 

-8-

 

 

10.3         Notwithstanding anything to the contrary herein, the Board may not, without the approval of the Corporation’s shareholders, make amendments with respect to the following:

 

(a)an increase to the Plan maximum or the number of securities issuable under the Plan;

 

(b)reduction in the Option Price of an Option benefitting an Insider;

 

(c)extension to the term of Options (other than as a result of a Blackout Period Extension) benefitting an Insider;

 

(d)any amendment which would permit Options granted under the Plan to be transferable or assignable other than as set forth in Section 5.7 hereof and for normal estate settlement purposes;

 

(e)changes to the Insider participation limits set out in Section 5.8; and

 

(f)amendments to the Plan amendment provisions.

 

11.MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

 

11.1        An Optionee shall not have any rights as a shareholder of the Corporation with respect to any of the Shares covered by such Option until the date of issuance of Shares upon the exercise of such Option, in full or in part, and then only with respect to the issued Shares. Without in any way limiting the generality of the foregoing, no adjustment shall be made for dividends or other rights for which the record date is prior to the date the Options are exercised.

 

11.2         Nothing in the Plan or any Option shall confer upon an Optionee any right to continue or be re-elected as a director of the Corporation or any right to continue in the employ of the Corporation or any Related Entity, or affect in any way the right of the Corporation or any Related Entity to terminate his or her employment at any time; nor shall anything in the Plan or any Option be deemed or construed to constitute an agreement, or an expression of intent, on the part of the Corporation or any Related Entity to extend the employment of any Optionee beyond the time which he or she would be normally be retired pursuant to the provisions of any present or future retirement plan of the Corporation or any Related Entity or any present or future retirement policy of the Corporation or any Related Entity, or beyond the time at which he or she would otherwise be retired pursuant to the provisions of any contract of employment with the Corporation or any Related Entity.

 

11.3        The Plan and all matters to which reference is made herein shall be governed by and interpreted in accordance with the laws of the Province of Ontario and the laws of Canada applicable therein.

 

-9-

 

 

12.SHAREHOLDER AND REGULATORY APPROVAL

 

12.1         If applicable, the Plan shall be subject to ratification by the shareholders of the Corporation to be effected by a resolution passed at a meeting of the shareholders of the Corporation, and to acceptance by the TSX and any other relevant regulatory authority. Any Options granted prior to such ratification and acceptance shall be conditional upon such ratification and acceptance being given and no such Options may be exercised unless and until such ratification and acceptance are given.

 

-10-

 

 

  Schedule A  
 
  FORM OF OPTION AGREEMENT  
     
Optionee:    
  Name  
     
     
   
     
     
     
Address  
 
Grant:    
  Maximum Number of Shares issuable upon exercise
  of the Option
 

Option Price:      $                  per Share

 

Date of Grant:                                       , 20____

 

Expiry Date:                                          , 20____

 

Vesting Schedule:

 

Instalment Date of Vesting
(Milestone)
Number of
Shares Vested
Cumulative Number of Shares Vested
1      
2      
3      

 

This Option Agreement is made under and is subject in all respects to the Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. 2017 Stock Option Plan (as the same may be supplemented and amended from time to time) (the “Plan”), and the Plan is deemed to be incorporated in and to be part of this Option Agreement. The Optionee is deemed to have notice of and to be bound by all of the terms and provisions of the Plan (as supplemented and amended), as if the Plan were set forth in full herein (including the restrictions on transfer of the Options and Shares issuable upon exercise thereof). In the event of any inconsistency between the terms of this Option Agreement and the Plan, the terms of this Option Agreement shall prevail to the extent that it is not inconsistent with the requirements of the TSX. The Plan contains certain provisions relating to termination and transfer. All capitalized terms not otherwise defined herein shall have the meaning ascribed thereto in the Plan.

 

 

 

This Option Agreement evidences that the Optionee named above is entitled, subject to and in accordance with the Plan, to purchase up to but not more than the maximum number of Shares set out above at the Option Price set out above upon delivery of an exercise form as annexed hereto as Exhibit 1 duly completed and accompanied by certified cheque or bank draft for the aggregate Option Price.

 

This Option Agreement is not effective until countersigned on behalf of Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. and accepted by the Optionee.

 

Dated: ______________________ , 20___

 

  MEDICENNA THERAPEUTICS CORP.
 
  By:  
    Name:
    Title:
    (Authorized Signatory)

 

Accepted: ______________________ , 20___

 

________________________________

Signature of Optionee

 

A-2

 

 

Exhibit 1

 

NOTICE OF EXERCISE

 

To exercise the Option, complete and return this form:

 

The undersigned Optionee or his or her legal representative(s) permitted under the Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. 2017 Stock Option Plan (as the same may be supplemented and amended from time to time) (the “Plan”) hereby irrevocably elects to exercise the Option for the number of Shares as set forth below:

 

  (a) Number of Options to be Exercised:  
       
  (b) Option Price per Share:  
       
  (c) Aggregate Purchase Price  

 

[ (a) multiplied by (b) ]:

 

and hereby tenders a certified cheque or bank draft for such aggregate Option Price, and directs such Shares to be issued and registered as directed below, all subject to and in accordance with the Plan. Unless they are otherwise defined herein, any defined terms used herein shall have the meaning ascribed to such terms in the Plan.

 

Dated:____________,20_____      
    )  
    )  
    )  
    ) Name of Optionee
    )  
    )  
Witness to the Signature of:   )  
    ) Signature of Optionee
    )  
       
       
Direction as to Registration:      
       
       
       
Name of Registered Holder      
       
       
       
Address of Registered Holder      
       

 

A -3

 

 

Schedule B

 

NOTICE OF TRANSFER

 

To transfer an Option, complete and return this form along with an original option agreement

 

The undersigned Optionee under the Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. 2017 Stock Option Plan (as the same may be supplemented and amended from time to time) (the “Plan”) hereby irrevocably elects to transfer the Option evidenced by the attached Option Agreement to the following person(s), each of whom the Optionee hereby certifies is a permitted transferee in accordance with Section 10.3 of the Plan (each an “Eligible Transferee”):

 

Direction as to Registration:    
  Name of Registered Holder  
     
     
     
  Address of Registered Holder  

 

The undersigned Optionee hereby directs such Option(s) to be registered in the names of such Eligible Transferee(s). Unless they are otherwise defined herein, any defined terms used herein shall have the meaning ascribed to such terms in the Plan.

 

Dated:___________,20___      
    )  
    )  
    )  
    )  
Witness to the Signature of:   ) Name of Optionee
    )  
    )  

 

 

Exhibit 5.1

 

 

McCarthy Tétrault LLP

500, Grande Allée Est, 9e étage
Québec, QC  G1R 2J7
Canada

Tel: 418-521-3000

Fax: 418-521-3099

   
 

 

July 31, 2020

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.
2 Bloor Street West, 7th Floor
Toronto, Ontario M4W 3E2
Canada

 

Re: Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. – Registration Statement on Form S-8

 

Ladies and Gentlemen:

 

At your request, we have examined the form of Registration Statement on Form S-8 (the “Registration Statement”) being filed by Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. (the “Company”), dated as of July 31, 2020, with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission in connection with the registration under the United States Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Act”), of 7,322,239 common shares of the Company (the “Option Shares”), issuable under the Company’s 2017 Stock Option Plan (the “Stock Option Plan”).

 

For the purpose of this opinion, we have made such investigations and examined the originals, or duplicate, certified, conformed, facsimiled or photostatic copies of such corporate records, agreements, documents and other instruments and have made such other investigations as we have considered necessary or relevant for the purposes of this opinion. We have also examined originals or copies, certified or otherwise identified to our satisfaction, of such records of the Company and such agreements, certificates of public officials, certificates of officers, or other representatives of the Company, and such other documents as we have deemed necessary or appropriate as a basis for the opinion set forth herein.

 

In our examination, we have assumed the legal capacity of all natural persons, the genuineness of all signatures, the authenticity of all documents submitted to us as originals, the conformity to original documents of all documents submitted to us as certified, conformed, photostatic, electronic, or facsimile copies and the authenticity of the originals of such documents. In making our examination of executed documents or documents which may be executed, we have assumed that the parties thereto, other than the Company, had or will have the power, corporate or other, to enter into and perform all obligations thereunder and have also assumed the due authorization by all requisite action, corporate or other, and execution and delivery by such parties, of such documents and that such documents constitute or will constitute valid and binding obligations of the parties thereto.

 

In connection with our opinions expressed below, we have assumed that, at or prior to the time of the issuance of any such Option Shares, the authorization to issue the Option Shares pursuant to the Stock Option Plan will not have been modified or rescinded by the Board of Directors of the Company and there will not have occurred any change in law affecting the validity or enforceability of such issuance of Option Shares. We have also assumed that neither the issuance of the Option Shares, nor the compliance by the Company with the terms of the Stock Option Plan, will violate any applicable federal, provincial or state law or will result in a violation of any provision of any instrument or agreement then binding upon the Company or any restriction imposed by any court or governmental body having jurisdiction over the Company.

 

 

 

 page 2

 

This opinion is limited to the federal laws of Canada (the “Applicable Law”) and we do not express any opinion on any laws other than the Applicable Law.

 

Based upon and subject to the foregoing, as of the date hereof, we are of the opinion that the Option Shares will, at the time of their issuance upon the due and proper exercise of options granted under the Stock Option Plan in accordance with the terms of the Stock Option Plan, be validly issued and outstanding as fully paid and non-assessable common shares of the Company.

 

We consent to the use of this opinion as an exhibit to the Registration Statement. In giving this consent, we do not thereby admit that we are in the category of persons whose consent is required under the Act or the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.

 

This opinion is expressed as of the date hereof unless otherwise expressly stated, and we disclaim any undertaking to advise you of any subsequent changes of the facts stated or assumed herein or any subsequent changes in the Applicable Law.

 

This opinion is provided solely for the benefit of the addressee of this opinion in connection with the filing of the Registration Statement. This opinion may not be relied upon by anyone else or used for any other purpose without our prior written consent.

 

Yours truly,

 

/s/ McCarthy Tétrault LLP

 

 

 

Exhibit 23.2

 

 

 

CONSENT OF Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

 

 

We consent to the incorporation by reference in this Registration Statement on Form S-8 of Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. of our report dated May 14, 2020, relating to the consolidated financial statements of Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. as at and for the years ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, which is incorporated by reference in such Registration Statement.

 

 

“DAVIDSON & COMPANY LLP”

 

Vancouver, Canada Chartered Professional Accountants
   
July 31, 2020  

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 99.1

 

 

ANNUAL INFORMATION FORM

 

FOR THE YEAR ENDED MARCH 31, 2020

 

www.medicenna.com

 

Unless otherwise indicated, all information in the Annual Information Form

is presented as at and for the year ended March 31, 2020

 

May 14, 2020

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INTRODUCTION AND FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS   1
     
Corporate structure   4
     
GENERAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE BUSINESS   5
     
narrative description of the Business   10
     
RISK FACTORS   38
     
DIVIDENDS   54
     
SHARE CAPITAL   54
     
MARKET FOR SECURITIES   55
     
BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND MANAGEMENT   55
     
CEASE TRADE ORDERS, BANKRUPTCIES, PENALTIES OR SANCTIONS   59
     
CONFLICTS OF INTEREST   60
     
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS and regulatory actions   60
     
INTEREST OF MANAGEMENT AND OTHERS IN MATERIAL TRANSACTIONS   60
     
TRANSFER AGENT   60
     
MATERIAL CONTRACTS   61
     
INTEREST OF EXPERTS   61
     
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION   61
     
Schedule A audit committee information   62
     
Appendix 1 AUDIT COMMITTEE CHARTER   64

 

 

 

INTRODUCTION AND FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

The information contained in this Annual Information Form (this “AIF”) is stated as at March 31, 2020, unless otherwise indicated.

 

All references in this AIF to “the Company”, “Medicenna”, “we”, “us”, or “our” refer to Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. and the subsidiaries through which it conducts its business, unless otherwise indicated.

 

All amounts are in Canadian dollars, unless otherwise indicated.

 

This AIF contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of applicable securities laws. These statements involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors which may cause the actual results, performance or achievements of the Company, or industry results, to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. All statements contained herein that are not clearly historical in nature are forward-looking, and the words such as “plan”, “expect”, “is expected”, “budget”, “scheduled”, “estimate”, “forecast”, “contemplate”, “intend”, “anticipate”, or “believe” or variations (including negative variations) of such words and phrases, or statements that certain actions, events or results “may”, “could”, “would”, “might”, “shall” or “will” be taken, occur or be achieved and similar expressions are generally intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this AIF include, but are not limited to, statements with respect to the Company’s:

 

·requirements for, and the ability to obtain, future funding on favourable terms or at all;

·business strategy;

·expected future loss and accumulated deficit levels;

·projected financial position and estimated cash burn rate;

·expectations about the timing of achieving milestones and the cost of the Company’s development programs;

·observations and expectations regarding the effectiveness of MDNA55 and the potential benefits to patients;

·expectations about the Company’s products’ safety and efficacy;

·expectations regarding the Company’s ability to arrange for the manufacturing of the Company’s products and technologies;

·expectations regarding the progress, and the successful and timely completion, of the various stages of the regulatory approval process;

·ability to secure strategic partnerships with larger pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies;

·strategy to acquire and develop new products and technologies and to enhance the safety and efficacy of existing products and technologies;

·plans to market, sell and distribute the Company’s products and technologies;

·expectations regarding the acceptance of the Company’s products and technologies by the market;

·ability to retain and access appropriate staff, management, and expert advisers;

·expectations with respect to existing and future corporate alliances and licensing transactions with third parties, and the receipt and timing of any payments to be made by the Company or to the Company in respect of such arrangements; and

·strategy with respect to the protection of the Company’s intellectual property.

 

 

 

All forward-looking statements reflect the Company’s beliefs and assumptions based on information available at the time the assumption was made. These forward-looking statements are not based on historical facts but rather on management’s expectations regarding future activities, results of operations, performance, future capital and other expenditures (including the amount, nature and sources of funding thereof), competitive advantages, business prospects and opportunities. By its nature, forward-looking information involves numerous assumptions, inherent risks and uncertainties, both general and specific, known and unknown, that contribute to the possibility that the predictions, forecasts, projections or other forward-looking statements will not occur. Factors which could cause future outcomes to differ materially from those set forth in the forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to:

 

·the effect of continuing operating losses on the Company’s ability to obtain, on satisfactory terms, or at all, the capital required to maintain the Company as a going concern;

·the ability to obtain sufficient and suitable financing to support operations, preclinical development, clinical trials, and commercialization of products;

·the risks associated with the development of novel compounds at early stages of development in the Company’s intellectual property portfolio;

·the risks of reliance on third-parties for the planning, conduct and monitoring of clinical trials and for the manufacture of drug product;

·the risks associated with the development of the Company’s product candidates including the demonstration of efficacy and safety;

·the risks related to clinical trials including potential delays, cost overruns and the failure to demonstrate efficacy and safety;

·the risks of delays and inability to complete clinical trials due to difficulties enrolling patients;

·risks associated with the Company’s inability to successfully develop companion diagnostics for the Company’s development candidates;

·delays or negative outcomes from the regulatory approval process;

·the Company’s ability to successfully compete in the Company’s targeted markets;

·the Company’s ability to attract and retain key personnel, collaborators and advisors;

·risks relating to the increase in operating costs from expanding existing programs, acquisition of additional development programs and increased staff;

·risk of negative results of clinical trials or adverse safety events by the Company or others related to the Company’s product candidates;

·the potential for product liability claims;

·the Company’s ability to achieve the Company’s forecasted milestones and timelines on schedule;

·financial risks related to the fluctuation of foreign currency rates and expenses denominated in foreign currencies;

·the Company’s ability to adequately protect proprietary information and technology from competitors;

·risks related to changes in patent laws and their interpretations;

·the Company’s ability to source and maintain licenses from third-party owners; and

·the risk of patent-related litigation and the ability to protect trade secrets,

 

all as further and more fully described under the section of this AIF titled “Risk Factors”. Although the Company has attempted to identify important factors that could cause actual actions, events or results to differ materially from those described in forward-looking statements, there may be other factors that cause actions, events or results to differ from those anticipated, estimated or intended.

 

2

 

 

The forward looking information in this AIF does not include a full assessment or reflection of the unprecedented impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic occurring in the first quarter of 2020 and the ongoing and developing resulting indirect global and regional economic impacts. The Company is currently experiencing uncertainty related to the rapidly developing COVID-19 situation. It is anticipated that the spread of COVID-19 and global measures to contain it, will have an impact on the Company, however it is challenging to quantify the potential magnitude of such impact at this time. The Company is regularly assessing the situation and remains in contact with its partners, clinical sites and investigators, contract research organizations, contract development and manufacturing organizations and suppliers to assess any impacts and risks.

 

Although the forward-looking statements contained in this AIF are based upon what the Company’s management believes to be reasonable assumptions, the Company cannot assure readers that actual results will be consistent with these forward-looking statements.

 

Any forward-looking statements represent the Company’s estimates only as of the date of this AIF and should not be relied upon as representing the Company’s estimates as of any subsequent date. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statement or statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events, except as may be required by securities laws.

 

3

 

 

Corporate structure

 

Corporate Information

 

Medicenna, formerly A2 Acquisition Corp. (“A2”), is the resulting issuer following a “three-cornered” amalgamation involving A2, 1102209 B.C. Ltd. (“A2 Sub”), a wholly owned subsidiary of A2 incorporated pursuant to the Business Corporations Act (British Columbia) (“BCBCA”), and Medicenna Therapeutics Inc. (“MTI”), completed on March 1, 2017.

 

A2 was formed by articles of incorporation under the Business Corporations Act (Alberta) (“ABCA”) on February 2, 2015, and following its initial public offering, was a capital pool company (“CPC”) listed on the TSX Venture Exchange (“TSXV”). As a CPC, A2 had no assets other than cash and did not carry on any operations other than identifying and evaluating opportunities for the acquisition of an interest in assets or businesses for the completion of a qualifying transaction.

 

On March 1, 2017, A2 completed its qualifying transaction in accordance with the policies of the TSXV by way of reverse takeover of A2 by the shareholders of MTI (the “Qualifying Transaction”). In addition, on March 1, 2017 and prior to the completion of the Qualifying Transaction, the Company amended its articles as a result of (a) implementing a consolidation (the “Consolidation”) of its pre-Qualifying Transaction common shares (the “A2 Shares”) on the basis of one new common share of the Company (each, a “Common Share”) for every fourteen A2 Shares (1:14) and (b) changing its name to Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

 

On August 2, 2017 Medicenna graduated to the main board of the Toronto Stock Exchange (“TSX”). On November 13, 2017, Medicenna continued under the Canada Business Corporations Act (“CBCA”).

 

Medicenna’s head and registered office is located at 2 Bloor Street W, 7th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3E2.

 

Intercorporate Relationships

 

MTI is a wholly owned subsidiary of Medicenna and was incorporated pursuant to the provisions of the BCBCA on October 31, 2011. MTI has two wholly owned subsidiaries: Medicenna Biopharma Inc. (British Columbia) and Medicenna Biopharma Inc. (Delaware). MTI’s head office is located at 2 Bloor Street W, 7th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3E2, and its registered office is at 439 Helmcken Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6B 2E6.

 

Medicenna Biopharma Inc. (British Columbia) was incorporated under the BCBCA on October 5, 2012. Its registered office is located at 439 Helmcken Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6B 2E6 and its head office is at 2 Bloor Street W, 7th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, M4W 3E2.

 

Medicenna Biopharma Inc. (Delaware) was incorporated in the State of Delaware on July 1, 2014. Its registered office is located at 1209 Orange Street, Wilmington, New Castle County, Delaware 19801 and its head office is at 1700 Post Oak Blvd, Suite 600, Houston, Texas 77056.

 

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The following organizational chart demonstrates the corporate structure of the Company:

 

 

GENERAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE BUSINESS

 

Year ended March 31, 2018

 

In April 2017, the Company announced that it had treated the first patient in its Phase 2b clinical trial of MDNA55 for the treatment of recurrent glioblastoma (“rGBM”).

 

On August 1, 2017, the Common Shares graduated to the main board of the TSX, the premier stock exchange in Canada.

 

On October 10, 2017, new clinical data were presented by John H. Sampson, MD, PhD, Robert H. and Gloria Wilkins Distinguished Professor and Chair of Neurosurgery at Duke University at the 2017 Congress of Neurological Surgeons (“CNS”) (Boston, MA), demonstrating successful delivery in brain cancer patients and a reassuring safety profile for MDNA55 as well as a substantially higher proportion of the target tissue being covered then in previous similar trials. In some cases, close to 100% of the tumor and the 1 cm margin around it (at risk for tumor spread) had been successfully covered.

 

On October 18, 2017, the Common Shares were quoted for trading on the OTC marketplace under the symbol "MDNAF".

 

In November 2017, further drug distribution and safety data were presented by Dr. Krystof Bankiewicz, MD, PhD, Kinetics Foundation Chair in Translational Research and Professor in Residence of Neurological Surgery at the University of California San Francisco, at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuro-Oncology (“SNO”) (San Francisco, CA), on the first 15 patients in the study confirming earlier results presented at the CNS.

 

In October 2017, Medicenna was issued a U.S. Patent related to our Superkine platform. U.S. Patent 9,738,696, issued to Leland Stanford Junior University (“Stanford”) and licensed exclusively to Medicenna, covers the composition of engineered IL-4 Superkines.

 

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Year ended March 31, 2019

 

On May 2, 2018, Medicenna announced that half of the patients in the ongoing Phase 2b study of MDNA55 in rGBM had been recruited and the data demonstrated solid safety results and early signals of efficacy based on the findings of the Safety Review and Clinical Advisory Committees, comprised of key opinion leaders and study investigators. Following the recruitment milestone, the protocol was amended to implement optimal methodologies for treatment of the remaining patients.

 

On August 2, 2018, Medicenna announced preliminary preclinical data on MDNA109, the only interleukin-2 (“IL-2”) in development with high affinity to the CD122 receptor to boost cancer fighting T cells, showing that fusions of MDNA109 with inactive protein scaffolds are long-acting and provide the convenience of easier dosing without sacrificing its safety and efficacy.

 

On August 10, 2018, Medicenna received US$1,219,871 from the Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas (“CPRIT”) for the reimbursement of previously incurred expenses.

 

On October 22, 2018, the Company presented results and participated in a poster discussion session at the European Society for Medical Oncology (“ESMO”) Congress held in Munich. Based on interim data from patients treated at low doses implemented during the first half of the Phase 2b study of MDNA55, the presentation highlighted the benefits of using advanced imaging modalities in order to help tumor response evaluation and identify pseudo-progression in some patients which ultimately translates into tumor shrinkage, and potential treatment benefit.

 

On October 31, 2018, Medicenna provided an interim update from the ongoing Phase 2b clinical trial of MDNA55 for the treatment of rGBM. These results were superseded by data reported at subsequent dates.

 

On December 5, 2018, Medicenna received a US$1.2 million reimbursement of past expenses from CPRIT.

 

On December 21, 2018, the Company closed a short-form prospectus offering of 4,000,000 units for gross proceeds of $4,000,000. Each such unit was issued at a price of $1.00 per unit and consisted of one Common Share and one-half common share purchase warrant of the Company. Each whole warrant entitles the holder to purchase one Common Share at an exercise price of $1.20 until December 21, 2023. In addition, 280,000 broker warrants, allowing holders to acquire one Common Share at an exercise price of $1.20 until December 21, 2020, were issued pursuant to the offering.

 

On February 6, 2019, Dr. Moutih Rafei, PhD (Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, Université de Montréal), presented new results on MDNA109 and its long acting variants. The presentation outlined that MDNA109 (a) is an engineered IL-2 Superkine exhibiting 1000-fold enhanced affinity toward the CD122 receptor, (b) has best-in-class potency toward cancer killing effector T cells, (c) was not immunogenic in-vivo and (d) potently synergized with anti-PD-1 or anti-CTLA-4 checkpoint inhibitors to eliminate tumors in the majority of tumor-bearing mice.

 

On February 7, 2019 Medicenna presented new clinical study results in a podium presentation entitled “The IL4 Receptor as a Biomarker and Immunotherapeutic Target for Glioblastoma: Preliminary Evidence with MDNA55, a Locally Administered IL-4 Guided Toxin”, by John H. Sampson, MD, PhD, Robert H. and Gloria Wilkins Distinguished Professor and Chair of Neurosurgery at Duke University, during the 5th Annual Immuno-Oncology 360o Conference held in New York, NY. These data were subsequently updated as described below.

 

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Year ended March 31, 2020

 

On April 30, 2019, the Company announced completion of enrolment in the MDNA55 Phase 2b clinical study for the treatment of rGBM.

 

On May 1, 2019, Medicenna received US$757,940 from CPRIT for reimbursement of past expenses.

 

On June 3, 2019, a poster entitled “MDNA55: A Locally Administered IL4 Guided Toxin as a Targeted Treatment for Recurrent Glioblastoma” was presented at the 55th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (“ASCO”) held in Chicago, IL. The presentation by Dr. Dina Randazzo, of Duke University School of Medicine and a Principal Investigator, focused on the development of a new biomarker test for the interleukin-4 receptor (“IL4R”) that may enable better selection and superior treatment outcomes for patients with rGBM.

 

On June 18, 2019, Dr. Fahar Merchant presented results from the Phase 2b MDNA55 clinical trial for rGBM at the Inaugural Immuno-Oncology Pharma Congress in Boston, MA. The presentation highlighted disease control in up to 83% of the patients, according to immunotherapy Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (“iRANO”) criteria, which measure tumor response relative to the largest tumor size post-treatment (nadir). In addition, safety data from the Phase 2b clinical trial showed a similar safety profile to previous MDNA55 trials, with no systemic toxicities, no clinically significant laboratory abnormalities and no drug-related deaths.

 

On June 20, 2019, Medicenna presented a poster entitled “Engineering a long-acting CD122 biased IL-2 superkine displaying potent anti-tumoral responses”. The presentation by Dr. Moutih Rafei, Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, Université de Montréal, highlighted that MDNA109-LA (a precursor of MDNA19) when combined with checkpoint inhibitors (a) demonstrated durable tumor control with strong memory response; (b) enhancing activation of naive CD8 T cells and natural killer (“NK”) cells (responsible for attacking tumor cells) and (c) attained long term tumor control with fewer treatment cycles and a less frequent dosing regimen.

 

On June 26, 2019, the Company reported preclinical data on MDNA55 which showed promising results in ovarian cancer models.

 

On July 9, 2019, Medicenna announced the receipt of US$1,915,372 from CPRIT reimbursement of past expenses.

 

On July 31, 2019, the Company announced the selection of MDNA19 (formerly, MDNA109-LA1) as our second immuno-oncology clinical candidate for the treatment of cancer. MDNA19 is a best-in-class long-acting IL-2 developed from our Superkine platform that has shown unique ability to selectively stimulate cancer killing immune cells without the limitations seen with other long-acting IL-2 programs.

 

On September 24, 2019, Medicenna announced the appointment of Ms. Karen Dawes to our Board of Directors. Ms. Dawes is an experienced and highly regarded leader in the life sciences industry with extensive strategic expertise and considerable commercial background.

 

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On September 25, 2019, the Company presented updated efficacy results from the Phase 2b clinical trial (MDNA55-05) in the first 33 rGBM patients enrolled in the study. MDNA55 is a potent immunotherapy agent, as it potently targets the IL4R, which is overexpressed in glioblastoma (“GBM”), as well as non-cancerous cells that make up the brain tumor microenvironment (“TME”). The data imply that targeting the TME, particularly in GBM, is critical where almost half of the tumor mass is made up of the TME – a cancer swamp that hides the tumor from the immune system. The TME is emerging as one of the key reasons why glioblastoma is extremely aggressive, and continues to be one of the most difficult cancers to treat. Since MDNA55 can simultaneously kill both the tumor cells and the TME by targeting the IL4R, the results to date indicate that MDNA55 could emerge as a new treatment for this deadly disease.

 

On September 26, 2019, Medicenna announced the publication of a peer-reviewed article in the August 2019 edition of Nature Communications, providing independent third-party validation of Medicenna’s IL-2 Superkine platform, MDNA109.

 

On September 30, 2019, the Company announced the presentation of new preclinical data from its IL-2 Superkine program to support the differentiating characteristics of long-acting MDNA109 variants and their potency in vitro and in vivo from other long-acting IL-2 programs.

 

On October 17, 2019, Medicenna completed a public offering raising total gross proceeds of $6,900,000. The Company issued 5,307,693 units at a price of $1.30, each such unit consisting of one Common Share and one-half common share purchase warrant. Each such whole warrant is exercisable at a price of $1.75 until October 17, 2022.

 

On November 21, 2019, the Company announced new positive results on drug distribution from the Phase 2b clinical trial of MDNA55. Implementing new advances in convection-enhanced delivery ("CED"), that were previously not available allows us to bypass the blood-brain barrier and deliver high concentrations of MDNA55 directly to the tumor and the at-risk area immediately surrounding it, without exposure to the rest of the body. Delivering MDNA55 to where it needs to be, along with the ability to continuously monitor distribution using real-time imaging, allows us to dramatically improve drug delivery and maximize tumor coverage.

 

On November 25, 2019, Medicenna announced the presentation of updated clinical results from the Phase 2b trial of MDNA55, by Dr. John Sampson at the 24th SNO annual meeting. Dr. Sampson discussed updated efficacy results from the Phase 2b clinical trial of MDNA55 in rGBM patients using the IL4R as an immunotherapy target.

 

On December 12, 2019, Medicenna announced a presentation by Dr. Fahar Merchant at the Inaugural Glioblastoma Drug Development Annual Summit. The presentation reported subgroup analysis from the first 40 patients treated with MDNA55 in a Phase 2b clinical trial for patients with rGBM.

 

On January 8, 2020, the Company announced receipt of $1.3 million in proceeds from the exercise of previously issued warrants.

 

On January 13, 2020, Medicenna announced results from a retrospective study of subjects with rGBM who matched eligibility requirements of subjects enrolled in the MDNA55-05 clinical trial (Synthetic Control Arm, “SCA”) receiving standard therapies and compared their survival versus subjects treated with MDNA55, in the Phase 2b rGBM clinical. The SCA comprised 81 rGBM patients receiving standard therapies including Avastin®, lomustine and temozolomide (“TMZ”) with similar baseline features as patients treated in the MDNA55 trial such as age, tumor size, ineligibility for surgery, lack of isocitrate dehydrogenase (“IDH”) mutations, IL4R expression and other parameters known to affect survival. When comparing IL4R High groups across the two populations, a 150% survival advantage is seen in patients who received MDNA55.

 

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On March 17, 2020, the Company closed a public offering of 11,290,323 Common Shares at a price of $3.10 per share for gross proceeds of approximately $35 million.

 

On March 25, 2020, Medicenna presented preclinical data, including non-human primate (“NHP”) data from its IL-2 Superkine program, highlighting data from the long-acting variant MDNA19, engineered to have enhanced binding to CD122 without binding to CD25. This allows MDNA19 to specifically activate naive CD8 T cells and NK cells with minimal stimulation of regulatory T cells (“Tregs”), thereby circumventing toxicity and demonstrating potential for best-in-class features which was supported by the NHP data.

 

In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global pandemic. We continue to monitor the COVID-19 situation, which is rapidly developing. The Company operates in a virtual manner and current operations have not been impacted in any material way by the health crisis. However, the pandemic does have an impact on our third party vendors which could result in the interruption of operations and result in development delays including the timing of the End of Phase 2 clinical study meeting for MDNA55 with the US FDA, the ongoing pre-clinical and future clinical activities related to MDNA19 or MDNA11. We have required all of our employees to work from home and are asking business partners to engage us by telephone or video conference where possible, eliminating business travel and requiring self-isolation for employees travelling outside of Canada. As the COVID-19 health crisis further develops, we will continue to rely on guidance and recommendations from local health authorities, Health Canada and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to update our policies.

 

Subsequent Events

 

On April 15, 2020, Medicenna announced the closing of the full over-allotment option to purchase an additional 1,693,548 Common Shares of Medicenna at a price of $3.10 per share, in connection with the public offering of Common Shares of Medicenna that was completed on March 17, 2020.

 

On May 4, 2020, Medicenna announced that it will be presenting two abstracts at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Virtual Scientific Program to be held from May 29 to May 31, 2020. The first abstract has been selected for a poster discussion and will provide new data on tumor response as well as survival outcomes compared to a matched SCA. The second abstract will present preclinical data including non-human primate data for MDNA11, one of Medicenna's IL2 Superkine candidates.

 

Significant Acquisitions

 

Except as set forth herein, the Company has not completed any significant acquisitions for which disclosure would be required under Part 8 of National Instrument 51-102 as at the date hereof.

 

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narrative description of the Business

 

Overview

 

Medicenna is a clinical stage immuno-oncology company developing novel, highly selective versions of IL-2, interleukin-4 (“IL-4”) and interleukin-13 (“IL-13”) tunable cytokines, called “Superkines”. These Superkines can be developed either on their own as short or long-acting therapeutics or fused with cell killing proteins in order to generate Empowered Cytokines™ (“ECs”) that precisely deliver potent toxins to the cancer cells without harming adjacent healthy cells. Medicenna’s mission is to become the leader in the development and commercialization of targeted ECs and Superkines for the treatment of a broad range of cancers. The Company seeks to achieve its goals by drawing on its expertise, and that of world-class collaborators, in order to develop a unique set of therapeutic Superkines. Compared to naturally occurring cytokines – that bind to multiple receptor types on many cell types – Superkines are engineered with unique specificity toward defined target cell subsets to enable precise activation or inhibition of relevant immune cells in order to improve therapeutic efficacy and safety. Superkines can also be fused with other types of proteins such as antibodies to generate novel “immunocytokines” or combined with other treatment modalities such as checkpoint inhibitors, chimeric antigen receptor T cells (“CAR-Ts”) or oncolytic viruses to stimulate tumor-killing immune cells or overcome the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment.

 

Medicenna has completed enrolment in a Phase 2b clinical trial of MDNA55, Medicenna’s lead EC, for the treatment of rGBM, the most common and uniformly fatal form of brain cancer. MDNA55 is a fusion of a circularly permuted version of IL-4, fused to a potent fragment of the bacterial toxin Pseudomonas exotoxin (“PE”), that is designed to preferentially target tumor cells that over-express the IL4R. MDNA55 has now been studied in 5 clinical trials in 132 patients, including 112 patients with rGBM, in which it has shown indications of superior efficacy when compared to the current standard of care (“SOC”). MDNA55 has secured Orphan Drug Status from the United States Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”) and the European Medicines Agency (“EMA”) as well as Fast Track Designation from the FDA for the treatment of rGBM and other types of high grade glioma. Medicenna announced on April 30, 2019 that patient enrollment was complete in the Phase 2b clinical trial of MDNA55 after treating 46 patients with rGBM. Medicenna announced preliminary top line data from the study on June 18, 2019 and additional survival data in December 2019 and January 2020. Medicenna plans to have an End of Phase 2 (“EOP2”) meeting with the FDA in 2020. This timeline is later than previously disclosed as additional time was required to collect further data to be included in the submission package as recommended by the Company’s regulatory advisors in order to strengthen the submission.

 

Complementing Medicenna’s lead clinical asset (MDNA55), the Company has built a deep pipeline of promising preclinical Superkine candidates such as IL-2 agonists (MDNA109), IL-2 antagonists (MDNA209), dual IL-4/IL-13 antagonists (MDNA413) and IL-13 Superkine (MDNA132) all in-licensed from Stanford. The most advanced of these programs is the MDNA109 platform, which is in preclinical development and is the only engineered IL-2 Superkine designed to specifically target CD122 (IL-2Rβ) with high affinity without CD25 dependency. The lead candidates from the IL-2 Superkine platform are MDNA19 and MDNA11 (formerly known as MDNA109-LA1) which, unlike native IL-2 (Proleukin) have superior pharmacokinetic (“PK”) properties, lack CD25 binding in order to improve safety, potently stimulate effector T cells, reverse NK cell anergy and act with exceptional synergy when combined with checkpoint inhibitors. Medicenna is working towards initiating a Phase 1 clinical study for MDNA19 or MDNA11 mid-2021.

 

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Our Product Candidates

 

 

MDNA55

 

MDNA55 is a novel, locally acting, anti-cancer therapeutic being developed by Medicenna for the treatment of tumors of the brain in adults, of which GBM is the most aggressive type. GBM is also the most common form of adult brain cancer, with 27,500 new cases diagnosed each year and the second most common cause of brain cancer deaths. MDNA55 has obtained Fast Track Designation from the FDA as well as Orphan Drug Designation from the FDA and the EMA.

 

MDNA55: Structure and Mechanism of Action

 

MDNA55 is a targeted fusion protein being developed by Medicenna for the treatment of tumors that over-express the IL4R. MDNA55 (below) consists of a high-affinity circularly permuted variant of IL-4 (cpIL-4) fused with a truncated version of PE.

 

 

MDNA55 binds with high affinity to IL-4R overexpressed on the surface of tumor cells and is endocytosed. Following cleavage and activation by furin-like proteases found in the endosome of cancer cells, the catalytic domain of the truncated PE is released into the cytosol where it induces cell death via ADP-ribosylation of elongation factor-2 (below).

 

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Expression levels of IL4R are low on the surface of healthy and normal cells, but increase 10- to 100-fold on cancer cells. This differential expression of IL4R therefore provides MDNA55 a wide therapeutic window.

 

The IL4R is an ideal target for the development of cancer therapeutics, as it is frequently and intensely expressed on a wide variety of human carcinomas. However, the IL4R target is currently under-exploited. Analysis of over 2,000 biopsies show IL4R over-expression in 20 different cancers affecting over a million cancer patients every year. Furthermore, the IL-4/IL4R bias is a marker for highly aggressive forms of cancer, plays a central role in the establishment of an immunosuppressive TME and is generally associated with poor survival outcomes. By disrupting this pro-tumoral IL-4/IL4R axis, MDNA55 directly interferes with multiple networks that support cancer.

 

Glioblastoma

 

GBM is an aggressive brain tumor characterized by rapid proliferation of undifferentiated cells, extensive infiltration, and a high propensity to recur. It is a rapidly progressing and universally fatal cancer. First-line treatment for primary GBM generally includes surgical resection of the bulk tumor to the maximal extent possible, followed by radiotherapy, often in combination with chemotherapy consisting of TMZ. The approval of TMZ represented a breakthrough in treatment; the drug offers improvements in overall survival (“OS”), although the actual benefits are modest. When used in combination with radiotherapy following surgery, TMZ provided a median survival of 58.4 weeks for newly diagnosed GBM patients compared to 48.4 weeks for radiotherapy alone. TMZ is less effective in GBM patients who harbor unmethylated O6-methylguanine-methyltransferase (“MGMT”) promoters in the tumor tissue; more than half of GBM patients have unmethylated MGMT promoters. In practice, even patients without MGMT promoter methylation are prescribed TMZ because of a lack of approved treatment alternatives.

 

Recurrent Glioblastoma (rGBM)

 

Unlike treatment of newly diagnosed GBM, no consensus exists regarding the optimal treatment of rGBM. Recurrence rates for newly diagnosed GBM patients treated with the current SOC is high, even in completely resected patients.

 

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Drugs currently approved in the United States for treatment of rGBM are Gliadel® and bevacizumab (Avastin®). In a Phase 3 study, placing a Gliadel implant directly into the tumor cavity after surgical resection of the tumor, 56% of rGBM treated subjects survived 6 months and the median survival was 26 weeks. However, the majority of patients with rGBM are not candidates for additional surgery, resulting in a large unmet need for this patient population.

 

Avastin® is an anti-angiogenic antibody that targets the vascular endothelial growth factor receptors. It is indicated as a single agent for adult patients with rGBM but has not been shown to improve disease-related symptoms or survival. Avastin® was granted accelerated approval on the basis of an objective response rate (“ORR”) of 28% following an open label Phase 2 study in 85 patients receiving Avastin® only. In 2013, Avastin® completed its confirmatory trial in newly diagnosed GBM patients and did not meet its primary endpoint of overall survival. Based on the results of this trial, Genentech, for Avastin®, did not receive approval in the European Union for newly diagnosed GBM; however, Avastin® remains indicated in the United States and Japan for rGBM.

 

Rationale for Development of MDNA55 for rGBM

 

MDNA55 is being initially developed for the treatment of rGBM. Using current treatment paradigms, most GBM patients experience tumor recurrence/progression after standard first line treatment. Treatment options for patients with rGBM are very limited and the outcome is generally unsatisfactory. Specifically, chemotherapy regimens for recurrent or progressive GBM have been unsuccessful, producing toxicity without benefit. As overall survival remains dismal, novel anti-cancer modalities, with greater tumor specificity, more robust cytotoxic mechanisms and novel delivery techniques are needed for the treatment of recurrent GBM.

 

MDNA55 is one such novel therapeutic that provides a targeted treatment approach whereby tumor cells are more sensitive to the toxic effects of the drug than normal cells. When combined with a novel precision delivery to the brain using CED, treatment with MDNA55 could be an ideal approach for the treatment of rGBM and other brain tumors that over-express the IL4R. Cells that do not express the IL4R target do not bind to MDNA55 and are, therefore, not subject to the effects of the toxic payload.

 

Many features of MDNA55 make it a potentially attractive choice for the treatment of recurrent GBM:

 

1.The majority of cancer biopsy and autopsy samples from adult and pediatric primary and metastatic brain cancers, including rGBM, have been shown to over-express the IL4R with little or no IL4R expression in normal adult and pediatric brain tissue.

 

2.MGMT positive cancer cells (harboring unmethylated MGMT promoters) are common in GBM, making them resistant to TMZ. However, MGMT positive cancer tumors are extremely sensitive to MDNA55, suggesting that MDNA55 could provide a treatment option for GBM patients who would not benefit from TMZ.

 

3.GBM has a robust immunosuppressive TME and may comprise up to 40% of the tumor mass. It has been shown that malignant gliomas have a T-helper cell type-2 (“Th2”) bias and are heavily infiltrated by myeloid derived suppressor cells (“MDSCs”) and tumor associated macrophages (“TAMs”) and that the IL-4/IL4R bias mediates their immunosuppressive functions. Furthermore, IL4R is up-regulated on glioma-infiltrating myeloid cells but not in the periphery or in normal brain. Thus, purging Th2 cells, MDSCs, and TAMs using MDNA55 may alleviate the immune block associated with cancer (in a manner similar to immunomodulators such as ipilumimab, pembrolizumab or nivolumab), thereby promoting anti-tumor immunity and aid in long-term disease control.

 

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The MDNA55 program therefore offers a promising approach to address serious unmet needs for brain cancer patients. Furthermore, MDNA55 is the only treatment in development that has the potential to simultaneously target the bulk tumor and the immunosuppressive TME. Accordingly, we are of the view that MDNA55 has the potential of altering the treatment paradigm for many brain cancer patients.

 

Convection Enhanced Delivery of MDNA55

 

As with most protein therapeutics, MDNA55 does not cross the blood-brain barrier, and therefore must be delivered directly to the tumor (also known as intra-tumoral therapy) via local one time infusion procedure called CED. Medicenna’s development platform includes rights to all oncology indications for MDNA55 as well as novel image guided CED of MDNA55. These technologies are protected by patents either owned or exclusively licensed by Medicenna.

 

Development History of MDNA55

 

The targeting domain and payload for Medicenna’s lead candidate, MDNA55, were developed in the laboratories of Dr. Ira Pastan at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and Dr. Raj Puri at Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, at the FDA. The targeting domain (IL-4) was engineered to improve the binding affinity of IL-4 to the IL4R and thereby increase potency of MDNA55. The payload domain (pseudomonas toxin) of MDNA55 was engineered in order to remove off-target binding components further improving safety. Preclinical and clinical development of MDNA55 for the treatment of brain as well as other non-brain tumors is described in over 50 publications.

 

In March 2013, Medicenna acquired all clinical, regulatory and material assets for MDNA55 from Sophiris Bio Inc. (formerly Protox Therapeutics, Inc.) (“Sophiris”). The acquisition was comprised of two Investigational New Drug Applications (“IND”) with the FDA, Fast Track Designation from the FDA, Orphan Drug Designations from the FDA and the EMA, clinical data from 72 patients enrolled in three different brain cancer studies, clinical data from 14 patients enrolled in a Phase 1 solid tumor study and all cell banks and reference material required to manufacture MDNA55. Subsequent to the purchase agreement with Sophiris, Medicenna and the National Institutes of Health (“NIH”) entered into license agreements (the “NIH License Agreements”) covering composition, methods of use, combination therapy and delivery of MDNA55. A summary of the clinical trials related to the treatment of high grade gliomas is provided below.

 

Three clinical trials were previously conducted with MDNA55 in 72 patients with recurrent high grade glioma (66 rGBM and 6 recurrent anaplastic astrocytoma (“rAA”) patients). In a majority of the patients, MDNA55 was delivered only once by intratumoral infusion using CED via ventricular catheters.

 

A Phase 1 single centre investigator initiated study (United States) was conducted in a single United States site enrolling nine subjects with rGBM. Doses evaluated ranged from 0.2 to 6.0 µg/mL (total dose 6 to 720 µg). One subject remained disease free at >18 months after the procedure; 6 out of 8 subjects had partial to extensive tumor necrosis confirmed by pathology. Most subjects had transient increased intracranial pressure treated readily with craniotomy.

 

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A Phase 1 sponsor initiated multi-centre study (Germany and United States) was carried out in 31 subjects of whom 25 subjects had rGBM and six subjects had rAA. Treatment with MDNA55 using intratumoral CED infusion was dose escalated from 240 to 900 μg. In approximately 40% of the subjects, anti-MDNA55 antibodies were observed. Systemic toxicity was not observed. Although not designed to measure efficacy, results showed MDNA55 administration was followed by rapid tumor necrosis with an ORR (i.e. ≥50% decrease in tumor size) of 56%. These data compare favourably with an ORR of 5% with current therapies and ORR of 28% achieved by Avastin®. These results, including a complete response rate (100% decrease in tumor size) of 20% following a single treatment with MDNA55 were encouraging given that nearly half of the subjects enrolled in the trial had multiple relapses and had poor prognosis due to late stage of the disease. Furthermore, catheter placement and CED of MDNA55 were not optimized at that time.

 

In the Phase 2a multi-centre study (United States and Germany), MDNA55 was administered by intratumoral infusion via CED in 32 subjects with rGBM at doses of 90 µg, 240 µg or 300 µg. Approximately 3 weeks post-infusion, surgical resection was performed and therefore tumor response analysis was not performed. Tissue samples pre- and post-treatment were adequate for assessment in 10 to 32 subjects. Seven subjects showed a marked reduction in tumor cellularity post-treatment. Of these seven cases, five showed little or no cellular tumor in the resection samples, while the other two had at least a 75% reduction of cellular tumor. The remaining three subjects showed no change compared to baseline. These results, although preliminary, were consistent with ORR observed in the earlier studies. As in the previous studies, systemic toxicity was not observed.

 

Improvements in CED Technology for MDNA55

 

Since the above mentioned clinical trials, there have been many improvements to the CED technology. This includes use of newly developed techniques for high precision placement of catheters into the tumor bed as well as novel stepped design catheters that prevent backflow of MDNA55 during treatment. Furthermore, by co-infusion of an MRI contrast agent with MDNA55, drug distribution can be monitored in real-time ensuring complete coverage of the tumor bed and the tumor margins. Unlike previous clinical trials, each of these improvements has facilitated highly accurate targeting and uniform distribution of MDNA55 to regions of active tumor growth in the current clinical trial.

 

 

 

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Medicenna has obtained an exclusive license from the NIH to patents covering CED and the use of a surrogate tracer for real-time monitoring of MDNA55 delivery and distribution.

 

Phase 2b Study Outline for Glioblastoma at First Recurrence or Progression

 

The Phase 2b trial with MDNA55 using enhanced CED delivery is a multi-center, open-label, single-arm study in up to 52 patients (at least 46 intent-to-treat (“ITT”) patients evaluable for survival and 35 patients evaluable for response), with first or second recurrence or progression of GBM after surgery or radiotherapy ± adjuvant therapy or other experimental therapies.

 

The primary endpoint of the study is median overall survival (mOS) comparing an expected null survival rate of 8.0 months (based on historical control) with an alternative pursue rate of 11.5 months (1-sided alpha = 0.10 and 80% power for approximately 46 ITT or per protocol subjects). The secondary endpoint is objective response rate (ORR) assessed by the modified Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (mRANO)-based criteria incorporating advanced imaging modalities according to a null response rate of 6% with an alternative pursue rate of 18% (1-sided alpha = 0.10 and 80% power for at least 35 subjects evaluable for response). IL4R expression levels in tumor biopsies and their potential impact on patient outcomes following treatment with MDNA55, were retrospectively evaluated.

 

Phase 2b Study Update

 

In April 2017, we treated the first rGBM patient in the Phase 2b clinical trial of MDNA55 and enrolled patients at eight clinical sites across the United States with enrolment in the study (46 ITT patients) completed in April 2019.

 

While the Company previously targeted completion of the Phase 2b by not later than Q4 2018, the protocol amendments announced in September 2017 and May 2018, and described below, resulted in slower than anticipated patient recruitment.

 

On September 28, 2017, we announced that based on encouraging drug distribution and safety data observed we implemented an amended protocol incorporating enhanced drug delivery procedure which was used for the treatment of the remaining patients. The amended protocol allowed higher doses and volumes of MDNA55 as well as an increase in the total expected study size – from 43 patients under the original protocol to up to 52 total planned patients. This protocol amendment was based on a planned safety analysis following a unanimous recommendation from MDNA55’s Safety Review Committee. Of the up to 52 patients to be treated in the study we required at least 46 of those patients to be evaluable for survival and at least 35 subjects evaluable for response. We met our threshold enrolment requirements in April 2019 with 46 patients treated (ITT population) of which 44 patients met all the protocol eligibility requirements (per protocol population).

 

On October 10, 2017, clinical data were presented by Principal investigator John H. Sampson MD, PhD, (Robert H. and Gloria Wilkins Distinguished Professor and Chair of Neurosurgery at Duke University in Durham, NC) at the 2017 CNS (Boston, MA), demonstrating successful delivery of MDNA55 in rGBM patients and a reassuring safety profile. Furthermore, the data showed that a substantially higher proportion of the target tissue was being covered then in previous similar trials. In some cases, close to 100% of the tumor and the 1cm margin around it (at risk for tumor spread) had been successfully covered.

 

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Additional clinical data from the Phase 2b rGBM clinical trial of MDNA55 were presented at the 22nd Annual Meeting of the SNO held in San Francisco in November 2017. Dr. Krystof Bankiewicz, MD, PhD, Professor in Residence of Neurological Surgery at the University of California San Francisco, provided an update on drug distribution and safety data from the first 15 patients treated in the study. The oral and poster presentations at the SNO conference outlined that through a process of real-time image guided delivery together with the ability to monitor and adjust infusion parameters, drug delivery was dramatically improved with significant enhancement in target coverage. A previous CED study in rGBM, without the advances implemented by Medicenna, [ref: J Neurosurg. 2010 Aug;113(2):301-9], was able to achieve, on average, coverage of only 20% of the target volume. In contrast, in the current study, a comparable estimate for coverage of the tumor and a 1 cm high-risk margin around it showed approximately 65% coverage with the figure rising to 75% for the tumor area alone, with some patients achieving near 100% coverage of the target volume.

 

It was reported on May 2, 2018 that half the patients in the study had been recruited and the data to date demonstrated solid safety results and early signals of efficacy based on the findings of the Safety Review and Clinical Advisory Committees, comprised of key opinion leaders and study investigators. Following the Safety Review, Medicenna amended the protocol at the recommendation of clinical advisors to further improve the chances for demonstrating increased therapeutic benefit for patients. The amendment allowed the implementation of optimal methodologies including more personalized dosing based on the tumor load, incorporation of advanced imaging modalities to measure treatment responses more reliably, use of sub-therapeutics dose of Avastin® in patients that could not tolerate steroid use to control edema and inflammation and allowing investigators to administer a second dose of MDNA55 where appropriate.

 

Review of some patients who had been withdrawn from the study, believing that their disease had progressed, found that the apparent increases in tumor volumes, seen on brain scans, were, in fact, due to tissue necrosis, inflammation and edema. This is a known effect of immunotherapeutic agents such as MDNA55, called pseudo-progression, which poses a challenge to patient retention, management and data interpretation. When evaluating images from such patients, using multi-modal imaging, Medicenna found evidence of biological activity of MDNA55 suggesting that these patients were benefiting from the treatment, and in multiple cases following withdrawal from the study, surgical resection showed significant tumor necrosis. This amendment allowed a biopsy and/or advanced multi-modal imaging to more accurately discriminate between necrosis/inflammation and true disease progression. These tools would encourage subjects to remain in the study, where appropriate, giving time for the pseudo-progression to resolve and increase the likelihood of clinical responses.

 

Following the amended protocol as announced on May 2, 2018 and after receiving the necessary regulatory and site approvals patient enrolment was resumed at higher doses provided that the pre-established maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of 240 mg was not to be exceeded.

 

The protocol amendments announced September 28, 2017 and May 2, 2018 resulted in increased timelines for completion of the MDNA55 Phase 2b clinical trial due to an increase in the original number of patients as well as a slowdown of patient recruitment while the necessary regulatory reviews and approvals were completed.

 

On October 22, 2018, the Company presented results and participated in a poster discussion session at the ESMO Congress held in Munich. Based on interim data from patients treated at low doses implemented during the first half of the Phase 2b study of MDNA55, the presentation highlighted the benefits of using of advanced imaging modalities in order to help tumor response evaluation and identify pseudo-progression in some patients which ultimately translates into tumor shrinkage, and potential treatment benefit.

 

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On October 31, 2018, Medicenna provided an interim update from the ongoing Phase 2b clinical trial of MDNA55 for the treatment of rGBM. These results were superseded by data reported on February 7, 2019 as described below.

 

On February 7, 2019, Medicenna presented new clinical study results in a podium presentation entitled “The IL4 Receptor as a Biomarker and Immunotherapeutic Target for Glioblastoma: Preliminary Evidence with MDNA55, a Locally Administered IL-4 Guided Toxin”, by John H. Sampson, MD, PhD, Robert H. and Gloria Wilkins Distinguished Professor and Chair of Neurosurgery at Duke University, during the 5th Annual Immuno-Oncology 360o Conference held in New York, NY. These results have subsequently been superseded by more complete data presented in late 2019 and January 2020.

 

On April 30, 2019, Medicenna announced that enrolment in the study was complete with 46 evaluable patients (ITT population) of which 44 patients were subsequently identified as meeting protocol eligibility requirements without major deviations (per protocol population).

 

On June 3, 2019, a poster entitled “MDNA55: A Locally Administered IL4 Guided Toxin as a Targeted Treatment for Recurrent Glioblastoma” was presented at the 55th Annual Meeting of the ASCO held in Chicago, IL. The presentation by Dr. Dina Randazzo, of Duke University School of Medicine and a Principal Investigator, focused on the development of a new biomarker test for the IL4R that may enable better selection and superior treatment outcomes for patients with rGBM. These data were subsequently updated, as described below.

 

On June 18, 2019, Dr. Fahar Merchant presented results from the Phase 2b MDNA55 clinical trial which recently completed enrollment (n=46) at the Inaugural Immuno-Oncology Pharma Congress in Boston, MA. The presentation highlighted disease control in up to 83% of the patients according to iRANO criteria, which measure tumor response relative to the largest tumor size post-treatment (nadir). Use of advanced imaging techniques (such as perfusion and diffusion MRI) was able to show underlying tissue response amidst inflammation and edema in some subjects. In addition, safety data from the Phase 2b clinical trial show a similar safety profile to previous MDNA55 trials, with no systemic toxicities, no clinically significant laboratory abnormalities and no drug-related deaths.

 

On September 25, 2019, the Company presented updated efficacy results from the Phase 2b clinical trial MDNA55-05 in rGBM patients using the IL4R as an immunotherapy target, as it is overexpressed in glioblastoma as well as in cells that make up the brain tumor microenvironment. The data imply that targeting the TME, particularly in GBM, is critical where almost half of the tumor mass consists of non-cancerous cells that make up the TME – a cancer swamp that hides the tumor from the immune system. The TME is emerging as one of the key reasons why glioblastoma is extremely aggressive, and continues to be one of the most difficult cancers to treat. Since MDNA55 can simultaneously kill both the tumor cells and the TME by targeting the IL4R, the results to date continue to show that MDNA55 is likely to emerge as a new treatment for this deadly disease. These data were subsequently updated in November and December 2019 and January 2020.

 

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On November 25, 2019, Medicenna announced the presentation of updated clinical results presented by Dr. John Sampson from our Phase 2b trial of MDNA55 at the 24th SNO annual meeting. The presentation highlighted that with a single treatment with MDNA55, the median overall survival (“mOS”) in IL4R High subjects (n=21) was 15 months showing a survival advantage of up to nine months when compared to approved therapies (mOS of 5.4 to 9.2 months with temozolomide, Avastin® and lomustine), among the 38 evaluable subjects, irrespective of IL4R expression, 82% of the subjects experienced tumor shrinkage or stabilization from nadir. The mOS of patients showing tumor control (n=31) was significantly longer when compared to patients with progressive disease (mOS of 15 months vs. 8.4 months, respectively; p-value of 0.0112) and updated analysis included the first 40 subjects treated with MDNA55 continuing to show an overall survival rate at 12 months (“OS-12”) of 45%, irrespective of IL4R expression, and OS-12 of 58% in patients showing a treatment response (n=32). This is an improvement of up to 150% when compared to approved therapies for rGBM (OS-12 is 18-34%).

 

On December 12, 2019, the Company announced data presented by Dr. Fahar Merchant at the Inaugural Glioblastoma Drug Development Annual Summit. The presentation reported subgroup analysis from the first 40 patients treated with MDNA55 in the Phase 2b clinical trial. The presentation highlighted that the patient characteristics in the clinical study excluded patients that are known to have a much better prognosis, such as patients that were, (a) eligible for surgery to remove the tumor, (b) had a lower grade of brain cancer at initial diagnosis (only de novo GBM patients were enrolled), and (c) had a known mutation associated with better prognosis (IDH mutation). Furthermore, the presentation emphasized that despite enrolling only patients known to have a very poor prognosis, patients actually did much better and were surviving significantly longer following only one treatment with MDNA55, particularly in patients with high expression of the IL4R target. Of particular interest, subjects receiving lower doses of steroids (≤4 mg of concurrent steroid per day) showed a trend towards improved survival, particularly in the IL4R High group, with a mOS of 16.5 months with 88% of patients being still alive at 12 months. In patients resistant to approved chemotherapy Temodar (rGBM with unmethylated MGMT promoter), MDNA55 treatment in IL4R High patients had a median overall survival of 15.2 months and a 12 month survival rate of 69% versus 22% for lomustine and less than 19% for Avastin®.

 

 

 

On January 13, 2020, Medicenna announced that it had completed a retrospective study on subjects with rGBM who matched eligibility requirements of subjects enrolled in the MDNA55-05 clinical trial. The study was conducted to compare the survival of subjects treated with MDNA55 in the Phase 2b rGBM clinical trial versus matched patients (SCA) recently treated using other standard therapies. The SCA comprised 81 rGBM patients receiving standard therapies including Avastin®, lomustine and TMZ with similar baseline features as patients treated in the MDNA55 trial such as age, tumor size, ineligibility for surgery, IL4R expression and other parameters known to affect survival.

 

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Key data from the study are summarized below and have been computed from the date of relapse rather than from the date of treatment in results previously reported by the Company:

 

·When comparing IL4R High groups across the two populations, a 150% survival advantage is seen in patients who received MDNA55.

 

oIL4R High subjects treated with MDNA55 (n=21) had a mOS of 15.8 months versus 6.2 months in the SCA (n=17), a survival advantage of an impressive 9.6 months.

 

oOS-12 was 62% in the MDNA55 arm versus 24% in the SCA.

 

·Regardless of IL4R status, subjects treated with MDNA55 (n=44 subjects comprising the complete per protocol analysis population) demonstrated 112% increase in OS-12 over subjects in the SCA (n=81).

 

oOS-12 for the MDNA55 arm was 53% versus 25% in the SCA.

 

omOS in the MDNA55 arm was 12.4 versus 7.7 months in the SCA.

 

 

 

Medicenna plans to have an EOP2 meeting with the FDA in 2020 to discuss the results of the MDNA55 Phase 2b clinical study and the development pathway forward, including the possibility of seeking accelerated approval in patients with IL4R positivity which is considered to display a more aggressive form of rGBM. This date is later than previously anticipated due to additional information being prepared in order to strengthen the submission to the FDA as recommended by regulatory consultants.

 

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The Company expects the completion of clinical development of MDNA55 to full approval (including a pivotal Phase 3 clinical trial), if undertaken by Medicenna, to last until at least 2022, with a projected aggregate cost of up to approximately $75 million, incremental to the current cash on hand. It is anticipated that following the successful completion of the Phase 2b clinical trial and a successful EOP2 meeting with the FDA the Company will work to out-license the program to one or more partners who would fund or co-fund Phase 3 clinical development of MDNA55 as well as prepare the program for commercialization and its subsequent launch in various countries where approval has been granted. In addition to development and regulatory approval of MDNA55, the Company and/or its partner may also have to develop and commercialize a companion diagnostic to test for IL4R expression prior to treatment with MDNA55. See “Risk Factors” below

 

Potential Market: MDNA55

 

The incidence of primary brain cancer in the 7 major markets (“7MM”) (United States, UK, Japan, Italy, Spain, France and Germany) exceeded 52,000 with over 37,000 deaths. Of the primary brain cancers, GBM is the most common, aggressive and with one of the worst prognoses of all cancers. GBM accounts for 52% of all primary brain tumors and although treatment options include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, the 5-year survival rate is less than 10%. The incidence of GBM in the 7MM is expected to increase from 27,500 in 2012 to 32,000 in 2022 with therapeutic sales projected to reach US$1.4 billion by 2022.

 

Treatment options for rGBM are severely limited. With the exception of Avastin®, providing no survival benefits, no universal SOC exists for rGBM. Avastin® has not been approved by the EMA for newly diagnosed GBM or rGBM, although it has been granted accelerated approval by the FDA for rGBM. Management believes that MDNA55 is currently well positioned for the rGBM indication, when used either as monotherapy or in combination with other approved therapies. Line extension for metastatic brain cancer, newly diagnosed GBM and pediatric gliomas has the potential to increase MDNA55 revenues.

 

MDNA55 Competition: Emerging Therapies for Adult GBM

 

The SOC for newly diagnosed GBM, consisting of surgery, radiotherapy and concurrent TMZ followed by adjuvant TMZ has not changed for over a decade. The lack of effective treatment options extends to a shortage of approved targeted therapies for GBM. Development of novel agents for the treatment of GBM is therefore an active area of research, and multiple agents and drug classes are being assessed for GBM.

 

Northwest Biotherapeutics’ DCVax-L, an autologous dendritic cell vaccine, is one of the furthest along in development for GBM. DCVax-L is being evaluated in newly diagnosed GBM patients who have received a complete surgical resection and received radiotherapy and concurrent TMZ. Northwest has completed a Phase 3 clinical trial in patients with newly diagnosed GBM and expects to announce top-line data in mid-2020.

 

DNAtrix’s DNX-2401, an oncolytic immunotherapy, has completed enrolment in a Phase 2 clinical trial in collaboration with Merck which evaluated the efficacy and safety of DNX-2401 in combination with pembrolizumab (KEYTRUDA), Merck’s anti-PD-1 therapy. Adult subjects diagnosed with GBM or gliosarcoma that have experienced disease progression after initial treatment were candidates for the trial. Interim data were presented in November 2019 and DNAtrix has disclosed plans to initiate a Phase 3 clinical study.

 

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Delmar Pharmaceuticals’ product VAL-083 is a “first-in-class” small molecule chemotherapeutic and is enrolling patients in a Phase 2 clinical trial of VAL-083 in patients with MGMT unmethylated, bevacizumab-naive rGBM. The study is expected to be completed in 2020.

 

Ziopharm Oncology has a controlled IL-12 platform, or Ad-RTS-hIL-12 plus veledimex (Ad+V), which completed a Phase 1 clinical studies in both a monotherapy and in combination with a PD-1 inhibitor, for the treatment of recurrent or progressive glioblastoma multiforme in adults in 2019 and subsequently announced the initiation of a Phase 2 clinical trial in mid-2019. Interim data related to the Phase 1 clinical trials were released in November 2019.

 

Istari Oncology is enrolling patients in a Phase 2 multi-institutional, dose refinement trial that includes a chemotherapy component found to be beneficial in the Phase 1 study. The trial is testing PVSRIPO which is an oncolytic poliovirus delivered by way of intratumoral administration for the treatment of rGBM. The clinical trial involves 62 GBM patients and should be completed in 2020. In addition, Istari is evaluating D2C7-IT, an antibody-directed immune conjugate, in a dose escalation Phase 1 study in 24 recurrent GBM patients.

 

In mid-stage development, Agenus is developing a heat shock protein (gp96) peptide complex (HSPPC-96), an intradermal, autologous, cancer vaccine. Designated as the Prophage G series, Prophage G-100 is applied in newly diagnosed GBM patients and G-200, in rGBM. Phase 2 results for the Prophage G series vaccines demonstrate that the agent may hold promise in a very select group of patients.

 

Diffusion Pharmaceuticals has a small molecule that enhances oxygen delivery to hypoxic tissues (Trans sodium crocetinate, “TSC”). Since GBM is a highly hypoxic tumor, increased oxygenation is thought to enhance standard of care chemoradiation therapy. TSC is currently being investigated in a Phase 3 clinical trial in patients in newly diagnosed GBM.

 

Superkines

 

Developed by scientists at Stanford, Medicenna has exclusively licensed an impressive library of tunable cytokines, which we call Superkines. These cytokines include IL-2, IL-4 and IL-13, which are known to be engaged in modulating nearly 2,000 different types of human ailments.

 

Our Superkines have been engineered to bind to different receptor sub-types with variable specificity and affinity with the additional capacity to tune signaling pathways, cellular responses and cell fate. Further, by fusing Superkines to payloads, antibodies or inactive protein scaffolds, Medicenna is able to generate ECs, immunocytokines and long-acting Superkines, respectively, providing additional functionality, targeted delivery and improved pharmacokinetics. Superkines can also be combined with other immunotherapies such as CAR-T cells, checkpoint inhibitors and oncolytic viruses to provide a cytokine boost by stimulating tumor-killing immune cells or inhibiting immunosuppressive cells of the tumor microenvironment.

 

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IL-2 Superkines

 

IL-2 was one of the first effective immunotherapies developed to treat cancer due to its proficiency at expanding T cells, the central players in cell-mediated immunity. Originally discovered as a growth factor for T cells, IL-2 can also drive the generation of activated immune cells, immune memory cells, and immune tolerance.

 

In contrast, IL-2 induced overstimulation of immune cells can lead to an imbalance in the ratio of effector and regulatory T cells, resulting in autoimmune diseases.

 

Part of the reason for this is due to the nature of the IL-2 receptor. The IL-2 receptor is composed of three different subunits, IL-2Rα (also known as CD25), IL-2Rβ (CD122) and IL-2Rγ (CD132). The arrangement of these different proteins determines the response to IL-2 signaling.

 

The IL-2β and IL-2γ components together make a receptor capable of binding IL-2, but only moderately so. When all three components are together, including IL-2Rα, the receptor binds IL-2 with a much higher affinity. This complete receptor is usually found on regulatory T cells, which dampens an ongoing immune response. The lower affinity receptor, composed of just the IL-2β and IL-2γ components, is more often found on “naive” immune cells, which are awaiting instructions before seeking out cancer cells.

 

Altering IL-2’s propensity for binding these receptors could encourage greater immune cell activation or block the function of regulatory cells. Medicenna’s MDNA109 and MDNA209 platforms take advantage of this dynamic by binding to specific receptors and either activating or blocking them.

 

MDNA209 can be used to induce the opposite effect. This Superkine mimics the shape of IL-2 and is also up to 200-1000 times more likely to bind IL-2Rβ. But rather than triggering IL-2 signaling, MDNA209 acts as an antagonist, blocking the receptor and preventing it from transmitting the signal. This could be used for diseases such as such as multiple sclerosis where it is essential to prevent T cells from becoming activated and attacking healthy tissue. Limited work on MDNA209 has been initiated but development timelines have not been established at this time.

 

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MDNA109 Platform Development

 

MDNA109 is an enhanced version of IL-2 that binds up to 200-1000 times more effectively to IL-2Rβ, thus greatly increasing its ability to activate and proliferate the immune cells needed to fight cancer. Because it preferentially binds IL-2Rβ, MDNA109 drives effector T cell responses over regulatory T cells. Mutations in the core of IL-2 improve affinity to CD122 on CD8 T cells and NK Cells, as CD122 affinity is key for the activation of immune cells responsible for cancer killing (CD8+ T cells, naive T cells, NK cells).

 

 

 

Additionally, MDNA109 reverses NK cell anergy and acts with exceptional synergy when combined with checkpoint inhibitors.

 

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One of the development challenges with MDNA109 was its short half-life, similar to native IL-2, which would require frequent dosing in a commercial setting. In order to extend the half-life of MDNA109, Medicenna fused inactive protein scaffolds to MDNA109 including Fc-fusions (Fc) and Albumin fusions (Alb) and, on August 2, 2018, we announced preliminary preclinical data on MDNA109, showing that these fusions are long-acting and provided the convenience of easier dosing without sacrificing its safety and efficacy.

 

Further modifications were made to MDNA109 in its extended half-life forms to enhance pharmacodynamics and further enhance selectivity in order to reduce binding to CD25 which is associated with the toxic side effect profile of Proleukin. These modifications have provided us with two lead candidates in development, MDNA19 and MDNA11.

 

 

 

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On February 6, 2019, the Company presented results on MDNA109 and its long acting variants in a podium presentation entitled “Putting Pedal to the Metal: Combining IL-2 Superkine (MDNA109) with Checkpoint Inhibitors”, by Moutih Rafei, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Physiology, Université de Montréal, at the 5th Annual Immuno-Oncology 360° Meeting in New York, NY.

 

The results presented demonstrated that MDNA109 exhibited 1000-fold enhanced affinity toward the CD122 receptor and best-in-class potency toward cancer killing effector T cells. When tested in vivo, MDNA109 was not immunogenic and led to potent delay in the growth of pre-established B16F10 melanoma tumors compared to IL-2. Likewise, significant delay in the growth of pre-established MC38 and CT-26 colon cancer was observed in syngeneic mice receiving MDNA109, whereas its co-administration with anti-PD1 checkpoint inhibitor eliminated tumors in 90% of MC38 tumor-bearing mice. Furthermore, MDNA109 in combination with anti-CTLA-4 antibody, complete responses were observed in a majority of mice in the CT26 model. When cured animals were re-challenged on the counter-lateral flank with CT26 tumor cells, tumor growth was blocked at the secondary site clearly suggesting the generation of potent memory responses. Additional results on long-acting MDNA109 variants with impaired CD25 binding demonstrated abrogation of regulatory T cell activation at therapeutic doses in order to mitigate peripheral side effects, which are dependent on CD25 binding.

 

Medicenna presented a poster entitled “Engineering a long-acting CD122 biased IL-2 superkine displaying potent anti-tumoral responses” at the Inaugural Immuno-Oncology Pharma Congress, held from June 18-20, 2019 during World Pharma Week in Boston, MA. Highlights from the presentation by Dr. Moutih Rafei included the following: (a) When MDNA109-LA was co-administered with the immune-checkpoint blocker anti-cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Protein (“CTLA”) in a colon cancer mouse model, 67% of animals with pre-established tumors remained tumor-free for over 100 days. When these animals received a second and third re-challenge of the tumor without further treatment, 100% and 75% remained tumor free, respectively, demonstrating a strong memory response. (b) A long-acting variant, MDNA19, engineered to mitigate Treg activation by abolishing binding to the CD25 had 50-fold decreased Treg activity and 6-fold higher activity towards naive CD8 T cells for an overall 300-fold preferential activation of cancer killing T cells than recombinant IL-2. (c) In addition, binding affinity studies using surface plasmon resonance confirmed absence of CD25 binding by MDNA19. (d) To further validate the potency of MDNA19 mice with pre-established aggressive B16F10 melanoma tumors showed potent tumor control with a weekly dosing schedule.

 

On September 26, 2019, Medicenna announced the publication of a peer-reviewed article in the August 2019 edition of Nature Communications providing independent third-party validation of Medicenna’s IL-2 Superkine platform, MDNA109. The publication, titled “A next-generation tumor-targeting IL-2 preferentially promotes tumor infiltrating CD8+ T cell response and effective tumor control”, describes the safety, efficacy, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity as well as efficacy profile in different tumor models of long-acting variants of MDNA109 including fusions to antibodies to create tumor targeted immunocytokines. The work reported in the publication is covered by Medicenna’s patents and patents in-licensed by the Company.

 

On September 30, 2019, Medicenna announced the presentation by Dr. Minh To, Director of Preclinical Development at Medicenna, of preclinical data to support the differentiating characteristics of long-acting MDNA109 variants and their potency in vitro and in vivo from other long-acting IL-2 programs.

 

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Highlights from the presentation included:

 

oHigh potency towards naive effector T cells but diminished potency on unwanted regulatory T cells (Tregs). Of the long-acting MDNA109 variants, MDNA19 is superior in having decreased binding to CD25 and increased affinity to CD122, therefore selectively activating cancer killing CD8 T cells instead of tumor protecting Tregs.

 

oPotent effects as monotherapy with improved PK characteristics. In CT26 (mouse colon cancer) and B16F10 (mouse melanoma) models, treatment with long acting variants of MDNA109 (biweekly for 2 weeks or once weekly for 2 or 3 weeks) potently inhibited tumor growth. These data suggest that long-acting MDNA109 variants could lead to potent therapeutic effects with a dosing schedule similar to that used for immune checkpoint inhibitors. In addition, the results also confirm that different protein scaffolds may be used to extend the half-life of MDNA109 and can provide similar tumor control as MDNA19.

 

oCompelling preclinical synergism with immune checkpoint inhibition. In a pre-established colon cancer CT26 model, long-acting MDNA109 variants co-administered with the immune-checkpoint blocker anti-cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte-Associated Protein (CTLA), showed significant tumor growth inhibition with as many as 89% of animals remaining tumor-free for over 175 days.

 

oStrong Memory Response. Furthermore, tumor free animals receiving a second and third re-challenge of the tumor without further treatment remained tumor free in up to 100% of mice, demonstrating development of a strong memory response with the ability to prevent tumor relapses.

 

On March 25, 2020, Medicenna announced preclinical data, including NHP data from MDNA19, during a conference call and webcast.

 

The presentation highlighted data from the long-acting variant MDNA19, engineered to have enhanced binding to CD122 without binding to CD25 and included:

 

·Kinetic studies in NHP showed a dose-dependent upregulation of Ki67 in CD8 T cells lasting for almost two weeks post-MDNA19 administration, with no apparent side effects.

 

·When administered to NHP, MDNA19 increases the absolute number of circulating CD8 T cells in the absence of Treg and eosinophil stimulation (the latter being a major source of IL-5 production which is responsible for triggering vascular leak syndrome and associated toxicity)

 

·MDNA19 administration as a monotherapy in syngeneic mice with pre-established CT26 colon cancer led to 60% survival and induction of strong and long-lasting memory responses correlating with resistance to subsequent re-challenges.

 

·Furthermore, MDNA19 treatment of B16F10 tumors favoured activation of CD8 T cells over Tregs in the tumor microenvironment driving a strong therapeutic effect.

 

Medicenna has commenced GLP and GMP related manufacturing activities with the intention of starting IND enabling studies in the second half of calendar 2020 and initiating a Phase 1/2a clinical trial in mid 2021. These timelines are later than what was previously disclosed as additional optimization to the molecules in development was necessary to to further enhance Medicenna's long acting MDNA109 program as potentially best in class.

 

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Additional funding will be required to achieve the Company’s business objectives with respect to the completion of the clinical development (Phase 2b and 3 clinical trials) and commercialization of MDNA19 or MDNA11. The Company expects the completion of clinical development of MDNA19 or MDNA11, if undertaken by Medicenna, to last until at least 2027, with a projected aggregate cost of approximately $125 million, incremental to the current funds available to the Company. It is anticipated that following the completion of a Phase 1/2a clinical trial, the Company will either license the program to one or more partners who would continue the clinical development or raise additional capital at that time. Additional time and capital would also be required to obtain pre-market approval for MDNA19 or MDNA11 and to complete business development, marketing and other pre-commercialization activities related to commercial launch.

 

IL2 Superkine Competition

 

The development of next-generation IL-2 agonists for cancer immunotherapy is an area of intense interest within the biotechnology industry. The Company is aware of several IL-2 agonists in various stages of clinical development as noted in the table below.

 

Developer   Name   Stage
Nektar Therapeutics   NKTR-214   Phase 3
Roche   RG7461   Phase 2
Alopexx   DI-Leu16-IL2   Phase 2
Philogen   Darleukin   Phase 2
Apeiron   Hu14.18-IL2   Phase 1
Alkermes   ALKS 4230   Phase 1/2
Cue Biopharma   CUE-101   Phase 1
Sanofi (formerly Synthorx)   THOR-707   Phase 1
Neoleukin   NL-201   Preclinical
Pivotal Biosciences   PB101   Preclinical
BioNTech   BNT151   Preclinical
Ascendis Pharma   Transcon IL-2   Preclinical

 

Many of the programs in development that are ahead of Medicenna are engineered variants of IL-2 that each attempt to reduce CD25 binding and extend the therapeutic window of native IL-2. To our knowledge Medicenna is the only IL-2 product in development which significantly reduces CD25 binding while also increasing CD122 binding which increases efficacy. In addition to these benefits our candidates MDNA19 and MDNA11 also increase the half-life to allow for dosing every 2 or 3 weeks.

 

IL-4 and IL-13 Superkines

 

Medicenna’s IL-4 and IL-13 Superkines are engineered versions of wild type cytokines which possess enhanced affinity and selectivity for either the Type 1 or Type 2 IL4R. This selectivity is achieved through mutations of the IL-4 or IL-13 proteins to enhance affinity for binding to specific IL4R subunits. Additional mutations have also been engineered to modulate their bioactivity, resulting in Superkines with enhanced signaling (super-agonists) or the ability to block signaling (super-antagonists).

 

One promising IL-13 Superkine antagonist is MDNA413. Compared to wild type IL-13, MDNA413 has been engineered to have 2,000-fold higher selectivity for the Type 2 IL4R and which potently blocks IL-4 and IL-13 signaling (Moraga et al, 2015). Blocking of Type 2 IL4R by MDNA413 may be relevant not only for targeting solid tumors that overexpress this receptor, but also the Th2 biased tumour microenvironment, which shields the cancer from the immune system.

 

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Another promising IL-13 Superkine is MDNA132. Unlike MDNA413, MDNA132 is an IL-13 ligand that has been engineered to increase affinity for IL13R alpha2 overexpressed on certain solid tumors while exhibiting sharply decreased affinity for IL13R alpha1. Medicenna believes MDNA132 has superior targeting compared to other IL-13 variants in development, and is an attractively differentiated targeting domain for inclusion in new and exciting field of immuno-oncology based on the CAR-T platform.

 

Limited work on MDNA413 and MDNA132 were completed in the past three years and development timelines for MDNA413 and MDNA132 have yet to be established.

 

Trends

 

The Company anticipates that its current level of cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities, including the over-allotment exercised subsequent to the year end, will be sufficient to execute its current planned expenditures for more than the next 24 months without further financing being obtained. This estimate assumes continued development of MDNA55 to the End of Phase 2 regulatory meeting with the FDA, completion of non-GLP and GLP pre-clinical studies, GMP manufacturing for pre-clinical and clinical studies of MDNA19 or MDNA11 as well as initiation and completion of Phase 1/2a clinical studies for MDNA11 or MDNA19. It does not factor in any future warrant exercises or reimbursement from CPRIT.

 

Based on the above, Medicenna currently anticipates an increase in expenditures relating to Medicenna’s preclinical programs, specifically the MDNA109 platform as it moves toward the clinic in 2021. However, expenditures on the MDNA55 clinical trial are expected to decrease as the clinical development is complete and additional development will not begin without additional funding being obtained. Accordingly, cash burn is projected to increase over the next 12 months and the Company has sufficient capital to execute its planned operations for more than the next 24 months.

 

Intellectual Property and Partnerships

 

Medicenna regards its intellectual property rights as one of the foundation blocks upon which it continues to build a successful biopharmaceutical development company. Medicenna has established a strong and defensive intellectual property position to protect its proprietary technologies. To date, Medicenna has 16 patent families providing patent protection in the US and in contracting states to the Patent Corporation Treaty. The company has a total of eleven issued patents and several patent applications pending in the United States, as well as a number of granted and pending applications worldwide.

 

Patent families owned or licensed by Medicenna related to MDNA55 (granted US cases listed):

 

1.Method for Convection Enhanced Delivery of Therapeutic Agents (U.S. Patent No. 7,371,225)

 

2.Targeted Cargo Protein Combination Therapy (U.S. Patent No. 9,629,899)

 

3.IL-4 Fusion Formulations for Treatment of Central Nervous System Tumors

 

4.Treating Cancer Stem Cells Using Targeted Cargo Proteins

 

5.ILR4 as a Biomarker in Cancer (patent pending)

 

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Expiry dates for the above patents and related family members range from 2023 to 2040.

 

In addition to the above patent protection, MDNA55 has market exclusivity via Orphan Drug Designation in the United States (7 years) and Europe (10 years) for the treatment of GBM, as well as, Biologics Data Exclusivity in the United States (12 years), Europe (10 years), Canada (8 years) and other markets where similar means of exclusivity are available.

 

Patent families owned or licensed by Medicenna related to the Superkine and Empowered Superkine platforms (granted US cases listed):

 

1.Superagonists and Antagonists of Interleukin-2 (U.S. Patent No. 9,428,567 and U.S. Patent No. 10,183,980)

 

2.Superkines and Synthekines: Repurposed Cytokines with New and Enhanced Signaling Activities (U.S. Patent No. 9,738,696)

 

3.Therapeutic IL-13 Polypeptides (U.S. Patent No. 9,512,194, U.S. Patent No. 9,732,133, and U.S. Patent No. 10,227,389)

 

4.Interleukin-4 Receptor-Binding Fusion Proteins and Uses Thereof (Pro-apoptotic Fusions) (U.S. Patent No. 10,093,708)

 

5.Interleukin-4 Receptor Binding Fusion Proteins and Uses Thereof (Anti-apoptotic Fusions) (U.S. Patent No. 10,106,592)

 

6.IL-13 Superkine: Immune Cell Targeting Constructs and Methods of Use Thereof

 

7.IL-2 Fusion Proteins and Uses Thereof

 

8.Superagonists, Partial Agonists and Antagonists of Interleukin-2 (U.S. Patent No. 10,150,802)

 

9.IL-13 Superkine: Immune Cell Targeting Constructs and Methods of Use Thereof (patent pending)

 

10.IL-2 Superagonists in Combination with Anti-PD-1 Antibodies

 

11.Uses and Methods for Oncolytic Virus Targeting of IL-4/IL-13 and Fusions (patent pending)

 

Expiry dates for the above patents and related family members range from 2031 to 2039. Medicenna has Biologics Data Exclusivity for the above programs in the United States (12 years), Europe (10 years), Canada (8 years) and in other markets where similar means of exclusivity are available.

 

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CPRIT Agreement

 

In February 2015, the Company was awarded a grant by CPRIT whereby the Company is eligible to receive up to US$14,100,000 on eligible expenditures over a three-year period related to the development of the Company’s Phase 2b clinical program for MDNA55. In October 2017 the Company was granted a one year extension to the grant, allowing expenses to be claimed over a four-year period ending February 28, 2019. On February 4, 2019 the Company was approved for a further six-month extension until August 31, 2019 and on July 25, 2019 an additional six-month extension was granted to February 28, 2020 and on January 6, 2020 an additional six-month extension was granted to August 28, 2020. The Company does not anticipate requiring any additional extensions to the timelines.

 

Ongoing program funding from CPRIT is subject to a number of conditions including the satisfactory achievement of milestones that must be met to release additional CPRIT funding, evidence that the Company has raised 50% matching funds and maintaining substantial functions of the Company related to the project grant in Texas as well as using Texas-based subcontractors and collaborators wherever possible. There can be no assurances that the Company will continue to meet the necessary CPRIT criteria or that CPRIT will continue to advance additional funds to the Company.

 

If the Company is found to have used any grant proceeds for purposes other than intended, is in violation of the terms of the grant, or relocates its MDNA55 related operations outside of the state of Texas, then the Company is required to repay any grant proceeds received.

 

Under the terms of the grant, the Company is also required to pay a royalty to CPRIT, comprised of 3-5% of revenues on net sales of MDNA55 until aggregate royalty payments equal 400% of the grant funds received, at which time the ongoing royalty will be 0.5%.

 

Business Strategy

 

Medicenna’s strategy to reduce risk is to diversify the assets in Medicenna’s pipeline based on their stage of development, mechanism of action and target product profile. To achieve this goal, we in-licensed the Superkine platform from Stanford. These candidates, namely IL-2, IL-4 and IL-13 Superkines, of which the lead preclinical program is based on the IL-2 super-agonist platform, MDNA109are expected to enable the company to develop a library of cytokine candidates. The resulting early stage preclinical product candidates derived from the Superkine and EC platforms have a different mechanism of action and target product profile compared to MDNA55, Medicenna’s late stage candidate. By adopting a balanced approach, Medicenna is less reliant on a single product in Medicenna’s pipeline, with greater upside potential through opportunities to partner or develop on its own, multiple products. Medicenna believes that establishing a pipeline of drug candidates with distinct mechanisms of actions targeting multiple disease indications mitigates development risk. Medicenna intends to achieve its business strategy by focusing on the following key areas:

 

1.Maximize the potential clinical and commercial success of Medicenna’s drug candidates by pursuing development programs based on sound scientific rationale for multiple disease indications where there are significant unmet clinical needs. In the near-term, Medicenna’s focus will be to advance MDNA55 for the treatment of rGBM through to EOP2 meeting with the FDA as well advance the MDNA109 platform into IND enabling studies followed by Phase 1/2a clinical development;

 

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2.Optimize the therapeutic potential of Medicenna’s drug candidates by selecting sub-populations of patients who stand an improved chance of responding to treatment and employing the latest technologies and strategies for optimizing drug delivery;

 

3.Establish collaborations and relationships with leading scientific and clinical centres to effectively maximize the success of Medicenna’s drug development programs; and

 

4.Assess strategic alliances with select pharmaceutical and/or biotechnology companies where such alliances may enable successful development and commercialization of Medicenna’s drug candidates while maximizing its return on investment. Medicenna may conduct transactions with established strategic partners on a regional or worldwide basis to accelerate product development, improve Medicenna’s marketing strength and enhance its capability of bringing products to the markets worldwide.

 

Medicenna will continue to seek sources of non-dilutive funding as well as additional funds through equity financings and/or through collaborative arrangements with pharmaceutical and/or biotechnology companies for any of Medicenna’s products and technologies under development. Cash resources are carefully managed and focused on priority programs and initiatives. Accordingly, some initiatives may not be pursued or advanced in the near term as a prudent measure to preserve cash.

 

Regulatory Process

 

Government authorities in the United States, including federal, state, and local authorities, and in other countries, extensively regulate, among other things, the manufacturing, research and clinical development, marketing, labeling and packaging, storage, distribution, post-approval monitoring and reporting, advertising and promotion, and export and import of biological products, such as those Medicenna is developing. The process of obtaining regulatory approvals and the subsequent compliance with appropriate federal, state, local, and foreign statutes and regulations require the expenditure of substantial time and financial resources.

 

Securing final regulatory approval for the manufacture and sale of biological products in the United States, Europe, Canada and other commercial territories, is a long and costly process that is controlled by that particular territory’s regulatory agency. The regulatory agency in the United States is the FDA, in Canada it is Health Canada, and in Europe it is the EMA. Other regulatory agencies have similar regulatory approval processes, but each regulatory agency has its own approval processes. Approval in the United States, Canada or Europe does not assure approval by other regulatory agencies, although often test results from one country may be used in applications for regulatory approval in another country.

 

None of Medicenna’s products have been completely developed or tested and, therefore, Medicenna is not yet in a position to seek final regulatory approval to market any of Medicenna’s products. The time required to obtain approval by such regulatory authorities is unpredictable but typically takes many years following the commencement of preclinical studies and clinical trials and will require significant additional capital. See “Risk Factors” below.

 

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United States Government Regulation

 

In the United States, the FDA regulates drugs under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (“FDCA”), and its implementing regulations, and biologics under the FDCA and the Public Health Service Act (“PHSA”), and its implementing regulations. FDA approval is required before any new unapproved drug or biologic or dosage form, including a new use of a previously approved drug, can be marketed in the United States. Drugs and biologics are also subject to other federal, state, and local statutes and regulations. If Medicenna fails to comply with applicable FDA or other requirements at any time during the product development process, clinical testing, the approval process or after approval, Medicenna may become subject to administrative or judicial sanctions. These sanctions could include the FDA’s refusal to approve pending applications, license suspension or revocation, withdrawal of an approval, warning letters, product recalls, product seizures, total or partial suspension of production or distribution, civil monetary penalties or criminal prosecution. Any FDA enforcement action could have a material adverse effect on Medicenna.

 

The process required by the FDA before product candidates may be marketed in the United States generally involves the following:

 

·completion of extensive preclinical laboratory tests and preclinical animal studies, all performed in accordance with the Good Laboratory Practices (“GLP”) regulations;

 

·completion of extensive CMC (chemistry, manufacturing and control) to produce drug in accordance with current Good Manufacturing Practices (“cGMP”);

 

·submission to the FDA of an IND, which must become effective before human clinical trials may begin and must be updated annually;

 

·approval by an independent institutional review board (“IRB”) or ethics committee representing each clinical site before each clinical trial may be initiated;

 

·performance of adequate and well-controlled human clinical trials to establish the safety and efficacy of the product candidate for each proposed indication;

 

·preparation of and submission to the FDA of a new drug application (“NDA”) or biologics license application (“BLA”) after completion of all pivotal clinical trials;

 

·potential review of the product application by an FDA advisory committee, where appropriate and if applicable;

 

·a determination by the FDA within 60 days of its receipt of an NDA or BLA to file the application for review;

 

·satisfactory completion of an FDA pre-approval inspection of the manufacturing facilities where the proposed product is produced to assess compliance with cGMP;

 

·a potential FDA audit of the preclinical research and clinical trial sites that generated the data in support of the NDA or BLA; and

 

·FDA review and approval of an NDA or BLA prior to any commercial marketing or sale of the product in the United States

 

The preclinical research, including production of cGMP material, clinical testing and approval process require substantial time, effort, and financial resources, and Medicenna cannot be certain that any approvals for Medicenna’s product candidates will be granted on a timely basis, if at all.

 

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An IND is a request for authorization from the FDA to administer an investigational new drug product to humans in clinical trials. The central focus of an IND submission is on the general investigational plan and the protocol(s) for human clinical trials. The IND also includes description of the manufacturing process and testing of the batch, results of animal studies assessing the toxicology, pharmacokinetics, pharmacology, and pharmacodynamic characteristics of the product; and any available human data or literature to support the use of the investigational new drug. An IND must become effective before human clinical trials may begin. An IND will automatically become effective 30 days after receipt by the FDA, unless before that time the FDA raises concerns or questions related to the proposed clinical trials. In such a case, the IND may be placed on clinical hold and the IND sponsor and the FDA must resolve any outstanding concerns or questions before clinical trials can begin. Accordingly, submission of an IND may or may not result in the FDA allowing clinical trials to commence.

 

Clinical Trials

 

Clinical trials involve the administration of the investigational new drug to human subjects under the supervision of qualified investigators in accordance with Good Clinical Practices (“GCP”), which include the requirement that all research subjects provide their informed consent for their participation in any clinical trial. Clinical trials are conducted under protocols detailing, among other things, the objectives of the study, the parameters to be used in monitoring safety, and the efficacy criteria to be evaluated. A protocol for each clinical trial and any subsequent protocol amendments must be submitted to the FDA as part of the IND. Additionally, approval must also be obtained from each clinical trial site’s IRB or ethics committee, before the trials may be initiated, and the IRB or ethics committee must monitor the trial until completed. There are also requirements governing the reporting of ongoing clinical trials and clinical trial results to public registries.

 

The clinical investigation of a drug is generally divided into three or four phases. Although the phases are usually conducted sequentially, they may overlap or be combined.

 

·Phase 1. The drug is introduced into healthy human subjects with the target disease or condition. These studies are designed to evaluate safety, dosage tolerance, metabolism and pharmacologic actions of the investigational new drug in humans, the side effects associated with increasing doses, and where possible, to gain early evidence on effectiveness.

 

·Phase 2. The drug is administered to a limited patient population to evaluate dosage tolerance and optimal dosage, identify possible adverse side effects and safety risks, and preliminarily evaluate efficacy.

 

·Phase 3. The drug is administered to an expanded patient population, generally at geographically dispersed clinical trial sites to generate enough data to statistically evaluate dosage, clinical effectiveness and safety, to establish the overall benefit-risk relationship of the investigational new drug product, and to provide an adequate basis for physician labeling.

 

·Phase 4. In some cases, the FDA may condition approval of an NDA or BLA for a product candidate on the sponsor’s agreement to conduct additional clinical trials after approval. In other cases, a sponsor may voluntarily conduct additional clinical trials after approval to gain more information about the drug. Such post-approval studies are typically referred to as Phase 4 clinical trials.

 

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Clinical trial sponsors must also report to the FDA, within certain timeframes, serious and unexpected adverse reactions, any clinically important increase in the rate of a serious suspected adverse reaction over that listed in the protocol or investigator’s brochure, or any findings from other studies or animal testing that suggest a significant risk in humans exposed to the product candidate. The FDA, the IRB or ethics committee, or the clinical trial sponsor may suspend or terminate a clinical trial at any time on various grounds, including a finding that the research subjects are being exposed to an unacceptable health risk. Additionally, some clinical trials are overseen by an independent group of qualified experts organized by the clinical trial sponsor, known as a data safety monitoring board or committee. This group provides authorization for whether or not a trial may move forward at designated check points based on access to certain data from the trial.

 

The clinical trial process can take years to complete, and there can be no assurance that the data collected will support FDA approval or licensure of the product. Results from one trial are not necessarily predictive of results from later trials. Medicenna may also suspend or terminate a clinical trial based on evolving business objectives and/or competitive climate.

 

Submission of an NDA or BLA to the FDA

 

Assuming successful completion of all required preclinical studies and clinical testing in accordance with all applicable regulatory requirements, detailed investigational new drug product information is submitted to the FDA in the form of an NDA or BLA requesting approval to market the product for one or more indications. Under federal law, the submission of most NDAs and BLAs is subject to an application user fee. For the year 2020, the application user fee exceeds US$2.943 million. This fee is typically increased annually. Applications for orphan drug products are exempted from the NDA and BLA application user fee, unless the application includes an indication for other than a rare disease or condition.

 

An NDA or BLA must include all relevant data available from pertinent preclinical studies and clinical trials, including negative or ambiguous results as well as positive findings, together with detailed information relating to the product’s chemistry, manufacturing, controls, and proposed labeling, among other things. Data come from company-sponsored clinical trials intended to test the safety and effectiveness of a use of a product, and may also come from a number of alternative sources, including trials initiated by investigators. To support marketing approval, the data submitted must be sufficient in quality and quantity to establish the safety and efficacy of the investigational new drug product to the satisfaction of the FDA.

 

Once an NDA or BLA has been submitted, the FDA’s goal is to review the application within ten months after it accepts the application for filing, or, if the application relates to an unmet medical need in a serious or life-threatening indication, six months after the FDA accepts the application for filing. The review process is often significantly extended by the FDA’s requests for additional information or clarification.

 

Before approving an NDA or BLA, the FDA typically will inspect the facility or facilities where the product is manufactured. The FDA will not approve an application unless it determines that the manufacturing processes and facilities are in compliance with cGMP requirements and adequate to assure consistent production of the product within required specifications. Additionally, before approving an NDA or BLA, the FDA will typically inspect one or more clinical sites to assure compliance with GCP.

 

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The FDA is required to refer an NDA or BLA for a novel drug (in which no active ingredient has been approved in any other application) to an advisory committee or explain why such referral was not made. Typically, an advisory committee is a panel of independent experts, including clinicians and other scientific experts, that reviews, evaluates and provides a recommendation as to whether the application should be approved and under what conditions. The FDA is not bound by the recommendations of an advisory committee, but it considers such recommendations carefully when making decisions.

 

The FDA’s Decision on an NDA or BLA

 

After the FDA evaluates the NDA or BLA and conducts inspections of manufacturing facilities where the product will be produced, the FDA will issue either an approval letter or a complete response letter (“Complete Response Letter”). An approval letter authorizes commercial marketing of the drug with specific prescribing information for specific indications. A Complete Response Letter indicates that the review cycle of the application is complete and the application is not ready for approval. In order to satisfy deficiencies identified in a Complete Response Letter, additional clinical data and/or additional Phase 3 clinical trial(s), and/or other significant, expensive and time-consuming requirements related to clinical trials, preclinical studies or manufacturing may be required for the product candidate. Even if such additional information is submitted, the FDA may ultimately decide that the NDA or BLA does not satisfy the criteria for approval. The FDA could also approve the NDA or BLA with a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy, plan to mitigate risks, which could include medication guides, physician communication plans, or elements to assure safe use, such as restricted distribution methods, patient registries and other risk minimization tools. The FDA also may condition approval on, among other things, changes to proposed labeling, development of adequate controls and specifications, or a commitment to conduct one or more post-market studies or clinical trials. Such post-market testing may include Phase 4 clinical trials and surveillance to further assess and monitor the product’s safety and effectiveness after commercialization. New government requirements, including those resulting from new legislation, may be established, or the FDA’s policies may change, which could delay or prevent regulatory approval of Medicenna’s products under development.

 

Patent Term Restoration

 

Depending upon the timing, duration, and specifics of the FDA approval of the use of Medicenna’s product candidates, some of Medicenna’s United States patents may be eligible for limited patent term extension under the Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984, commonly referred to as the Hatch-Waxman Amendments. The Hatch-Waxman Amendments permit a patent restoration term of up to five years as compensation for patent term lost during product development and the FDA regulatory review process. However, patent term restoration cannot extend the remaining term of a patent beyond a total of 14 years from the product’s approval date. The patent term restoration period is generally one-half the time between the effective date of an IND and the submission date of an NDA or BLA, plus the time between the submission date and the approval of that application. Only one patent applicable to an approved product is eligible for the extension and the application for the extension must be submitted prior to the expiration of the patent and within 60 days of the product’s approval. The United States Patent and Trademark Office, in consultation with the FDA, reviews and approves the application for any patent term extension or restoration. In the future, Medicenna may apply for restoration of patent term for one of Medicenna’s currently owned or licensed patents to add patent life beyond its current expiration date, depending on the expected length of the clinical trials and other factors involved in the filing of the relevant NDA or BLA.

 

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Companion Diagnostics

 

In its August 6, 2014 guidance document entitled “In Vitro Companion Diagnostic Devices,” the FDA defines an “IVD companion diagnostic device” to be an in vitro diagnostic device that provides information that is essential for the safe and effective use of a corresponding therapeutic product. Use of an IVD companion diagnostic device is considered essential when its use is required in the labeling of a therapeutic product, for example, to select appropriate patients for a product or those who should not use the product, or to monitor patients to achieve safety or effectiveness. In most circumstances, the IVD companion diagnostic device should be approved or cleared by FDA under the device authorities of the FDCA contemporaneously with the therapeutic product’s approval under section 505 of the FDCA for a drug or section 351 of the PHSA for a biological product. FDA expects the therapeutic product sponsor to address the need for an approved or cleared IVD companion diagnostic device in its therapeutic product development plan. The therapeutic product sponsor may develop its own IVD companion diagnostic device, partner with a diagnostic device sponsor to develop an IVD companion diagnostic device, or explore modifying an existing IVD diagnostic device to develop a new intended use. The FDA explains if a diagnostic device and a therapeutic device are studied together to support their respective approvals, both products can be studied in the same investigational study that meets both the requirements of the Investigational Device Exemption, regulations and the IND regulations.

 

Specialized Skill and Knowledge

 

Medicenna’s business requires personnel with specialized skills and knowledge in the fields of basic and applied immunotherapy and immunology, oncology in general, the treatment of GBM, as well as drug delivery to the brain. Medicenna has subcontracted out several key functions to highly specialized individuals and companies to conduct the preclinical development of MDNA19 and MDNA11, manufacturing of MDNA19 and/or MDNA11 as well as MDNA55, the clinical program and regulatory activities associated with the EOP2 meetings with the FDA. These programs are overseen by Medicenna’s Chief Executive Officer, Head of Clinical Development and Chief Development Officer, to ensure proper and timely completion of the required activities. Medicenna worked with world renowned brain cancer treatment centres for Medicenna’s Phase 2b clinical trial of MDNA55. In addition, some of the leading experts in North America and Europe with respect to drug delivery to the brain, contribute towards Medicenna’s clinical and regulatory efforts.

 

Employees

 

As at March 31, 2020, Medicenna had 7 full-time employees and two part-time consultants, including four holding PhD degrees, one holding an MD and other employees holding M.Sc. and MBA degrees or CPA designations.

 

Medicenna’s employees are not governed by a collective bargaining agreement. Medicenna depends on certain key members of its management and scientific staff and the loss of services of one or more of these persons could adversely affect the Company.

 

Medicenna also uses consultants and outside contractors to carry on many of Medicenna’s activities, including preclinical testing and validation, formulation, assay development, manufacturing, clinical and regulatory affairs, toxicology and clinical trials.

 

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Legal Proceedings

 

To Medicenna’s knowledge, there have not been any legal or arbitration proceedings, including those relating to bankruptcy, receivership or similar proceedings, those involving any third party, and governmental proceedings pending or known to be contemplated, which may have, or have had in the recent past, significant effect Medicenna’s financial position or profitability.

 

To Medicenna’s knowledge, there have been no material proceedings in which any director, any member of senior management, or any of Medicenna’s affiliates is either a party adverse to Medicenna or any of Medicenna’s subsidiaries or has a material interest adverse to Medicenna or any of Medicenna’s subsidiaries.

 

RISK FACTORS

 

An investment in the Common Shares involves a high degree of risk and should be considered speculative. An investment in the Common Shares should only be undertaken by those persons who can afford the total loss of their investment. Investors should carefully consider the risks and uncertainties set forth below, as well as other information described elsewhere in this AIF. The risks and uncertainties below are not the only ones the Company faces. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to Medicenna or that Medicenna believes to be immaterial may also adversely affect Medicenna’s business. If any of the following risks occur, Medicenna’s business, financial condition and results of operations could be seriously harmed and you could lose all or part of your investment. Further, if Medicenna fails to meet the expectations of the public market in any given period, the market price of Medicenna’s Common Shares could decline. Medicenna operates in a highly competitive environment that involves significant risks and uncertainties, some of which are outside of Medicenna’s control.

 

Risks Related to the Company’s Business and the Company’s Industry

 

The Company has no sources of product revenue and will not be able to maintain operations and research and development without sufficient funding.

 

The Company has no sources of product revenue and cannot predict when or if it will generate product revenue. The Company’s ability to generate product revenue and ultimately become profitable depends upon its ability, alone or with partners, to successfully develop the product candidates, obtain regulatory approval, and commercialize products, including any of the current product candidates, or other product candidates that may be developed, in-licensed or acquired in the future. The Company does not anticipate generating revenue from the sale of products for the foreseeable future. The Company expects research and development expenses to increase in connection with ongoing activities, particularly as MDNA55 is advanced through clinical trials and the MDNA109 platform (MDNA19 or MDNA11) is advanced towards the clinic.

 

The Company will require significant additional capital resources to expand its business, in particular the further development of its proposed products. Advancing its product candidates or acquisition and development of any new products or product candidates will require considerable resources and additional access to capital markets. In addition, the Company’s future cash requirements may vary materially from those now expected.

 

The Company can potentially seek additional funding through corporate collaborations and licensing arrangements, through public or private equity or debt financing, or through other transactions. However, if clinical trial results are neutral or unfavourable, or if capital market conditions in general, or with respect to life sciences companies such as Medicenna, are unfavourable, the Company’s ability to obtain significant additional funding on acceptable terms, if at all, will be negatively affected. Additional financing that it may pursue may involve the sale of the Common Shares or financial instruments that are exchangeable for, or convertible into, the Common Shares, which could result in significant dilution to its shareholders. If sufficient capital is not available, the Company may be required to delay the implementation of its business strategy, which could have a material adverse effect on its business, financial condition, prospects or results of operations.

 

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The Company is highly dependent upon certain key personnel and their loss could adversely affect the its ability to achieve its business objective.

 

The loss of Dr. Fahar Merchant, the President and Chief Executive Officer, Rosemina Merchant, the Chief Development Officer, or other key members of the scientific and operating staff could harm the Company. Employment agreements exist with Dr. Merchant and Ms. Merchant, although such employment agreements do not guarantee their retention. The Company also depends on scientific and clinical collaborators and advisors, all of whom have outside commitments that may limit their availability. In addition, the Company believes that future success will depend in large part upon its ability to attract and retain highly skilled scientific, managerial, medical, clinical and regulatory personnel. Agreements have been entered into with scientific and clinical collaborators and advisors, key opinion leaders and academic partners in the ordinary course of business as well as with physicians and institutions who recruited patients into the MDNA55 clinical trial and will recruit patients into future clinical trials. Notwithstanding these arrangements, there is significant competition for these types of personnel from other companies, research and academic institutions, government entities and other organizations. The loss of the services of any of the executive officers or other key personnel could potentially harm the Company’s business, operating results or financial condition.

 

If the Company breaches any of the agreements under which it licenses rights to product candidates or technology from third parties, it can lose license rights that are important to its business. The Company’s current license agreements may not provide an adequate remedy for breach by the licensor.

 

The Company is developing MDNA55, the MDNA109 platform (MDNA19 and MDNA11) and other earlier stage preclinical and discovery drug candidates pursuant to license agreements with NIH and Stanford (collectively, the “Licensors”). The Company is subject to a number of risks associated with its collaboration with the Licensors, including the risk that the Licensors may terminate the license agreement upon the occurrence of certain specified events. The license agreement requires, among other things, that the Company makes certain payments and use reasonable commercial efforts to meet certain clinical and regulatory milestones. If the Company fails to comply with any of these obligations or otherwise breach this or similar agreements, the Licensors or any future licensors may have the right to terminate the license in whole. The Company can also suffer the consequences of non-compliance or breaches by Licensors in connection with the license agreements. Such non-compliance or breaches by such third parties can in turn result in breaches or defaults under the Company’s agreements with other collaboration partners, and the Company can be found liable for damages or lose certain rights, including rights to develop and/or commercialize a product or product candidate. Loss of the Company’s rights to the licensed intellectual property or any similar license granted to it in the future, or the exclusivity rights provided therein, can harm the Company’s financial condition and operating results.

 

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Clinical drug development involves a lengthy and expensive process with an uncertain outcome, results of earlier studies and trials may not be predictive of future trial results, and the Company’s product candidates may not have favourable results in later trials or in the commercial setting.

 

Clinical testing is expensive and can take many years to complete, and its outcome is inherently uncertain. Failure can occur at any time during the clinical trial process. The results of preclinical studies and early clinical trials may not be predictive of the results of later-stage clinical trials. In the case of MDNA55, the promising results seen in the Phase 2b clinical study may not be replicated in a randomized, controlled Phase 3 clinical study. Success in preclinical or animal studies and early clinical trials does not ensure that later large-scale efficacy trials will be successful nor does it predict final results. This is applicable to the MDNA109 platform (MDNA19 and MDNA11) as the promising preclinical data may not be replicated in a clinical setting. Favourable results in early trials may not be repeated in later trials. There is no assurance the FDA, the EMA or other similar government bodies will view the results as the Company does or that any future trials of its proposed products for other indications will achieve positive results. Product candidates in later stages of clinical trials may fail to show the desired safety and efficacy traits despite having progressed through preclinical studies and initial clinical trials.

 

The Company will be required to demonstrate through larger-scale clinical trials that any potential future product is safe and effective for use in a diverse population before it can seek regulatory approvals for commercial sale of its product. There is typically an extremely high rate of attrition from the failure of product candidates proceeding through clinical and post-approval trials. If MDNA55 fails to demonstrate sufficient safety and efficacy in future clinical trials, the Company’s operations and financial condition will be adversely impacted.

 

If the Company’s competitors develop and market products that are more effective than the Company’s existing product candidates or any products it may develop, or if they obtain marketing approval before it does, the Company’s products may be rendered obsolete or uncompetitive.

 

Technological competition from pharmaceutical companies, biotechnology companies and universities is intense and is expected to increase. Many of the Company’s competitors and potential competitors have substantially greater product development capabilities and financial, scientific, marketing and human resources than the Company does. Our future success depends in part on our ability to maintain a competitive position, including our ability to further progress MDNA55 and the MDNA109 platform (MDNA19 and MDNA11) through the necessary preclinical and clinical trials towards regulatory approval for sale and commercialization. Other companies may succeed in commercializing products earlier than we are able to commercialize our products or they may succeed in developing products that are more effective than our products. While the Company will seek to expand its technological capabilities in order to remain competitive, there can be no assurance that developments by others will not render its products non-competitive or that the Company or its licensors will be able to keep pace with technological developments. Competitors have developed technologies that could be the basis for competitive products. Some of those products may have an entirely different approach or means of accomplishing the desired therapeutic effect than the Company’s products and may be more effective or less costly than its products. In addition, other forms of medical treatment may offer competition to the products. The success of the Company’s competitors and their products and technologies relative to its technological capabilities and competitiveness could have a material adverse effect on the future preclinical and clinical trials of its products, including its ability to obtain the necessary regulatory approvals for the conduct of such trials.

 

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The Company is subject to the restrictions and conditions of the CPRIT agreement. Failure to comply with the CPRIT agreement may adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and results of operations.

 

The Company has obtained a grant from CPRIT to fund a portion of its operations to date. The CPRIT grant is subject to the Company’s compliance with the scope of work outlined in the CPRIT agreement and demonstration of its progress towards achievement of the milestones set forth in the CPRIT agreement. If the Company fails to comply with the terms of the CPRIT agreement, it may not receive the remaining US$1.4 million tranche of the CPRIT grant or it may be required to reimburse some or the entire CPRIT grant. Further, the CPRIT grant may only be applied to a limited number of allowable expenses. Failure to obtain the remaining tranche of the CPRIT grant or being required to reimburse all or a portion of the CPRIT grant may cause a halt or delay in ongoing operations, which may adversely affect the Company’s financial condition and operating results.

 

The Company relies and will continue to rely on third parties to plan, conduct and monitor preclinical studies and clinical trials, and their failure to perform as required could cause substantial harm to the Company’s business.

 

The Company relies and will continue to rely on third parties to conduct a significant portion of clinical development and planned preclinical activities. Preclinical activities include in vivo studies providing access to specific disease models, pharmacology and toxicology studies, and assay development. Clinical development activities include trial design, regulatory submissions, clinical patient recruitment, clinical trial monitoring, clinical data management and analysis, safety monitoring and project management. If there is any dispute or disruption in the Company’s relationship with third parties, or if the Company is unable to provide quality services in a timely manner and at a feasible cost, any active development programs could face delays. Further, if any of these third parties fails to perform as expected or if their work fails to meet regulatory requirements, testing could be delayed, cancelled or rendered ineffective.

 

The Company relies on contract manufacturers over whom the Company has limited control. If the Company is subject to quality, cost or delivery issues with the preclinical and clinical grade materials supplied by contract manufacturers, business operations could suffer significant harm.

 

The Company has limited manufacturing experience and relies on contract development and manufacturing organizations (“CDMOs”), to manufacture MDNA55 for clinical trials and the MDNA109 platform (MDNA19 or MDNA11) for preclinical development. The Company relies on CDMOs for manufacturing, filling, packaging, storing and shipping of drug product in compliance with cGMP, regulations applicable to its products. The FDA ensures the quality of drug products by carefully monitoring drug manufacturers’ compliance with cGMP regulations. The cGMP regulations for drugs contain minimum requirements for the methods, facilities and controls used in manufacturing, processing and packing of a drug product. The Company plans to utilize CDMOs that are licensed by both the FDA and the EMA.

 

There can be no assurances that the CDMOs selected will be able to meet future timetables and requirements. If the Company is unable to arrange for alternative third-party manufacturing sources on commercially reasonable terms or in a timely manner, it may delay the development of the product candidates. Further, contract manufacturers must operate in compliance with cGMP and failure to do so could result in, among other things, the disruption of product supplies. The Company’s dependence upon third parties for the manufacture of its products may adversely affect profit margins and ability to develop and deliver products on a timely and competitive basis.

 

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The Company’s future success is dependent primarily on the regulatory approval of a single product.

 

The Company does not have any products that have gained regulatory approval. Currently, its only clinical product candidate is MDNA55. As a result, the Company’s near-term prospects, including its ability to finance its operations and generate revenue, are substantially dependent on its ability to obtain regulatory approval for, and, if approved, to successfully commercialize MDNA55 in a timely manner. The Company cannot commercialize MDNA55 or other future product candidates in the United States without first obtaining regulatory approval for the product from the FDA; similarly, it cannot commercialize MDNA55 or other future product candidates outside of the United States without obtaining regulatory approval from comparable foreign regulatory authorities. Although MDNA55 has received Orphan Drug (FDA, EMA) and Fast Track (FDA) designations, there can be no assurance regulatory approval will be granted. Before obtaining regulatory approvals for the commercial sale of MDNA55 or other future product candidates for a target indication, the Company must demonstrate with substantial evidence gathered in preclinical and clinical studies to the satisfaction of the relevant regulatory authorities, that the product candidate is safe and effective for use for that target indication and that the manufacturing facilities, processes and controls are adequate. Many of these factors are beyond the Company’s control. If the Company, or its potential commercialization collaborators, are unable to successfully commercialize MDNA55, the Company may not be able to earn sufficient revenues to continue its business.

 

The Company may not achieve its publicly announced milestones according to schedule, or at all.

 

From time to time, the Company may announce the timing of certain events expected to occur, such as the anticipated timing of results from clinical trials. These statements are forward-looking and are based on the best estimates of management at the time relating to the occurrence of such events. However, the actual timing of such events may differ from what has been publicly disclosed. The timing of events such as initiation or completion of a clinical trial, filing of an application to obtain regulatory approval, or announcement of additional clinical trials for a product candidate may ultimately vary from what is publicly disclosed. These variations in timing may occur as a result of different events, including the ability to recruit patients in a clinical trial in a timely manner, the nature of results obtained during a clinical trial or during a research phase, problems with a CDMO or a contract research organization (“CRO”), or any other event having the effect of delaying the publicly announced timeline. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking information, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as otherwise required by law. Any variation in the timing of previously announced milestones could have a material adverse effect on the business plan, financial condition or operating results and the trading price of the Common Shares.

 

MDNA55 is in the mid stages of clinical development and the MDNA109 platform (MDNA19 and MDNA11) in preclinical development and, as a result, the Company will be unable to predict whether it will be able to profitably commercialize its product candidates.

 

The Company has not received regulatory approval for the sale of MDNA55 in any market. Accordingly, the Company has not generated any revenues from product sales. A substantial commitment of resources to conduct clinical trials and for additional product development will be required to commercialize all of our product candidates. There can be no assurance that MDNA55, the MDNA109 platform (MDNA19 and MDNA11) or any of our other product candidates will meet applicable regulatory standards, be capable of being produced in commercial quantities at reasonable cost or be successfully marketed, or that the investment made by the Company in the commercialization of the products will be recovered through sales, license fees or related royalties.

 

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The Company will be subject to extensive government regulation that will increase the cost and uncertainty associated with gaining final regulatory approval of its product candidates.

 

Securing final regulatory approval for the manufacture and sale of human therapeutic products in the United States, Canada and other markets is a long and costly process that is controlled by that particular country’s national regulatory agency. Approval in the United States, Canada or Europe does not assure approval by other national regulatory agencies, although often test results from one country may be used in applications for regulatory approval in another country. Other national regulatory agencies have similar regulatory approval processes, but each is different.

 

Prior to obtaining final regulatory approval to market a drug product, every national regulatory agency has a variety of statutes and regulations which govern the principal development activities. These laws require controlled research and testing of products, government review and approval of a submission containing preclinical and clinical data establishing the safety and efficacy of the product for each use sought, approval of manufacturing facilities including adherence to cGMP during production and storage and control of marketing activities, including advertising and labelling. There can be no assurance that MDNA55 or the MDNA109 platform (MDNA19 and MDNA11) will be successfully commercialized in any given country. There can be no assurance that the Company’s licensed products will prove to be safe and effective in clinical trials under the standards of the regulations in the various jurisdictions or receive applicable regulatory approvals from applicable regulatory bodies.

 

Negative results from clinical trials or studies of third parties and adverse safety events involving the targets of the Company’s products may have an adverse impact on future commercialization efforts.

 

From time to time, studies or clinical trials on various aspects of biopharmaceutical products are conducted by academic researchers, competitors or others. The results of these studies or trials, when published, may have a significant effect on the market for the biopharmaceutical product that is the subject of the study. The publication of negative results of studies or clinical trials or adverse safety events related to the Company’s product candidates, or the therapeutic areas in which the Company’s product candidates compete, could adversely affect the share price and ability to finance future development of the Company’s product candidates, and the business and financial results could be materially and adversely affected.

 

The Company faces the risk of product liability claims, which could exceed its insurance coverage and produce recalls, each of which could deplete cash resources.

 

The Company is exposed to the risk of product liability claims alleging that use of its product candidate MDNA55, and in the future, the MDNA109 platform (MDNA19 and MDNA11), caused an injury or harm. These claims can arise at any point in the development, testing, manufacture, marketing or sale of product candidates and may be made directly by patients involved in clinical trials of product candidates, by consumers or healthcare providers or by individuals, organizations or companies selling the products. Product liability claims can be expensive to defend, even if the product or product candidate did not actually cause the alleged injury or harm.

 

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Insurance covering product liability claims becomes increasingly expensive as a product candidate moves through the development pipeline to commercialization. Currently the Company maintains clinical trial liability insurance coverage of $5 million. However, there can be no assurance that such insurance coverage is or will continue to be adequate or available at a cost acceptable to the Company or at all. The Company may choose or find it necessary under its collaborative agreements to increase the insurance coverage in the future but may not be able to secure greater or broader product liability insurance coverage on acceptable terms or at reasonable costs when needed. Any liability for damages resulting from a product liability claim could exceed the amount of the coverage, require payment of a substantial monetary award from the Company’s cash resources and have a material adverse effect on the business, financial condition and results of operations. Moreover, a product recall, if required, could generate substantial negative publicity about the products and business, inhibit or prevent commercialization of other products and product candidates or negatively impact existing or future collaborations.

 

Changes in government regulations, although beyond the Company’s control, could have an adverse effect on the Company’s business.

 

The Company depends upon the validity of its licenses and access to the data for the timely completion of clinical research. Any changes in the drug development regulatory environment or shifts in political attitudes of a government are beyond the Company’s control and may adversely affect its business. The Company’s business may also be affected in varying degrees by such factors as government regulations with respect to intellectual property, regulation or export controls. Such changes remain beyond the Company’s control and the effect of any such changes cannot be predicted. These factors could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s ability to further develop its licensed products.

 

The Company’s significant shareholders may have material influence over its governance and operations.

 

Dr. Fahar Merchant and Ms. Rosemina Merchant (collectively, the “Merchants”), hold a signficant interest in the Company’s outstanding Common Shares on a fully diluted basis. For as long as the Merchants maintain a significant interest in the Company, they may be in a position to affect the Company’s governance and operations. In addition, the Merchants may have significant influence over the passage of any resolution of the Company’s shareholders (such as those that would be required to amend the constating documents or take certain other corporate actions) and may, for all practical purposes, be able to ensure the passage of any such resolution by voting for it or prevent the passage of any such resolution by voting against it. The effect of this influence may be to limit the price that investors are willing to pay for the Common Shares. In addition, the potential that the Merchants may sell their Common Shares in the public market (commonly referred to as “market overhang”), as well as any actual sales of such Common Shares in the public market, could adversely affect the market price of the Common Shares.

 

If the Company is unable to enroll subjects in clinical trials, it will be unable to complete these trials on a timely basis.

 

It is anticipated that the COVID-19 pandemic crisis will impact ongoing trial activities across the industry due to the pressure placed on the healthcare system as well as governmental and institutional restrictions. The Company is not currently enrolling patients in a clinical study and does not plan to enrol additional patients until 2021. Should the COVID-19 pandemic continue into 2021 the Company’s will need to determine at that time if initiating a clinical trial is feasible and if so the clinical team will need to work closely with each clinical site and a CRO on a plan to ensure that patient safety and the integrity of data is maintained. It is noted that some clinical sites have paused or slowed enrollment in clinical trials, while other sites, less impacted, are continuing activities as planned.

 

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Patient enrollment, a significant factor in the timing of clinical trials, is affected by many factors including the size and nature of the patient population, the proximity of subjects to clinical sites, the eligibility criteria for the trial, the design of the clinical trial, ability to obtain and maintain patient consents, risk that enrolled subjects will drop out before completion, competing clinical trials and clinicians’ and patients’ perceptions as to the potential advantages of the drug being studied in relation to other available therapies, including any new drugs that may be approved for the indications the Company is investigating. Furthermore, the Company relies on CROs and clinical trial sites to ensure the proper and timely conduct of its clinical trials, and while it has agreements governing their committed activities, the Company has limited influence over their actual performance.

 

If the Company experiences delays in the completion or termination of any clinical trial of its proposed products or any future product candidates, the commercial prospects of its product candidates will be harmed and its ability to generate product revenues from any of these product candidates will be delayed. In addition, any delays in completing clinical trials will increase costs, slow down product candidate development and approval process and can shorten any periods during which the Company may have the exclusive right to commercialize its product candidates or allow its competitors to bring products to market before it does. Delays can further jeopardize the Company’s ability to commence product sales, which will impair its ability to generate revenues and may harm the business, results of operations, financial condition and cash flows and future prospects. In addition, many of the factors that can cause a delay in the commencement or completion of clinical trials may also ultimately lead to the denial of regulatory approval of its proposed products or its future product candidates.

 

The Company’s discovery and development processes involve use of hazardous and radioactive materials which may result in potential environmental exposure.

 

The Company’s discovery and development processes involve the controlled use of hazardous and radioactive materials. The Company is subject to federal, provincial, state and local laws and regulations governing the use, manufacture, storage, handling and disposal of such materials and certain waste products. Although the Company believes that the current safety procedures for handling and disposing of such materials comply with the standards prescribed by such laws and regulations, the risk of accidental contamination or injury from these materials cannot be completely eliminated. In the event of such an accident, the Company could be held liable for any damages that result and any such liability could exceed the Company’s resources. The Company is not specifically insured with respect to this liability. Although the Company believes that the Company is in compliance in all material respects with applicable environmental laws and regulations and currently does not expect to make material capital expenditures for environmental control facilities in the near term, there can be no assurance that the Company will not be required to incur significant costs to comply with environmental laws and regulations in the future, or that the operations, business or assets will not be materially adversely affected by current or future environmental laws or regulations.

 

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If the Company is unable to successfully develop companion diagnostics for its therapeutic product candidates, or experience significant delays in doing so, the Company may not achieve marketing approval or realize the full commercial potential of its therapeutic product candidates.

 

The Company plans to develop companion diagnostics for its therapeutic product candidates. It is expected that, at least in some cases, regulatory authorities may require the development and regulatory approval of a companion diagnostic as a condition to approving a therapeutic product candidate. The Company has limited experience and capabilities in developing or commercializing diagnostics and plans to rely in large part on third parties to perform these functions. The Company does not currently have any agreement in place with any third party to develop or commercialize companion diagnostics for any of its therapeutic product candidates.

 

Companion diagnostics are subject to regulation by the FDA, Health Canada and comparable foreign regulatory authorities as medical devices and may require separate regulatory approval or clearance prior to commercialization. If the Company, or any third parties that the Company engages to assist, are unable to successfully develop companion diagnostics for the Company’s therapeutic product candidates, or experience delays in doing so, the Company’s business may be substantially harmed.

 

Significant disruption in availability of key components for ongoing clinical studies could considerably delay completion of potential clinical trials, product testing and regulatory approval of potential product candidates.

 

The Company relies on third parties to supply ingredients and excipients for the manufacture and formulation of its drugs, catheters required to deliver the drug to the brain as well as imaging software to accurately place catheters in the tumor (“Components”). Each of the suppliers of these Components in turn need to comply with regulatory requirements. Any significant disruption in supplier relationships could harm the Company’s business, including the potential impact of COVID-19. Any significant delay in the supply of a Component, for a potential ongoing clinical study could considerably delay completion of potential clinical trials, product testing and regulatory approval of potential product candidates. If the Company or its suppliers are unable to purchase these Components after regulatory approval has been obtained for the product candidates, or the suppliers decide not to manufacture these Components or provide support for any of the Components, clinical trials or the commercial launch of that product candidate would be delayed or there would be a shortage in supply, which would impair the ability to generate revenues from the sale of the product candidates. It may take several years to establish an alternative source of supply for such Components and to have any such new source approved by the FDA and other regulatory agencies.

 

Risks Related to Intellectual Property and Litigation

 

The Company’s success depends upon its ability to protect its intellectual property and its proprietary technology.

 

The Company’s success depends, in part, on its ability and its licensors’ ability to obtain patents, maintain trade secrets protection and operate without infringing on the proprietary rights of third parties or having third parties circumvent its rights. Certain licensors and the institutions that they represent, and in certain cases, have filed and are actively pursuing certain applications for Canadian and foreign patents. The patent position of pharmaceutical and biotechnology firms is uncertain and involves complex legal and financial questions for which, in some cases, certain important legal principles remain unresolved. There can be no assurance that the patent applications made in respect of the owned or licensed products will result in the issuance of patents, that the term of a patent will be extendable after it expires in due course, that the licensors or the institutions that they represent will develop additional proprietary products that are patentable, that any patent issued to the licensors or the Company will provide it with any competitive advantages, that the patents of others will not impede its ability to do business or that third parties will not be able to circumvent or successfully challenge the patents obtained in respect of the licensed products. The cost of obtaining and maintaining patents is high. Furthermore, there can be no assurance that others will not independently develop similar products which duplicate any of the licensed products or, if patents are issued, design around the patent for the product. There can be no assurance that the Company’s processes or products or those of its licensors do not or will not infringe upon the patents of third parties or that the scope of its patents or those of its licensors will successfully prevent third parties from developing similar and competitive products.

 

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Much of the Company’s know-how and technology may not be patentable, though it may constitute trade secrets. There can be no assurance, however, that the Company will be able to meaningfully protect its trade secrets. To help protect its intellectual property rights and proprietary technology, the Company requires employees, consultants, advisors and collaborators to enter into confidentiality agreements. There can be no assurance that these agreements will provide meaningful protection for its intellectual property rights or other proprietary information in the event of any unauthorized use or disclosure.

 

The Company’s potential involvement in intellectual property litigation could negatively affect its business.

 

Its future success and competitive position depends in part upon its ability to maintain the its intellectual property portfolio. There can be no assurance that any patents will be issued on any existing or future patent applications. Even if such patents are issued, there can be no assurance that any patents issued or licensed to the Company will not be challenged. The Company’s ability to establish and maintain a competitive position may be achieved in part by prosecuting claims against others who it believes are infringing its rights and by defending claims brought by others who believe that the Company is infringing their rights. In addition, enforcement of its patents in foreign jurisdictions will depend on the legal procedures in those jurisdictions. Even if such claims are found to be invalid, the Company’s involvement in intellectual property litigation could have a material adverse effect on its ability to out-license any products that are the subject of such litigation. In addition, its involvement in intellectual property litigation could result in significant expense, which could materially adversely affect the use or licensing of related intellectual property and divert the efforts of its valuable technical and management personnel from their principal responsibilities, whether or not such litigation is resolved in its favour.

 

The Company’s reliance on third parties requires it to share its trade secrets, which increases the possibility that a competitor will discover them.

 

Because the Company relies on third parties to develop its products, it must share trade secrets with them. The Company seeks to protect its proprietary technology in part by entering into confidentiality agreements and, if applicable, material transfer agreements, collaborative research agreements, consulting agreements or other similar agreements with its collaborators, advisors, employees and consultants prior to beginning research or disclosing proprietary information. These agreements typically restrict the ability of the Company’s collaborators, advisors, employees and consultants to publish data potentially relating to the Company’s trade secrets. The Company’s academic collaborators typically have rights to publish data, provided that the Company is notified in advance and may delay publication for a specified time in order to secure its intellectual property rights arising from the collaboration. In other cases, publication rights are controlled exclusively by the Company, although in some cases it may share these rights with other parties. The Company also conducts joint research and development programs which may require it to share trade secrets under the terms of research and development collaboration or similar agreements. Despite the Company’s efforts to protect its trade secrets, its competitors may discover its trade secrets, either through breach of these agreements, independent development or publication of information including its trade secrets in cases where the Company does not have proprietary or otherwise protected rights at the time of publication. A competitor’s discovery of the Company’s trade secrets may impair its competitive position and could have a material adverse effect on its business and financial condition.

 

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Product liability claims are an inherent risk of the Company’s business, and if the Company’s clinical trial and product liability insurance prove inadequate, product liability claims may harm its business.

 

Human therapeutic products involve an inherent risk of product liability claims and associated adverse publicity. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to obtain or maintain product liability insurance on acceptable terms or with adequate coverage against potential liabilities. Such insurance is expensive, difficult to obtain and may not be available in the future on acceptable terms, or at all. An inability to obtain sufficient insurance coverage on reasonable terms or to otherwise protect against potential product liability claims could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business by preventing or inhibiting the commercialization of its products, licensed and owned, if a product is withdrawn or a product liability claim is brought against the Company.

 

Generally, a litigation risk exists for any company that may compromise its ability to conduct the Company’s business.

 

All industries are subject to legal claims, with and without merit. Defense and settlement costs can be substantial, even with respect to claims that have no merit. Due to the inherent uncertainty of the litigation process, the resolution of any particular legal proceeding could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, prospects, financial condition and results of operations.

 

Other Risks

 

Our Common Share price has been volatile in recent years, and may continue to be volatile.

 

The market prices for securities of biotechnology companies, including ours, have historically been volatile. In the year ended March 31, 2020, our Common Shares traded on the TSX at a high of $4.86 and a low of $0.64 per share. A number of factors could influence the volatility in the trading price of our Common Shares, including changes in the economy or in the financial markets, industry related developments, the results of product development and commercialization, changes in government regulations, and developments concerning proprietary rights, litigation and cash flow. Our quarterly losses may vary because of the timing of costs for clinical trials, manufacturing and preclinical studies. Also, the reporting of clinical data or the lack thereof, adverse safety events involving our products and public rumors about such events could cause our share price to decline or experience periods of volatility. Each of these factors could lead to increased volatility in the market price of our Common Shares. In addition, changes in the market prices of the securities of our competitors may also lead to fluctuations in the trading price of our Common Shares.

 

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Future sales or issuances of equity securities or the conversion of securities into Common Shares could decrease the value of the Common Shares, dilute investors’ voting power, and reduce earnings per share.

 

The Company may sell additional equity securities in future offerings, including through the sale of securities convertible into equity securities, to finance operations, acquisitions or projects, and issue additional Common Shares if outstanding securities are converted into Common Shares, which may result in dilution.

 

The Company’s board of directors will have the authority to authorize certain offers and sales of additional securities without the vote of, or prior notice to, shareholders. Based on the need for additional capital to fund expected expenditures and growth, it is likely that the Company will issue additional securities to provide such capital.

 

Sales of substantial amounts of securities, or the availability of such securities for sale, as well as the issuance of substantial amounts of Common Shares upon conversion or exchange of outstanding convertible or exchangeable securities, could adversely affect the prevailing market prices for securities and dilute investors’ earnings per share. A decline in the future market prices of the Company’s securities could impair its ability to raise additional capital through the sale of securities should it desire to do so.

 

In the past, following periods of volatility in the market price of a company’s securities, shareholders have instituted class action securities litigation against those companies. Such litigation, if instituted, could result in substantial costs and diversion of management attention and resources, which could significantly harm the Company’s profitability and reputation.

 

The market price for the Common Shares may also be affected by the Company’s ability to meet or exceed expectations of analysts or investors. Any failure to meet these expectations, even if minor, may have a material adverse effect on the market price of the Common Shares.

 

The Company is subject to foreign exchange risk relating to the relative value of the United States dollar.

 

A material portion of the Company’s expenses are denominated in United States dollars. As a result, the Company is subject to foreign exchange risks relating to the relative value of the Canadian dollar as compared to the United States dollar. A decline in the Canadian dollar would result in an increase in the actual amount of its expenses and adversely impact financial performance.

 

The Company’s disclosure controls and procedures may not prevent or detect all errors or acts of fraud.

 

The Company’s disclosure controls and procedures are designed to reasonably assure that information required to be disclosed by the Company in reports it files or submits under applicable securities laws is accumulated and communicated to management, recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified under applicable securities laws. The Company believes that any disclosure controls and procedures or internal controls and procedures, no matter how well conceived and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. These inherent limitations include the realities that judgments in decision-making can be faulty, and that breakdowns can occur because of simple error or mistake. Additionally, controls can be circumvented by the individual acts of some persons, by collusion of two or more people or by an unauthorized override of the controls. Accordingly, because of the inherent limitations in the Company’s control system, misstatements or insufficient disclosures due to error or fraud may occur and not be detected.

 

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Any failure to maintain an effective system of internal controls may result in material misstatements of the Company’s consolidated financial statements or cause the Company to fail to meet the reporting obligations or fail to prevent fraud; and in that case, shareholders could lose confidence in the Company’s financial reporting, which would harm the business and could negatively impact the price of the Common Shares.

 

Effective internal controls are necessary to provide reliable financial reports and prevent fraud. If there is a failure to maintain an effective system of internal controls, the Company might not be able to report financial results accurately or prevent fraud; and in that case, shareholders could lose confidence in the Company’s financial reporting, which would harm the business and could negatively impact the price of the Common Shares. While the Company believes that it will have sufficient personnel and review procedures to maintain an effective system of internal controls, no assurance can be provided that potential material weaknesses in internal control could arise. Even if it is concluded that the internal control over financial reporting provides reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of consolidated financial statements for external purposes in accordance with IFRS, as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB), because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect fraud or misstatements. Failure to implement required new or improved controls, or difficulties encountered in their implementation, could harm results of operations or cause a failure to meet future reporting obligations.

 

Failure to comply with the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”), the Canadian Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act (“CFPOA”), and other global anti-corruption and anti-bribery laws could subject the Company to penalties and other adverse consequences.

 

The FCPA and the CFPOA, as well as any other applicable domestic or foreign anti-corruption or anti-bribery laws to which the Company is or may become subject generally prohibit corporations and individuals from engaging in certain activities to obtain or retain business or to influence a person working in an official capacity and requires companies to maintain accurate books and records and internal controls, including at foreign-controlled subsidiaries.

 

Compliance with these anti-corruption laws and anti-bribery laws may be expensive and difficult, particularly in countries in which corruption is a recognized problem. In addition, these laws present particular challenges in the pharmaceutical industry, because, in many countries, hospitals are operated by the government, and physicians and other hospital employees are considered to be foreign officials. Certain payments by other companies to hospitals in connection with clinical trials and other work have been deemed to be improper payments to governmental officials and have led to FCPA enforcement actions.

 

The Company’s internal control policies and procedures may not protect it from reckless or negligent acts committed by the Company’s employees, future distributors, licensees or agents. The Company can make no assurance that they will not engage in prohibited conduct, and the Company may be held liable for their acts under applicable anti-corruption and anti-bribery laws. Noncompliance with these laws could subject the Company to investigations, sanctions, settlements, prosecution, other enforcement actions, disgorgement of profits, significant fines, damages, other civil and criminal penalties or injunctions, suspension or debarment from contracting with certain persons, the loss of export privileges, whistleblower complaints, reputational harm, adverse media coverage, and other collateral consequences. Any investigations, actions or sanctions or other previously mentioned harm could have a material negative effect on the Company’s business, operating results and financial condition.

 

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Any future profits will likely be used for the continued growth of the business and products and will not be used to pay dividends on the issued and outstanding shares.

 

The Company will not pay dividends on the issued and outstanding Common Shares in the foreseeable future. If the Company generates any future earnings, such cash resources will be retained to finance further growth and current operations. The board of directors will determine if and when dividends should be declared and paid in the future based on the Company’s financial position and other factors relevant at the particular time. Until the Company pays dividends, which it may never do, a shareholder will not be able to receive a return on his or her investment in the Common Shares unless such Common Shares are sold. In such event, a shareholder may only be able to sell his, her or its Common Shares at a price less than the price such shareholder originally paid for them, which could result in a significant loss of such shareholder’s investment.

 

The Company may pursue other business opportunities in order to develop its business and/or products.

 

From time to time, the Company may pursue opportunities for further research and development of other products. The Company’s success in these activities will depend on its ability to identify suitable technical experts, market needs, and effectively execute any such research and development opportunities. Any research and development would be accompanied by risks as a result of the use of business efforts and funds. In the event that the Company chooses to raise debt capital to finance any such research or development opportunities, its leverage will be increased. There can be no assurance that the Company would be successful in overcoming these risks or any other problems encountered in connection with any research or development opportunities.

 

The Company may acquire businesses or products, or form strategic alliances, in the future, and the Company may not realize the benefits of such acquisitions.

 

The Company may acquire additional businesses or products, form strategic alliances or create joint ventures with third parties that the Company believes will complement or augment its existing business. If the Company acquires businesses with promising products or technologies, the Company may not be able to realize the benefit of acquiring such businesses if the Company is unable to successfully integrate them with its existing operations and company culture. The Company may encounter numerous difficulties in developing, manufacturing and marketing any new products resulting from a strategic alliance or acquisition that delay or prevent it from realizing their expected benefits or enhancing the Company’s business. The Company cannot assure investors that, following any such acquisition, it will achieve the expected synergies to justify the transaction.

 

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The Company’s success depends on its ability to effectively manage its growth.

 

The Company may be subject to growth-related risks including pressure on its internal systems and controls. The Company’s ability to manage its growth effectively will require the Company to continue to implement and improve its operational and financial systems and to expand, train and manage its employee base. Inability to deal with this growth could have a material adverse impact on its business, operations and prospects. The Company may experience growth in the number of its employees and the scope of its operating and financial systems, resulting in increased responsibilities for its personnel, the hiring of additional personnel and, in general, higher levels of operating expenses. In order to manage its current operations and any future growth effectively, the Company will also need to continue to implement and improve its operational, financial and management information systems and to hire, train, motivate, manage and retain its employees. There can be no assurance that the Company will be able to manage such growth effectively, that its management, personnel or systems will be adequate to support its operations or that the Company will be able to achieve the increased levels of revenue commensurate with the increased levels of operating expenses associated with this growth.

 

If the Company is treated as a passive foreign investment company, United States shareholders may be subject to adverse U.S. federal income tax consequences

 

Under the U.S. Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”), the Company will be classified as a passive foreign investment company (“PFIC”) in respect of any taxable year in which either (i) 75% or more of its gross income consists of certain types of “passive income” or (ii) 50% or more of the average quarterly value of its assets is attributable to “passive assets” (assets that produce or are held for the production of passive income). For purposes of these tests, passive income includes dividends, interest, gains from the sale or exchange of investment property and certain rents and royalties. In addition, for purposes of the above calculations, if the Company directly or indirectly owns at least 25% by value of the shares of another corporation, the Corporation will be treated as if it held its proportionate share of the assets and received directly its proportionate share of the income of such other corporation. PFIC status is a factual determination that needs to be made annually after the close of each taxable year, on the basis of the composition of the Company’s income, the relative value of its active and passive assets, and its market capitalization. For this purpose, the Company’s PFIC status depends in part on the application of complex rules, which may be subject to differing interpretations, relating to the classification of the Company’s income and assets. Based on our interpretation of the law, the Company’s recent financial statements, and considering expectations about the Company’s income, assets and activities, the Company believes that it was a PFIC for the taxable year ended March 31, 2020 and expects that it will be a PFIC for the current taxable year.

 

If the Company is a PFIC for any taxable year during which a United States shareholder holds the Common Shares, the Company will continue to be treated as a PFIC with respect to such United States shareholder in all succeeding years during which the United States shareholder owns the Common Shares, regardless of whether the Company continues to meet the PFIC test described above, unless the United States shareholder makes a specified election once the Company ceases to be a PFIC. If the Company is classified as a PFIC for any taxable year during which a United States shareholder holds the Common Shares, the United States shareholder may be subject to adverse tax consequences regardless of whether the Company continues to qualify as a PFIC, including ineligibility for any preferred tax rates on capital gains or on actual or deemed dividends, interest charges on certain taxes treated as deferred, and additional reporting requirements. In certain circumstances, a United States shareholder may alleviate some of the adverse tax consequences attributable to PFIC status by making either a “qualified electing fund,” (“QEF”) election or a mark-to-market election (if the Common Shares constitute “marketable” securities under the Code). If the Company determines that it is a PFIC for this year or any future taxable year, the Company currently expects that it would provide the information necessary for United States shareholders to make a QEF election.

 

52

 

 

Each United States shareholder should consult its own tax advisors regarding the PFIC rules and the United States federal income tax consequences of the acquisition, ownership and disposition of the Common Shares.

 

The Company’s operations could be adversely affected by events outside of its control, such as natural disasters, wars or health epidemics

 

The Company may be impacted by business interruptions resulting from pandemics and public health emergencies, including those related to COVID-19 coronavirus, geopolitical actions, including war and terrorism or natural disasters including earthquakes, typhoons, floods and fires. An outbreak of infectious disease, a pandemic or a similar public health threat, such as the recent outbreak of the novel coronavirus known as COVID-19, or a fear of any of the foregoing, could adversely impact the Company by causing operating, manufacturing supply chain, clinical trial and project development delays and disruptions, labour shortages, travel and shipping disruption and shutdowns (including as a result of government regulation and prevention measures). It is unknown whether and how the Company may be affected if such an epidemic persists for an extended period of time. The Company may incur expenses or delays relating to such events outside of its control, which could have a material adverse impact on its business, operating results and financial condition.

 

It may be difficult for non-Canadian investors to obtain and enforce judgments against the Company because of the Company’s Canadian incorporation and presence.

 

The Company is a corporation existing under the federal laws of Canada. Most of the Company’s directors and officers, and several of the experts, are residents of Canada, and all or a substantial portion of their assets, and a substantial portion of the Company’s assets, are located outside the United States. Consequently, it may be difficult for holders of the Company’s securities who reside in the United States to effect service of process within the United States upon those directors, officers and experts who are not residents of the United States. It may also be difficult for holders of the Company’s securities who reside in the United States to realize in the United States upon judgments of courts of the United States predicated upon the Company’s civil liability and the civil liability of the Company’s directors, officers and experts under the United States federal securities laws. Investors should not assume that Canadian courts (i) would enforce judgments of United States courts obtained in actions against the Company or such directors, officers or experts predicated upon the civil liability provisions of the United States federal securities laws or the securities or “blue sky” laws of any state or jurisdiction of the United States or (ii) would enforce, in original actions, liabilities against the Company or such directors, officers or experts predicated upon the United States federal securities laws or any securities or “blue sky” laws of any state or jurisdiction of the United States. In addition, the protections afforded by Canadian securities laws may not be available to investors in the United States.

 

The Company may lose foreign private issuer status in the future, which could result in significant additional costs and expenses.

 

The Company may in the future lose foreign private issuer status if a majority of the Common Shares are held in the United States and the Company fails to meet the additional requirements necessary to avoid loss of foreign private issuer status, such as if: (i) a majority of the Company’s directors or executive officers are U.S. citizens or residents; (ii) a majority of the Company’s assets are located in the United States; or (iii) the Company’s business is administered principally in the United States. The regulatory and compliance costs to the Company under U.S. securities laws as a U.S. domestic issuer may be significantly more than the costs incurred as a foreign private issuer.

 

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DIVIDENDS

 

There are no restrictions in the Company’s articles preventing the Company from paying dividends. The Company has not declared or paid any dividends since incorporation. The directors of the Company anticipate that the Company will retain all future earnings and other cash resources for the future operation and development of its business, and accordingly, do not intend to declare or pay any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Payment of any future dividends will be at the discretion of the board of the directors after taking into account many factors including the Company’s operating results, financial condition and current and anticipated cash assets.

 

SHARE CAPITAL

 

Common Shares

 

The authorized share capital of the Company consists of an unlimited number of Common Shares of which 48,500,376 Common Shares are issued and outstanding as fully paid and non-assessable as at the date hereof.

 

Each Common Share carries one vote at all meetings of shareholders, is entitled to receive dividends as and when declared by the directors, and is entitled to a pro-rata share of the remaining property and assets of the Company distributable to the holders of the Common Shares upon any liquidation, dissolution or winding-up of the Company.

 

Convertible Securities

 

In addition, as at the date hereof, there are issued and outstanding the following convertible securities of the Company, details of which are outlined in the table below:

 

Security Number Exercise or
Conversion Price

Expiry Date
(dd/mm/yyyy)

Stock options 4,130,000 $1.00 to $2.88 24/02/2024 to 08/11/2029
Warrants 1,468,000 $1.20 21/12/2023
Warrants 1,953,532 $1.75 17/10/2022
Broker warrants 163,000 $2.00 05/05/2021
Broker warrants 57,500 $1.20 20/12/2020
Broker warrants 209,003 $1.75 17/10/2021
Broker warrants 845,646 $3.10 17/03/2022
Incentive warrants 2,667,083 $2.00 01/01/2022 to 01/03/2021

 

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MARKET FOR SECURITIES

 

Trading Price and Volume

 

The Common Shares are listed on the TSX under the symbol “MDNA”. The following table shows the price ranges and volumes traded on the TSX for the periods noted:

 

Month TSX
High ($) Low ($) Volume (#)
April 2019 $0.85 $0.64 434,380
May 2019 $0.96 $0.66 739,698
June 2019 $2.38 $0.82 2,205,187
July 2019 $1.61 $1.02 936,043
August 2019 $1.43 $1.06 308,067
September 2019 $1.88 $0.94 799,169
October 2019 $1.48 $1.10 785,221
November 2019 $2.05 $1.27 2,702,400
December 2019 $3.87 $1.30 3,524,777
January 2020 $3.78 $2.41 3,596,527
February 2020 $4.86 $2.77 2,365,899
March 2020  $4.12  $2.15 5,105,194

 

Prior Sales

 

The following securities of the Company (other than Common Shares) were issued during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020:

 

Date of Issue Security Number Exercise Price
June 7, 2019 Stock options 200,000 $1.38
October 17, 2019 Warrants 2,653,846 $1.75
October 17, 2019 Broker warrants 350,134 $1.30
November 18, 2019 Stock options 1,030,000 $1.30
March 17, 2020 Broker warrants 456,016 $3.10

 

BOARD OF DIRECTORS AND MANAGEMENT

 

The following are the names and municipalities of residence of each of the directors and officers of the Company, the positions and offices held with the Company, their respective principal occupations within the five preceding years and the number and percentage of Common Shares beneficially held by each of them as of the date hereof. Each director will hold office until the next annual meeting of the Company, unless his or her office is earlier vacated in accordance with the CBCA or the by-laws of the Company.

 

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Name, State/

Province and

Country of

Residence

Positions with

the Company

and, if Director,

Date First

Elected

Principal Occupation(s) for Past 5

Years

Number and

Percentage of

Common Shares

Owned(1)

Fahar

Merchant
Toronto,

Ontario,

Canada

President, Chief

Executive Officer

and Director

October 30,

2011(6)

President and Chief Executive Officer of

Medicenna

5,250,000(5)
(10.82%)

Albert Beraldo
Toronto,

Ontario,

Canada

Director(2)(4)

November 22,

2016(6)

President of Idoman Ltd. (July 2008 to

present)

225,000

(0.09%)

Karen Dawes
Palm Beach

Gardens,

Florida,

United States

Director(2)(4)

September 24,

2019

President, Knowledgeable Decisions,

LLC (2003 to present)

25,000

(0.05%)

Chandrakant

Panchal
Dollard-des-

Ormeaux,

Quebec,

Canada

Director(2)(3)

November 22,

2016(6)

Chairman, CEO and CSO of Axcelon

Biopolymers Corp. (2001 to present)

 

1,500

(0.00%)

Andrew

Strong
Houston,

Texas,
United States

Director(3)(4)

November 22,

2016(6)

Partner, Pillsbury Winthorp Shaw Pittman

LLP (March 2015 to present)

President and CEO of Kalon

Biotherapeutics LLC (June 2011 to

March 2015)

50,000

(0.10%)

Rosemina

Merchant

Toronto,

Ontario,

Canada

Chief

Development

Officer and

Director

April 25, 2016(6)

Chief Development Officer of Medicenna

(October 30, 2011 to present)

5,250,000(5)
(10.82%)

Elizabeth

Williams
Georgetown,

Ontario,

Canada

Chief Financial

Officer,

Corporate Secretary

Chief Financial Officer of Medicenna

(December 2016 to present)

5,300
(0.00%)

 

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Notes:

 

(1)Based on 48,500,376 Common Shares outstanding as of the date hereof.

(2)Member of the Company’s Audit Committee.

(3)Member of the Company’s Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee.

(4)Member of the Company’s Compensation Committee.

(5)In addition, an aggregate of 5,500,000 Common Shares (representing 11.34% of the outstanding Common Shares) are held by Aries Biologics Inc. Fahar Merchant and Rosemina Merchant each own 50% of the voting shares, and are a director and officer, of Aries Biologics Inc.

(6)Represents the date the individual was first appointed as director of MTI. Each such director was appointed as director of the Company effective March 1, 2017 in connection with the completion of the Transaction.

 

Biographies of Executive Officers and Directors

 

Fahar Merchant – Chairman, President and CEO – Dr. Merchant is a biotech veteran with more than 30 years’ experience, a serial entrepreneur and co-founder of Medicenna. Previously he was President and CEO of Protox Therapeutics Inc. (TSXV and TSX; now Sophiris, Nasdaq) where he established a late clinical stage urology company. At Protox Therapeutics Inc. he raised over $70 million through multiple PIPEs, including a $35 million investment by Warburg Pincus. In 1992, he co-founded IntelliGene Expressions, Inc., a biologics CDMO, and built it to one of the fastest growing companies in Canada. In 2000, by strategic in-licensing, he co-founded Avicenna Medica, Inc., a clinical stage oncology company that was sold a year later to KS Biomedix (LSE) for $90 million. Fahar was CTO and Director of KS Biomedix until its acquisition by Xenova (Nasdaq and LSE; now Celtic Pharma). Fahar has closed several transactions valued at over $300 million. He has a PhD in Biochemical Engineering from Western University.

 

Albert Beraldo – Director – Mr. Beraldo, CPA, CA, has over 30 years’ experience in varying roles within the pharmaceutical/biotechnology industry. Mr. Beraldo has been the President of Idoman Limited since July 2008, a company dedicated to improving the lives of women through the manufacture and distribution of innovative, minimally invasive medical solutions. Mr. Beraldo was the founder and President and Chief Executive Officer of Alveda Pharmaceuticals Inc., a leading supplier of pharmaceuticals to the Canadian health care market, from 2006 until November 2015. Alveda was acquired by Teligent, Inc. (formerly IGI Laboratories, Inc., Nasdaq), a New Jersey-based specialty generic pharmaceutical company. Mr. Beraldo formerly served as President and CEO of Bioniche Pharma Group Limited until 2006. Mr. Beraldo sits on the board of Pure Global Cannabis Inc. (TSXV) and has served as an Independent Director of Helix Biopharma Corp. (January 2016 to July 2017) and was an Independent Director of Telesta Therapeutics Inc. (July 2011 to February 2014). Mr. Beraldo worked in public accounting with Ernst and Whinney until he joined Vetrepharm Canada Inc. as Financial Controller in 1983. Mr. Beraldo obtained a Bachelor of Commerce degree from the University of Windsor and a Chartered Accountant designation from the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants.

 

Karen A. Dawes – Director – With 20+ years of commercial and executive management Ms. Dawes has been a key player in the successful development, launch and marketing of products in the Cardiovascular, CNS, Oncology, Metabolic, Infectious Disease and Women’s and Men’s Health areas, including five blockbuster therapeutics. Karen’s industry experience began with 10 years of commercial and executive management at Pfizer, where she gained increasing responsibility in product management, development, and strategy leading to her position as Vice-President, Marketing, Pratt Division. Karen then moved to biotech pioneer Genetics Institute (GI), where, as Chief Commercial Officer, she built the company’s initial commercial operations including strategic and operational marketing, sales, medical affairs, public relations, and market research. When GI was acquired by Wyeth, Karen was appointed by the new parent company as Senior Vice-President, Global Strategic Marketing. Subsequently, Karen moved to Bayer Corporation as Division Head for the company’s U.S. Pharmaceuticals Division. Ms. Dawes is currently President of Knowledgeable Decisions, a biopharmaceutical consulting firm focusing on corporate and commercial strategy. Ms. Dawes also serves as the chairperson of the board of directors of RepliGen (NASDAQ: RGEN) and is a member of the board of directors of Assertio Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: ASRT) and Medicines360. Karen has a combined B.A and M.A from Simmons College and an MBA from Harvard Business School.

 

57

 

 

Chandrakant Panchal – Lead Independent Director – Dr. Panchal is the Founder of Axcelon Biopolymers Corp., a biotechnology company where he is Chairman, CEO and CSO. From 1989 to 1999 he was Co-Founder, President, and CEO of Procyon Biopharma Inc., which he took public on the TSXV in 1998 and later on the TSX in 2000. Thereafter, Dr. Panchal was CSO at Procyon until its merger with Cellpep, Inc (2006). He was then Senior Executive VP of Business Development at the merged entity, Ambrilia Biopharma Inc. During his term at Procyon and Ambrilia, he led several licensing and M&A transactions with pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies relating to cancer and HIV drugs developed by the company. Dr. Panchal sits on the boards of Pure Global Cannabis Inc. (as Chairman) (TSXV:PURE), Canadian Oil Recovery & Remediation Enterprises (TSXV:CVR), Avicanna Inc.(as Lead Director) (TSX:AVCN) and was until recently, a board member of MaRS Innovation and Avivagen (TSXV:VIV). Dr. Panchal obtained a PhD in biochemical engineering from Western University.

 

Andrew Strong – Director - Mr. Strong has been a partner at Pillsbury Winthrop Shaw Pittman since 2015 and leads the Life Sciences Team (Houston, TX). Mr. Strong represents life sciences companies from early stage biotech start-ups to publicly traded and fully integrated pharmaceutical companies. From 2009 to 2011,Mr. Strong served as the General Counsel and Compliance Officer for the Texas A&M University System where he led efforts to secure a multi-billion dollar federal contract to serve as a first line of defense for influenza pandemics and biological threats. As part of that effort, he led the formation of a state-owned biomanufacturing company (Kalon Biotherapeutics) and was subsequently appointed founding CEO of Kalon that would develop and manufacture biologics for clinical and commercial supply for pharmaceutical and biotech companies. In addition to raising capital, Mr. Strong oversaw the successful sale, in 2014, of Kalon to a subsidiary of FUJIFILM Corporation and Mitsubishi Corporation. Mr. Strong has a J.D., Law from South Texas College of Law. Mr. Strong was a Director and Chair of the Compensation Committee for Braemer Hotels & Resorts which is listed on the NYSE from November 2013 to May 2017.

 

Rosemina Merchant – Director and Chief Development Officer – Ms. Merchant has 30 years of experience in the development of biopharmaceuticals. Most recently, Ms. Merchant was Senior VP of Development and Regulatory Affairs at Sophiris and responsible for development of PRX302 for prostate cancer and BPH. She transitioned PRX302, a discovery project to a late stage clinical program in less than 6 years. During that time, she executed multiple clinical trials, managed Canadian and United States regulatory filings and led all CMC related outsourcing activities in the United States and Europe. In 1992, Nina co-founded IntelliGene Expressions, Inc., a biologics CDMO, where she was VP of Manufacturing and Chief Operating Officer. Nina also held a variety of senior level positions at KS Biomedix, Bioniche, GE LifeSciences, Sanofi Pasteur and Alberta Innovates. Her education includes a MESc. in Biochemical Engineering from Western University.

 

Elizabeth Williams – Chief Financial Officer – Ms. Williams, CPA, CA has more than 15 years of experience in biotech, working with publicly listed entities in both Canada and the United States. Ms. Williams has extensive financing experience playing an integral role in raising more than $150 million in financing by way of public offerings, private placements, rights offerings, at-the-market facilities, warrant exercises, corporate reorganizations and debt (issuance and redemption). Prior to joining Medicenna, Ms. Williams was the Vice President of Finance and Administration at Aptose Biosciences Inc. (previously Lorus Therapeutics Inc., TSX and Nasdaq), a biotechnology company (“Aptose”). While at Aptose, Ms. Williams held several positions including acting as the Chief Financial Officer during a lengthy transition period and was responsible for a broad range of activities including financings, financial reporting and regulatory compliance. Prior to joining Aptose, Ms. Williams was an Audit Manager at Ernst & Young LLP with a focus on publicly listed multinational companies. Ms. Williams is a Chartered Professional Accountant and Chartered Accountant and received a Bachelor of Business Administration from Wilfrid Laurier University.

 

58

 

 

Shareholdings of Directors and Executive Officers

 

As at the date hereof, the directors and executive officers of the Company as a group beneficially own, directly or indirectly, or exercise control or direction over 16,306,800 or approximately 33.6% of the number of issued and outstanding Common Shares.

 

CEASE TRADE ORDERS, BANKRUPTCIES, PENALTIES OR SANCTIONS

 

Cease Trade Orders

 

To the knowledge of the Company, no director or executive officer of the Company is, or within the ten years prior to the date hereof has been, a director, chief executive officer, or chief financial officer, of any company (including the Company) that was subject to (a) a cease trade order; (b) an order similar to a cease trade order; or (c) an order that denied the relevant company access to any exemption under securities laws, that was in effect for a period of more than thirty consecutive days, issued while that person was acting in such capacity or issued thereafter but resulted from an event that occurred while that person was acting in such capacity.

 

Bankruptcies

 

To the knowledge of the Company, no director or executive officer or shareholder holding a sufficient number of securities of the Company to affect materially the control of the Company is, or within the ten years prior to the date hereof has been, a director or executive officer of any company (including the Company) that, while that person was acting in such capacity or within a year of that person ceasing to act in such capacity, became bankrupt, made a proposal under any legislation relating to bankruptcy or insolvency or was subject to or instituted any proceedings, arrangement or compromise with creditors or had a receiver, receiver manager or trustee appointed to hold its assets.

 

To the knowledge of the Company, no director or executive officer or shareholder holding a sufficient number of securities of the Company to affect materially the control of the Company has, within the ten years prior to the date hereof, become bankrupt, made a proposal under any legislation relating to bankruptcy or insolvency, or become subject to or instituted any proceedings, arrangement, or compromise with creditors, or had a receiver, receiver manager or trustee appointed to hold that person’s assets.

 

Penalties and Sanctions

 

No director or executive officer of the Company, or a shareholder holding a sufficient number of securities of Medicenna to affect materially the control of the Company has been subject to (a) any penalties or sanctions imposed by a court relating to securities laws or by a securities regulatory authority or has entered into a settlement agreement with a securities regulatory authority; or (b) any other penalties or sanctions imposed by a court or regulatory body that would likely be considered important to a reasonable investor in making an investment decision.

 

59

 

 

All of the above disclosure also applies to any personal holding companies of any of the persons referred to above.

 

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

 

Certain of the Company’s officers and directors are also officers and/or directors of other, or may otherwise be involved with or consulted by, companies engaged in the biotechnology industry and research business generally and may be presented from time to time with situations or opportunities which give rise to apparent conflicts of interest which cannot be resolved by arm’s-length negotiations but only through exercise by the officers and directors of such judgment as is consistent with their fiduciary duties to the Company which arise under applicable corporate law, especially insofar as taking advantage, directly or indirectly, of information or opportunities acquired in their capacities as directors or officers of the Company. Any such conflict is governed by applicable corporate laws, which require that directors act honestly, in good faith and with a view to the best interests of the Company. It is expected that any transactions with officers and directors will be on terms consistent with industry standards and sound business practice in accordance with the fiduciary duties of those persons to the Company, and, depending upon the magnitude of the transactions and the absence of any disinterested board members, may be submitted to the shareholders for their approval.

 

In addition, the CBCA requires officers and directors to disclose any personal interest which they may have in any material contract or transaction which is proposed to be entered into with the Company and, in the case of directors, to abstain from voting as a director for the approval of any such contract or transaction, unless otherwise permitted under the CBCA.

 

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS and regulatory actions

 

There are no existing or contemplated material legal proceedings to which Medicenna or a subsidiary of Medicenna is a party or of which any of their respective property is the subject matter and no such proceedings known to Medicenna is contemplated. Medicenna has not had any material penalties or sanctions imposed against it by any legal or regulatory authorities.

 

INTEREST OF MANAGEMENT AND OTHERS IN MATERIAL TRANSACTIONS

 

Except as otherwise set out herein, there are no material interests, direct or indirect, of any director, executive officer, person who beneficially owns, or controls or directs, directly or indirectly, more than 10% of the outstanding Common Shares, or any known associates or affiliates of such persons, in any transaction within the last three completed financial years or during the current financial year which has materially affected or is reasonably expected to materially affect the Company.

 

TRANSFER AGENT

 

The Company’s registrar and transfer agent is TSX Trust Company, located at 301 – 100 Adelaide St. West, Toronto, Ontario, M5H 4H1.

 

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MATERIAL CONTRACTS

 

The Company is not party to any material contract that was entered into either (1) in the last completed fiscal year, or (2) before the most recently completed fiscal year but that is still in effect as of the date hereof, except for contracts entered into in the ordinary course of business and as set out below:

 

1.the warrant indenture dated October 17, 2019 between the Company and TSX Trust Company regarding the provision for issuance of the unit warrants from the October 2019 public offering;

 

2.the warrant indenture dated December 21, 2018 between the Company and TSX Trust Company regarding the provision for issuance of the unit warrants from the December 2018 public offering;

 

3.the license agreements with Stanford made effective as of August 21, 2015, and subsequent amendments;

 

4.the NIH License Agreement and subsequent amendments; and

 

5.the CPRIT grant agreement made effective as of March 1, 2015, and subsequent extensions.

 

INTEREST OF EXPERTS

 

The Company’s registered public accounting firm is Davidson & Company LLP. Davidson & Company LLP has advised that they are independent with respect to the Company within the meaning of the Rules of Professional Conduct of the Chartered Professional Accountants of Ontario (registered name of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Ontario) and the rules and standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) and the securities laws and regulations administered by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Except as disclosed herein, no person or company whose profession or business gives authority to a report, valuation, statement or opinion made by the person or company and who is named as having prepared or certified the report, valuation, statement or opinion described in or included in this AIF or a filing made under National Instrument 51-102 by the Company, during, or relating to, the Company’s most recently completed financial year holds more than 1% beneficial interest, direct or indirect, in any securities or other property of the Company or of an associate or affiliate of the Company and no such person is expected to be elected, appointed or employed as a director, senior officer or employee of the Company or of an associate or affiliate of the Company.

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

Additional information about us may be found on SEDAR at www.sedar.com. Additional information, including directors’ and officers’ remuneration and indebtedness, principal holders of our securities, options to purchase securities and securities authorized for issuance under equity compensation plans, is contained in our Management Information Circular for our most recent annual meeting of shareholders. Additional information may also be found in our audited financial statements and related management’s discussion and analysis for our most recently completed financial year.

 

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Schedule A
audit committee information

 

a)Audit Committee Charter

 

See Appendix 1 attached hereto.

 

b)Composition of the Audit Committee

 

The Audit Committee of the Company is currently comprised of Mr. Alberto Beraldo (Chairman), Dr. Chandrakant Panchal and Ms. Karen Dawes. All members of the Audit Committee are considered to be independent and financially literate within the meaning of National Instrument 52-110 – Audit Committees (“NI 52-110”).

 

c)Relevant Education and Experience

 

The relevant education and experience of each member of the Audit Committee is provided above, under the heading “Board of Directors and Management”. All of the Audit Committee members are independent of management of the Company as required by the TSX and each member is financially literate in that he or she has the ability to read and understand a set of financial statements that present a breadth and level of complexity of accounting issues that are generally comparable to the breadth and complexity of the issues that can reasonably be expected to be raised by the Company’s financial statements. Each individual has experience managing a company as the President and/or Chief Executive Officer or, in the case of Mr. Beraldo, as both the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer and, in those roles, reviewing financial statements and reports. Mr. Albert Beraldo, Chairman of the Audit Committee, is the Financial Expert of the Committee and is a CPA, CA with many years of experience as the Chief Financial Officer of both private and public companies. In addition to their experience as Executive Officers, each member of the Audit Committee has experience serving on public company boards.

 

d)Audit Committee Oversight

 

At no time since the commencement of the Company’s most recently completed financial period was a recommendation of the Audit Committee to nominate or compensate an external auditor not adopted by the board of directors.

 

e)Reliance on Certain Exemptions

 

At no time since the commencement of the Company’s most recently completed financial period has the Company relied on the following exemptions under NI 52-110: section 2.4 (De Minimis Non-Audit Services), section 3.2 (Initial Plublic Offerings), section 3.4 (Events Outside Control of Member), section 3.5 (Death, Incapacity or Resignation of Audit Committee Member), or an exemption from NI-52-110 in whole or in part, granted under Part 8 (Exemptions) thereof.

 

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f)Pre-Approval Policies and Procedures

 

The Audit Committee has adopted specific policies and procedures for the engagement of non-audit services, as described in the Audit Committee Charter attached hereto as Appendix 1 to this Schedule A.

 

g)External Auditor Service Fees

 

Year
Ending
Audit
Fees
audit
related
fees
tax fees all
other
fees
Total
fees
March 31, 2020 $49,627 $14,122 $5,750 Nil $69,499
March 31, 2019 $48,805 $5,000 $20,950 Nil $74,755
March 31, 2018 $49,725 NIL NIL Nil $49,725

 

“Audit Fees” refers to the aggregate fees billed by the Company’s external auditors for audit services including interim reviews. “Audit Related Fees” refers to aggregate fees billed for assurance and related services by the Company’s external auditors that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of the Company’s financial statements and not reported under Audit Fees, including the provision of comfort letters and consents, the consultation concerning financial accounting and reporting of specific issues and the review of documents filed with regulatory authorities. “Tax Fees” includes fees for professional services rendered by the Company’s external auditors for tax compliance, tax advice and tax planning. “All Other Fees” includes all fees billed by the Company’s external auditors for services not covered in the other three categories.

 

63

 

 

Appendix 1
AUDIT COMMITTEE CHARTER

 

 

 

1.PURPOSE

 

The primary function of the audit committee (the “Committee”) is to assist the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. (the “Company”) in fulfilling its oversight of, and recommend appropriate actions with respect to (i) the integrity of the Company’s financial statements, accounting and financial reporting processes, system of internal controls over financial reporting and audit process, (ii) the Company’s compliance with, and process for monitoring compliance with, legal and regulatory requirements so far as they relate to matters of financial reporting, (iii) the independent auditor’s qualifications, independence and performance and (iv) the design, implementation and performance of the Company’s internal audit function.

 

The members of the Committee are not full-time employees of the Company and may or may not be accountants or auditors by profession or experts in the fields of accounting or auditing and, in any event, do not serve in such capacity. Consequently, it is not the duty of the Committee to conduct audits or to determine that the Company’s financial statements and disclosures are complete and accurate and are in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and applicable laws, rules and regulations. These are the responsibilities of management and the external auditors.

 

2.Composition

 

(a)            At Least Three Members. The Committee shall be comprised of a minimum of three directors as determined by the Board upon the recommendation of the Corporate Governance and Nomination Committee. All of the members of the Committee shall be “independent” as determined by the Board in compliance with applicable securities laws and applicable rules and guidelines of any stock exchange on which the securities of the Company are listed and any other laws applicable to the Company, including National Instrument 52-110 – Audit Committees.

 

All members of the Committee shall also be “financially literate”, meaning the ability to read and understand a set of financial statements that present a breadth and level of complexity of accounting issues that are generally comparable to the breadth and complexity of the issues that can reasonably be expected to be raised by the Company’s financial statements. At least one member of the Committee shall be a “financial expert”, as such term is defined by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, and have, as determined by the Board, financial sophistication (including past employment experience in finance or accounting, requisite professional certification in accounting, or any other comparable experience or background which results in the individual’s financial sophistication, including being or having a been a chief executive officer, chief financial officer or other senior officer with financial oversight responsibilities).

 

64

 

 

The Board shall designate a Committee member as the Chairperson of the Committee, or if the Board does not do so, the Committee members shall appoint a Committee member as Chairperson by a majority vote of the full Committee membership.

 

(b)            Appointment and Removal. The Board shall appoint Committee members and designate the Committee’s “financial expert(s)” at the first meeting of the Board following each Annual General Meeting upon the recommendation of the Corporate Governance and Nomination Committee. Such members shall meet the independence, experience and expertise requirements under applicable securities law and the applicable rules and guidelines of any stock exchange on which the securities of the Company are listed and applicable policies of the Board. Members of the Committee shall serve for one year terms and until their successors are appointed. The Board may fill vacancies on the Committee by a majority vote of the authorized numbers of directors, but may remove Committee members only with the approval of a majority of the other independent directors then serving on the full Board.

 

3.Meetings, Reports and Resources of the Audit Committee

 

(a)            Meetings. In discharging its responsibilities, the Committee shall meet as often as it determines necessary or advisable, but not less frequently than quarterly. The Committee may also hold special meetings or act by unanimous written consent as the Committee may decide. The meetings may be in person or telephone. The Committee shall keep written minutes of its meetings and shall deliver a copy of such minutes to the Board and to the corporate secretary of the Company for inclusion in the Company’s minute books, and reports of Committee meetings will be presented at the next regularly scheduled Board meeting. The Committee may meet in separate executive sessions with other directors, the CEO and other Company employees, agents or representatives invited by the Committee. At least annually, the Committee will also meet separately with the independent auditors and/or the held of internal audit (or, if applicable, internal audit service providers), without management present.

 

(b)            Procedures. The Committee may establish its own procedures, including the formation and delegation of authority to subcommittees, in a manner not inconsistent with this charter, the articles, applicable securities laws, or the applicable rules and guidelines of any stock exchange on which the securities of the Company are listed. The Chairperson or majority of the Committee members may call meetings of the Committee. A majority of the authorized number of Committee members shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of Committee business, and the vote of a majority of the Committee members present at the meeting at which a quorum is present shall be the act of the Committee. The Committee shall review and reassess at least annually the adequacy of this charter and recommend to the Board for approval any proposed changes, including any changes necessary to comply with applicable securities laws and applicable rules and guidelines of any stock exchange on which the securities of the Company are listed and any other laws applicable.

 

(c)            Resources. The Committee shall have the authority, in its sole discretion, to (i) engage independent counsel and other advisors as it determines necessary to carry out its duties, (ii) set and pay the compensation for any advisors employed by the Committee, and (iii) communicate directly with the internal and external auditors. The Company shall provide funding, as determined appropriate by the Committee and in the Committee’s sole authority, for payment of compensation to any registered public accounting firm engagement for the purpose of preparing or issuing an audit report or performing other audit, review or attest services for the Company; compensation to any advisers employed by the Committee, as it determines necessary to carry out its duties; and ordinary administrative expenses of the Committee that are necessary or appropriate in carrying out the Committee’s duties.

 

65

 

 

4.Authority and Responsibilities

 

In furtherance of its purpose, the Committee shall have the following authority and responsibilities:

 

(a)be directly responsible for appointing and recommending to the Board and the shareholders: (i) the external auditor for the purpose of preparing or issuing an auditor’s report or performing other audit, review or attest services for the Company; and (ii) the compensation of the external auditor;

 

(b)be directly responsible for retaining and overseeing the work of the external auditor engaged for the purpose of preparing or issuing an auditor’s report or performing other audit, review or attest services for the Company, including the resolution of disagreements between management and the external auditor regarding financial reporting, with the external auditor reporting directly to the Committee;

 

(c)pre-approve all non-audit services to be provided to the Company or its subsidiary entities by the Company’s external auditor in accordance with the pre-approval process noted below;

 

(d)review the accounting principles and practices to be applied and followed by the Company during the fiscal year and any significant changes from those applied and followed during the previous year;

 

(e)review the adequacy of the systems of internal accounting and audit policies, practices and controls established by the Company, and discuss with the auditor the results of its reviews and reports;

 

(f)review all litigation and claims involving or against the Company which could materially adversely affect its financial position and which the auditor or any officer of the Company may refer to the Committee;

 

(g)ensure that the auditor submits on a periodic basis to the Committee, and review and discusses at least annually with the auditor, a formal written statement delineating all relationships between the auditor and the Company, consistent with applicable auditor independence standards, and to review such statement and to actively engage in a dialogue with the auditor with respect to any disclosed or undisclosed relationships or services that may impact on the objectivity and independence of the auditor, and to review the statement and the dialogue with the Board and recommend to the Board appropriate action to ensure the independence of the auditor;

 

(h)obtain written confirmation from the independent auditor that it is objective within the meaning of the Rules of Professional Conduct/Code of Ethics adopted by the provincial institute or order of Chartered Accountants to which it belongs and is an independent public accountant within the meaning of the Independence Standards of the Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants and as required by applicable law or standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (the “PCAOB”), or any successor body;

 

(i)meet with the auditor at least once per quarter without management present to allow a candid discussion regarding any concerns the auditor may have and to resolve any disagreements between the auditor and management regarding the Company’s financial reporting;

 

66

 

 

(j)review the annual consolidated financial statements of the Company and the notes thereto following the examination thereof by the auditor and prior to their approval by the Board and report to the Board thereon;

 

(k)review and approve the quarterly financial statements, notes thereto and quarterly management discussion and analysis (MD&A) and related press releases of the Company prior to their release;

 

(l)review the annual MD&A, and other public disclosure documents and related press releases, including any prospectus prior to their approval by the directors.

 

(m)be satisfied that adequate procedures are in place for the review of the Company’s public disclosure of financial information extracted or derived from the Company’s financial statements and must periodically assess the adequacy of those procedures;

 

(n)establish procedures for (i) the receipt, retention and treatment of complaints received by the Company regarding accounting, internal accounting controls, or auditing matters; and (ii) the confidential, anonymous submission by employees of the Company of concerns regarding questionable accounting or auditing matters;

 

(o)approve the Whistleblower Policy and review and assess the adequacy of the policy on an annual basis, or more often if deemed appropriate;

 

(p)discuss with management and the external auditor any other matters required to be communicated to the Committee by the external auditor under applicable standards of the PCAOB or applicable law or listing standards;

 

(q)review and approve the Company’s hiring policies regarding partners, employees and former partners and employees of the present and former external auditor of the Company;

 

(r)review, approve and oversee any related-party transactions (as defined in applicable securities laws and stock exchange rules and guidelines);

 

(s)review the adequacy of insurance policies maintained by the Company;

 

(t)approve the Corporate Disclosure and Trading Policy and review and assess the adequacy of the policy on an annual basis, or more often if deemed appropriate; and

 

(u)consider any other matter which in its judgment should be taken into account in reaching its recommendation to the Board concerning the approval of the financial statements.

 

5.Pre-Approval of Non-Audit Services

 

The Committee satisfies the pre-approval requirement of item 4(c) of its Responsibilities if:

 

(a)the aggregate amount of all the non-audit services that were not pre-approved is reasonably expected to constitute no more than five per cent of the total amount of fees paid by the Company and its subsidiary entities to the Company’s external auditor during the fiscal year in which the services are provided;

 

67

 

 

(b)the Company or the subsidiary entity of the Company, as the case may be, did not recognize the services as non-audit services at the time of the engagement; and

 

(c)the services are promptly brought to the attention of the Committee of the Company and approved, prior to the completion of the audit, by the Committee or by one or more of its members to whom authority to grant such approvals has been delegated by the Committee.

 

The Committee may delegate to one or more members the authority to pre-approve non-audit services in satisfaction of the requirement of item 4.(c) of its Responsibilities. The pre-approval of non-audit services by any member to whom authority has been delegated pursuant hereto must be presented to the Committee at its first scheduled meeting following such pre-approval.

 

The Committee satisfies the pre-approval requirement of item 4.(c) of its Responsibilities if it adopts specific policies and procedures for the engagement of the non-audit services, if: (i) the pre-approval policies and procedures are detailed as to the particular service; (ii) the Committee is informed of each non-audit service; and (iii) the procedures do not include delegation of the Committee’s responsibilities to management.

 

68

 

Exhibit 99.2

 

 

Consolidated financial statements of

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

 

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

For the years ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

 

 

 

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

 

To the Shareholders and Directors of 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp

 

Opinion on the Consolidated Financial Statements

 

We have audited the accompanying consolidated financial statements of Medicenna Therapeutics Corp (the “Company”), which comprise the consolidated statements of financial position as of March 31, 2020 and 2019, the consolidated statements of operations, cash flows and changes in shareholders’ equity for the years ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 and the related notes, comprising a summary of significant accounting policies and other explanatory information (collectively referred to as the consolidated financial statements).

 

In our opinion, these consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Company as at March 31, 2020 and 2019 and its financial performance and its cash flows for the years ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board.

 

Basis for Opinion

 

A - Management’s Responsibility for the consolidated Financial Statements

 

Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of these consolidated financial statements in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board, and for such internal control as management determines is necessary to enable the preparation of consolidated financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error.

 

B - Auditors’ Responsibility

 

Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with Canadian generally accepted auditing standards and the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the consolidated financial statements are free from material misstatement, whether due to error or fraud. Those standards also require that we comply with ethical requirements, including independence. We are required to be independent with respect to the Company in accordance with the ethical requirements that are relevant to our audit of the consolidated financial statements in Canada, the U.S. federal securities laws and the applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission and the PCAOB. We are a public accounting firm registered with the PCAOB.

 

An audit includes performing procedures to assess the risks of material misstatements of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to error or fraud, and performing procedures to respond to those risks. Such procedures included obtaining and examining, on a test basis, audit evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. The procedures selected depend on our judgment, including the assessment of the risks of material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements, whether due to fraud or error. In making those risk assessments, we consider internal control relevant to the Company’s preparation and fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control. The Company is not required to have, nor were we engaged to perform, an audit of its internal control over financial reporting. Accordingly, we express no such opinion.

 

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An audit also includes evaluating the appropriateness of accounting policies and principles used and the reasonableness of accounting estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall presentation of the consolidated financial statements.

 

We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained in our audits is sufficient and appropriate to provide a reasonable basis for our audit opinion.

 

We have served as the Company’s auditor since 2015.

 

Vancouver, Canada Chartered Professional Accountants

 

May 13, 2020

 

2

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Financial Position

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

as at

   March 31, 2020   March 31, 2019 
   $   $ 
Assets          
Current assets          
Cash and cash equivalents   22,697,654    2,370,976 
Marketable securities   15,002,548    - 
Prepaids and deposits   93,752    258,423 
Government grant receivable (Note 11)   -    2,444,285 
Other receivables   58,295    32,539 
    37,852,249    5,106,223 
Intangible assets (Note 12)   76,259    81,205 
Right-of-use assets (Note 4)   67,760    - 
    37,996,268    5,187,428 
Liabilities          
Current liabilities          
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (Note 7)   1,779,883    2,396,439 
Current portion of lease liability (Note 4)   35,344    - 
    1,815,227    2,396,439 
License fee payable (Note 12)   -    174,432 
Lease liability (Note 4)   31,969    - 
    1,847,196    2,570,871 
Shareholders' Equity          
Common shares (Note 8)   56,577,414    16,615,648 
Contributed surplus (Notes 9 and 10)   10,389,926    8,633,395 
Accumulated other comprehensive income   248,452    157,165 
Deficit   (31,066,720)   (22,789,651)
    36,149,072    2,616,557 
    37,996,268    5,187,428 

 

Nature of business (Note 1)    
Subsequent events (Note 16)    
     
     
Approved by the Board    
     
/s/ Albert Beraldo   Director
     
/s/ Chandra Panchal   Director

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

   Year ended   Year ended 
   March 31,   March 31, 
   2020   2019 
   $   $ 
Operating expenses          
General and administration (Note 15)   2,375,211    1,709,286 
Research and development (Note 15)   5,869,588    3,017,997 
Total operating expenses   8,244,799    4,727,283 
Finance income   (6,727)   (102)
Foreign exchange (gain) loss   38,997    (19,150)
    32,270    (19,252)
Net loss for the year   (8,277,069)   (4,708,031)
Cummulative translation adjustment   91,287    6,256 
Comprehensive loss for the year   (8,185,782)   (4,701,775)
Basic and diluted loss per share for the year   (0.26)   (0.18)
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding (Note 8(b))   31,899,640    25,674,027 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

   Year ended   Year ended 
   March 31,   March 31, 
   2020   2019 
   $   $ 
Operating activities          
Net loss for the year   (8,277,069)   (4,708,031)
Items not involving cash          
Depreciation   7,892    6,818 
Stock based compensation   1,124,977    998,619 
R&D warrant expense   -    710,574 
Government grant expense recoveries   (1,076,538)   (5,646,227)
Unrealized foreign exchange   61,526    (82,419)
Accrued interest   (2,548)   - 
Changes in non-cash working capital          
Other receivables and deposits   138,915    56,862 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   (931,556)   626,799 
    (8,954,401)   (8,037,005)
Investing activities          
Purchase of marketable securities   (15,000,000)   - 
Long term license fee payable   -    (354,458)
    (15,000,000)   (354,458)
Financing activities          
Repayment of lease liabilities   (3,393)   - 
Government grant received (Note 11)   3,539,465    3,242,073 
Issuance of share capital, net of issuance costs (Note 8(a))   38,375,045    3,579,910 
Warrant and option exercises (Note 9)   2,372,820    - 
    44,283,937    6,821,983 
Effect of foreign exchange on cash   (2,857)   31,722 
Net increase (decrease) in cash   20,326,678    (1,567,758)
Cash, beginning of year   2,370,976    3,938,734 
Cash, end of year   22,697,654    2,370,976 
           
Other non-cash transactions          
Broker warrants issued  $561,406   $91,000 
Warrants issued  $705,218   $1,042,861 
Share issuance costs accrued through          
accounts payable and accrued liabilities  $257,141   $102,596 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

5

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders' Equity

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

   Common shares issued and   Contributed   Accumulated other   Deficit   Total 
   outstanding   Surplus   comprehensive       shareholders' 
               income       equity 
   Number   Amount                 
       $   $   $   $   $ 
Balance, March 31, 2018   24,578,137    14,302,195    5,790,341    150,909    (18,081,620)   2,161,825 
Stock based compensation   -    -    998,619    -    -    998,619 
Research and development warrant amortization   -    -    710,574    -    -    710,574 
Issued on December 2018 financing (Notes 8, 9)   4,000,000    2,313,453    1,133,861    -    -    3,447,314 
Net loss and comprehensive loss   -    -    -    6,256    (4,708,031)   (4,701,775)
Balance, March 31, 2019   28,578,137    16,615,648    8,633,395    157,165    (22,789,651)   2,616,557 
Stock based compensation   -    -    1,124,977    -    -    1,124,977 
Warrant and option exercises   1,623,675    3,007,890    (635,070)   -    -    2,372,820 
Issued on October 2019 financing  (Notes 8, 9)   5,307,693    5,319,361    810,608    -    -    6,129,969 
Issued on March 2020 financing (Notes 8, 9)   11,290,323    31,634,515    456,016    -    -    32,090,531 
Net loss and comprehensive loss   -    -    -    91,287    (8,277,069)   (8,185,782)
Balance, March 31, 2020   46,799,828    56,577,414    10,389,926    248,452    (31,066,720)   36,149,072 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

 

6

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

1.Nature of business

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. (“Medicenna” or the "Company") was incorporated as A2 Acquisition Corp. (“A2”) under the Alberta Business Corporations Act on February 2, 2015 and was classified as a Capital Pool Corporation ("CPC") as defined in Policy 2.4 of the TSX Venture Exchange Inc. (the "Exchange") Corporate Finance Manual. On March 1, 2017, the Company completed a qualifying transaction with Medicenna Therapeutics Inc. (“MTI.”) and the name of the Company was changed to Medicenna Therapeutics Corp. (the “Transaction”). MTI has been identified for accounting purposes as the acquirer, and accordingly the entity is considered to be a continuation of MTI and the net assets of A2 at the date of the Transaction are deemed to have been acquired by MTI. These consolidated financial statements include the results of operations of Medicenna from March 1, 2017. On August 2, 2017 Medicenna graduated to the main board of the Toronto Stock Exchange. On November 13, 2017, Medicenna continued under the Canadian Business Corporations Act.

 

Medicenna has three wholly owned subsidiaries, Medicenna Therapeutics Inc. (“MTI”) (British Columbia), Medicenna Biopharma Inc. (“MBI”) (Delaware) and Medicenna Biopharma Inc. (“MBIBC”). (British Columbia).

 

The Company's principal business activity is the development and commercialization of Empowered CytokinesÔ and SuperkinesÔ for the treatment of cancer.

 

As at March 31, 2020, the head and registered office is located at 2 Bloor St W, 7th Floor, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

 

2.Significant accounting policies

 

a)Basis of Measurement and statement of compliance

 

These consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”) and the Interpretations of the International Financial Reporting and Interpretations Committee (“IFRIC”).

 

The consolidated financial statements have been prepared on a historical cost basis except for certain financial assets measured at fair value. In addition, these consolidated financial statements have been prepared using the accrual basis of accounting, except for cash flow information.

 

The consolidated financial statements were approved by the Company’s Board of Directors and authorized for issue on May 14, 2020.

 

b)Principles of Consolidation

 

These consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned Subsidiaries MTI, MBI and MBIBC (British Columbia, Inactive). Subsidiaries are fully consolidated from the date at which control is determined to have occurred and are deconsolidated from the date that the Company no longer controls the entity. The financial statements of the subsidiaries are prepared for the same reporting period as the Company using consistent accounting policies. Intercompany transactions, balances, and gains and losses on transactions between subsidiaries are eliminated.

 

c)Foreign currency

 

The functional currency of an entity is the currency of the primary economic environment in which the entity operates. The functional currency of the Company, MTI and MBIBC is the Canadian dollar. The functional currency of MBI is the US dollar. The functional currency determinations were conducted through an analysis of the consideration factors identified in IAS 21 – The Effects of Changes in Foreign Exchange Rates.

 

7

 

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

2.Significant accounting policies cont’d

 

d)Foreign currency

 

Transactions in foreign currencies are translated to the functional currency at the rate on the date of the transactions. Monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies are retranslated at the spot rate of exchange as at the reporting date. All differences are taken to profit or loss. Non-monetary items that are measured in terms of historical cost in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rate as at the date of the initial transaction. Non-monetary items measured at fair value in a foreign currency are translated using the exchange rate at the date when the fair value was determined.

 

On translation of the entities whose functional currency is other than the Canadian dollar, revenues and expense are translated at the exchange rates approximating those in effect on the date of the transactions. Assets and liabilities are translated at the spot rate of exchange as at the reporting date. Exchange gains and losses, including results of retranslation, are recorded in other comprehensive income.

 

e)Cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities

 

Cash and cash equivalents

 

Cash equivalents include guaranteed investment certificates (March 31, 2020 - $20,004,153, March 31, 2019 - $nil) with a maturity of 90 days or less. The Company has classified its cash and cash equivalents at fair value through profit or loss.

 

Marketable securities

 

Marketable securities consist of guaranteed investment certificates with a maturity of greater than 90 days and less than one year. The Company has classified its marketable securities at fair value through profit or loss.

 

f)Research and development costs

 

Expenditures on research and development activities, undertaken with the prospect of gaining new scientific or technical knowledge and understanding, are recognized in profit or loss as incurred. Investment tax credits related to current expenditures are included in the determination of net income as the expenditures are incurred when there is reasonable assurance they will be realized.

 

Development activities involve a plan or design for the production of new or substantially improved products and processes. Development expenditures are capitalized only if development costs can be measured reliably, the product or process is technically and commercially feasible, future economic benefits are probable, and the Company intends to and has sufficient resources to complete development and to use or sell the asset. These criteria will be deemed by the Company to have been met when revenue is received by the Company and a determination that it has sufficient resources to market and sell its product offerings. Upon a determination that the criteria to capitalize development expenditures have been met, the expenditures capitalized will include the cost of materials, direct labour and overhead costs that are directly attributable to preparing the asset for its intended use. Other development expenditures will be expensed as incurred.

 

Capitalized development expenditures will be measured at cost less accumulated amortization and accumulated impairment losses. No development costs have been capitalized to date.

 

g)Government assistance

 

Government grants, including grants from similar bodies, consisting of investment tax credits are recorded as a reduction of the related expense or cost of the asset acquired. Government grants are recognized when there is reasonable assurance that the Company has met the requirements of the approved grant program and there is reasonable assurance that the grant will be received.

 

Research grants that compensate the Company for expenses incurred are recognized in profit, or loss in reduction thereof on a systematic basis in the same years in which the expenses are recognized.

 

6

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

2.Significant accounting policies cont’d

 

Grants that compensate the Company for the cost of an asset are recognized in profit or loss on a systematic basis over the useful life of the asset.

 

h)Intangible assets

 

The Company owns certain patents, intellectual property licenses and options to acquire intellectual property. The Company expenses patent costs, including license fees and other maintenance costs, until such time as the Company has certainty over the future recoverability of the intellectual property at which time it capitalizes the costs incurred. The Company capitalizes costs directly related to the acquisition of existing license patents.

 

The Company does not hold any intangible asset with an indefinite life.

 

Intangible assets with finite lives are amortized over the useful economic life and assessed for impairment whenever there is an indication that the intangible asset may be impaired. The amortization method and amortization period of an intangible asset with a finite life is reviewed at least annually. Changes in the expected useful life or the expected pattern of consumption of future economic benefits embodied in the asset is accounted for by changing the amortization period or method, as appropriate, and are treated as changes in accounting estimates. The amortization expense on intangible assets with finite lives is recognized in general and administrative expenses.

 

Amortization is recognized in profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful lives of intangible assets from the date they are available for use to August 31, 2035.

 

i)Income taxes

 

Current tax and deferred tax are recognized in the Company’s profit and loss, except to the extent that it relates to a business combination or items recognized directly in equity or in net loss and comprehensive loss.

 

Current income taxes are recognized for the estimated taxes payable or receivable on taxable income or loss for the current year and any adjustment to income taxes payable in respect of previous years. Current income taxes are determined using tax rates and tax laws that have been enacted or substantively enacted by the period end date.

 

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized where the carrying amount of an asset or liability differs from its tax base, except for taxable temporary differences arising on the initial recognition of goodwill and temporary differences arising on the initial recognition of an asset or liability in a transaction which is not a business combination and at the time of the transaction affects neither accounting nor taxable profit or loss.

 

Recognition of deferred tax assets for unused tax losses, tax credits and deductible temporary differences is restricted to those instances where it is probable that future taxable profit will be available against which the deferred tax assets can be utilized. At the end of each reporting period, the Company reassesses unrecognized deferred tax assets. The Company recognizes a previously unrecognized deferred tax asset to the extent that it has been probable that future taxable profit will allow the deferred tax asset to be recovered.

 

j)Basic and diluted loss per common share

 

Basic loss per share is computed by dividing the loss available to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the year. The computation of diluted earnings per share assumes the conversion, exercise or contingent issuance of securities only when such conversion, exercise or issuance would have a dilutive effect on earnings per share. The dilutive effect of convertible securities is reflected in diluted earnings per share by application of the “if converted” method. The dilutive effect of outstanding options and warrants and their equivalents is reflected in diluted earnings per share. Since the Company has losses, the exercise of outstanding options and warrants has not been included in this calculation as it would be anti-dilutive.

 

7

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

2.Significant accounting policies cont’d

 

k)Equipment

 

The Company’s fixed assets comprise of computer equipment for use in general and administrative and research activities.

 

Depreciation is recognized using the straight-line method based on an expected life of the assets

 

   
Computer equipment 2 years
Right-of-use-assets Over the lease term
   

 

Impairment of long-lived assets:

 

The Company’s long-lived assets are reviewed for indications of impairment at the date of preparing each statement of financial position. If indication of impairment exists, the asset’s recoverable amount is estimated.

 

An impairment loss is recognized when the carrying value of an asset, or its cash-generating unit, exceeds its recoverable amount. A cash-generating unit is the smallest identifiable group of assets that generates cash inflows that are largely independent of cash inflows from other assets or groups of assets. For the purpose of impairment testing, the Company determined it has one cash-generating unit. The recoverable amount is the greater of the asset’s fair value less cost to sell and value in use.

 

l)Stock-based compensation

 

The Company has a stock-based compensation plan (the "Plan") available to officers, directors, employees and consultants with grants under the Plan approved by the Company's Board of Directors. Under the Plan, the exercise price of each option equals the closing trading price of the Company's stock on the day prior to the grant or a higher price as determined by the Board of Directors. Vesting is provided for at the discretion of the Board of Directors and the expiration of options is to be not greater than 10 years from the date of grant. The Company uses the fair value-based method of accounting for employee awards granted under the Plan. The Company calculates the fair value of each stock option grant using the Black Scholes option pricing model at the grant date. The stock-based compensation cost of the options is recognized as stock-based compensation expense over the relevant vesting period of the stock options using an estimate of the number of options that will eventually vest.

 

Stock options awarded to non-employees are accounted for at the fair value of the goods received or the services rendered. The fair value is measured at the date the Company obtains the goods or the date the counterparty renders the service. If the fair value of the goods or services cannot be reliably measured, the fair value of the options granted will be used.

 

m)Share Capital

 

Common shares are classified as equity. Incremental costs directly attributable to the issue of common shares are recognized as a reduction of equity.

 

The Corporation has adopted a relative fair value method with respect to the measurement of shares and warrants issued as private placement units. The relative fair value method allocates value to each component on a pro-rata basis, based on the fair value of the components calculated independently of one another. The Company measures the fair value of the warrant component of the unit using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. The unit value is then allocated, pro-rata, between the two components, with the fair value attributed to the warrants being recorded to contributed surplus.

 

8

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

2.Significant accounting policies cont’d

 

n)Financial Instruments

 

Financial assets and liabilities are recognized when the Company becomes a party to the contractual provisions of the instrument. Financial assets are derecognized when the rights to receive cash flows from the assets have expired or have been transferred and the Company has transferred substantially all risks and rewards of ownership.

 

Financial assets and liabilities are offset and the net amount is reported in the consolidated statement of financial position when there is a legally enforceable right to offset the recognized amounts and there is an intention to settle on a net basis, or realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

 

The Company recognizes financial instruments based on their classification. Depending on the financial instruments’ classification, changes in subsequent measurements are recognized in net loss and comprehensive loss.

 

The Company has implemented the following classifications:

 

·Cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities are classified at fair value through profit or loss.

 

·Government grant receivable and amounts receivable are classified as amortized cost. After their initial fair value measurement, they are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method; and

 

·Accounts payable and accrued liabilities are classified as other amortized cost. After their initial fair value measurement, they are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method.

 

Impairment of financial assets

 

The Company applies the simplified method of the expected credit loss model required under IFRS 9. Under this method, the Company estimates a lifetime expected loss allowance for all receivables. Receivables are written off when there is no reasonable expectation of recovery.

 

If there is objective evidence that an impairment loss has been incurred, the amount of the loss is measured as the difference between the asset’s carrying amount and the present value of estimated future cash flows. The present value of the estimated future cash flows is discounted at the financial asset’s original effective interest rate.

 

o)Employee benefits

 

Short-term employee benefit obligations are measured on an undiscounted basis and are expensed as the related service is provided. A liability is recognized for the amount expected to be paid in short-term cash bonuses if the Company expects to pay these amounts as approved by the Board of Directors as a result of past services provided by the employee and the obligation can be estimated reliably.

 

p)Provisions

 

A provision is recognized if, as a result of a past event, the Company has a present legal or constructive obligation that can be estimated reliably, and it is probable that an outflow of economic benefits will be required to settle the obligation. Provisions are assessed by discounting the expected future cash flows at a pre-tax rate that reflects current market assessments of the time value of money

 

9

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

 

2.Significant accounting policies cont’d

 

and the risks specific to the liability. The unwinding of the discount on provisions is recognized in finance costs. A provision for onerous contracts is recognized when the unavoidable costs of meeting the obligations under the contract exceed the economic benefits expected to be received under it. The provision is measured at the present value of the lower of the expected cost of terminating the contract and the expected net cost of continuing with the contract.

 

3.Key sources of estimation uncertainty

 

The preparation of consolidated financial statements requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Estimates and underlying assumptions are reviewed on an ongoing basis. Revisions to accounting estimates are accounted for prospectively.

 

The key sources of estimation uncertainty that have a significant risk of causing material adjustment to the carrying amounts of assets and liabilities are discussed below:

 

Deferred taxes

 

The determination of deferred income tax assets or liabilities requires subjective assumptions regarding future income tax rates and the likelihood of utilizing tax carry-forwards. Changes in these assumptions could materially affect the recorded amounts, and therefore do not necessarily provide certainty as to their recorded values.

 

Valuation of stock-based compensation and warrants

 

Management measures the costs for stock-based compensation and warrants using market-based option valuation techniques. Assumptions are made and estimates are used in applying the valuation techniques. These include estimating the future volatility of the share price, expected dividend yield, expected risk-free interest rate, future employee turnover rates, future exercise behaviours and corporate performance. Such estimates and assumptions are inherently uncertain. Changes in these assumptions affect the fair value estimates of stock-based compensation and warrants.

 

Intangible assets

 

The Company estimates the useful lives of intangible assets from the date they are available for use in the manner intended by management and periodically reviews the useful lives to reflect management’s intent about developing and commercializing the assets.

 

Functional currency

 

Management considers the determination of the functional currency of the Company a significant judgment. Management has used its judgment to determine the functional currency that most faithfully represents the economic effects of the underlying transactions, events and conditions and considered various factors including the currency of historical and future expenditures and the currency in which funds from financing activities are generated. A Company’s functional currency is only changed when there is a material change in the underlying transactions, events and conditions.

 

4.Accounting standards

 

The following IFRS pronouncement has been adopted during fiscal 2020:

 

The Company has adopted new accounting standard IFRS 16 - Leases, effective for the Company’s annual period beginning April 1, 2019.

 

IFRS 16 sets out the principles for the recognition, measurement, presentation and disclosure of leases and requires lessees to account for all leases under a single on-balance sheet model, with certain exemptions. The standard includes two recognition exemptions for lessees – leases of “low-value” assets and short-term leases with a lease term of 12 months or less. At the commencement date of a lease, a lessee will recognize a liability to make lease payments and an asset representing the right to use the underlying asset during the lease term. Lessees will be required to separately recognize the interest expense on the lease liability and the depreciation expense on the right-of-use asset. Lessees are also required to remeasure the lease liability upon the occurrence of certain events such as a change in lease term. The lessee will generally recognize the amount of the remeasurement of the lease liability as an adjustment to the right-of-use asset.

 

10

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

4.Accounting standards cont’d

 

At the time of adoption, the Company did not have any leases which fell under IFRS 16 as all leases had a term of twelve months or less.

 

In March 2020, the Company entered into an office lease with a term of two years for which it has applied IFRS16.

 

The Company recognized a right-of-use asset based on the amount equal to the lease liability, adjusted for any related prepaid and accrued lease payments previously recognized. The lease liability was recognized based on the present value of remaining lease payments, discounted using the incremental borrowing rate at the date of initial application. The lease payments include fixed payments less any lease incentives receivable, variable lease payments that depend on an index or rate, and amounts expected to be paid under residual value guarantees. The variable lease payments that do not depend on an index or a rate are recognized as expense in the period as incurred.

 

The carrying amounts of the Company’s right-of-use assets and lease liabilities and movements during 2020 were as follows:

 

   Right of Use Asset   Lease Liability 
   $   $ 
Balance March 31, 2019   -    - 
Additions   70,706    70,706 
Depreciation   (2,946)   - 
Lease payments   -    (3,455)
Lease interest   -    62 
Balance, March 31, 2020   67,760    67,313 
           
Classification:          
Current portion of lease liabilities   -    35,344 
Long-term portion of lease liabilities   -    31,969 
    -    67,313 

 

5.Capital disclosures

 

The Company’s objectives, when managing capital, are to safeguard cash and cash equivalents as well as maintain financial liquidity and flexibility in order to preserve its ability to meet financial obligations and deploy capital to grow its businesses.

 

The Company’s financial strategy is designed to maintain a flexible capital structure consistent with the objectives stated above and to respond to business growth opportunities and changes in economic conditions. In order to maintain or adjust its capital structure, the Company may issue shares or issue debt (secured, unsecured, convertible and/or other types of available debt instruments).

 

There were no changes to the Company’s capital management policy during the year. The Company is not subject to any externally imposed capital requirements.

 

11

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

6.Financial risk management

 

(a)Fair value

 

The Company’s financial instruments recognized on the consolidated statements of financial position consist of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, government grant receivable, other receivables, and accounts payable and accrued liabilities. The fair value of these instruments, approximate their carrying values due to their short-term maturity.

 

Classification of financial instruments

 

Financial instruments measured at fair value on the statement of financial position are summarized into the following fair value hierarchy levels:

 

Level 1: quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

 

Level 2: inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability

 

Level 3: inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (unobservable inputs).

 

The Company classifies its financial assets and liabilities depending on the purpose for which the financial instruments were acquired, their characteristics, and management intent as outlined below:

 

Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities are measured using Level 1 inputs and changes in fair value are recognized through profit or loss, with changes in fair value being recorded in net earnings at each period end.

 

Other receivables and government grant receivable are measured at amortized cost less impairments.

 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities, deferred government grants and license fee payable are measured at amortized cost.

 

The Company has exposure to the following risks from its use of financial instruments: credit, interest rate, currency and liquidity risk. The Company reviews its risk management framework on a quarterly basis and makes adjustments as necessary.

 

(b)Credit risk

 

Credit risk arises from the potential that a counterparty will fail to perform its obligations. The financial instruments that are exposed to concentrations of credit risk consist of cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities.

 

The Company manages credit risk associated with its cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities by maintaining minimum standards of R1-med or A-high investments and the Company invests only in highly rated Canadian corporations which are capable of prompt liquidation.

 

(c)Interest rate risk

 

Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair values and future cash flows of the Company will fluctuate because of changes in market interest rates. The Company believes that its exposure to interest rate risk is not significant.

 

(d)Liquidity risk

 

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Company will not be able to meet its financial obligations as they fall due. The Company currently settles all of its financial obligations out of cash and cash equivalents. The ability to do so relies on the Company maintaining sufficient cash in excess of anticipated needs. As at March 31, 2020, the Company’s liabilities consist of accounts payable and accrued liabilities that have contracted maturities of less than one year.

 

12

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

6.Financial risk management cont’d

 

(e)Currency risk

 

Currency risk is the risk that future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in foreign exchange rates. The Company is exposed to currency risk from employee costs as well as the purchase of goods and services primarily in the United States and cash and cash equivalent balances held in foreign currencies. Fluctuations in the US dollar exchange rate could have a significant impact on the Company’s results. Assuming all other variables remain constant, a 10% depreciation or appreciation of the Canadian dollar against the US dollar would result in an increase or decrease in loss and comprehensive loss for the year ended March 31, 2020 of $108,423 (March 31, 2019 - $69,305).

 

Balances in US dollars are as follows:

 

   March 31, 2020   March 31, 2019 
   $   $ 
Cash and cash equivalents   134,835    118,440 
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities   (899,992)   (1,430,518)
Deferred government grant receivable (note 11)   -    1,831,337 
    (765,157)   519,259 

 

7.Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

 

   March 31, 2020   March 31, 2019 
   $   $ 
 Trade payables   456,241    802,025 
 Accrued liabilities   1,323,642    1,594,414 
    1,779,883    2,396,439 

 

8.Share capital

 

Authorized

 

Unlimited common shares

 

a)Equity Issuances

 

Year ended March 31, 2020

 

On March 17, 2020, the Company completed a public offering raising total gross proceeds of $35,000,001. The Company issued 11,290,323 common shares at $3.10 per share. The Company paid commission to the agents totaling $2,450,000, share issuance costs of $459,470 and issued 790,323 warrants to the agents exercisable into one common share of the Company at an exercise price of $3.10 for a period of twenty-four months. The fair value of the warrants issued was determined to be $456,016.

 

On October 17, 2019, the Company completed a public offering raising total gross proceeds of $6,900,000. The Company issued 5,307,693 units at $1.30, consisting of 1 common share and ½ common share purchase warrant. Each whole warrant is exercisable at $1.75 until October 17, 2022. The Company paid commission to the agents totaling $455,175, share issuance costs of $314,856 and issued 350,134 warrants to the agents exercisable into one common share of the Company at an exercise price of $1.30 for a period of twenty-four months. The fair value of the warrants issued was determined to be $105,390. The Company has allocated the net proceeds of the offering to the common shares and the common share purchase warrants based on their estimated relative fair values. Based on relative fair values, $5,319,361 of the net proceeds were allocated to the common shares and $705,218 to the common share purchase warrants.

 

13

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

 

8.Share capital cont’d

 

Year ended March 31, 2019

 

On December 21, 2018, the Company closed a short-form prospectus offering of 4,000,000 units for gross proceeds of $4,000,000. Each unit consisted of one common share of the Company and one-half common share purchase warrant of the Company. Each full warrant entitles the holder to purchase one common share, for five years after the closing of the offering, at an exercise price of $1.20 per common share. The Company issued 4,000,000 common shares, 2,000,000 warrants and 280,000 broker warrants in connection with this transaction.

 

The total costs associated with the transaction were approximately $643,686, including the $91,000 which represented the fair value of the brokers' services provided as part of the offering and compensated by warrants. Each such broker warrant is exercisable for one common share at a price of $1.20 per share for a period of 24 months following the closing of the Offering. The Company has allocated the net proceeds of the offering to the common shares and the common share purchase warrants based on their estimated relative fair values. Based on relative fair values, $2,313,453 of the net proceeds were allocated to the common shares and $1,042,861 to the common share purchase warrants.

 

b)Calculation of loss per share

 

Loss per common share is calculated using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. For the years ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 the calculation was as follows:

 

   2020   2019 
Common shares issued and outstanding, beginning of year   28,578,137    24,578,137 
Effect of warrants and options exercised   482,319    - 
Shares issued in December 2018 financing   -    1,095,890 
Shares issued in October 2019 financing   2,407,314    - 
Shares issued in March 2020 financing   431,870    - 
Weighted average shares outstanding, end of year   31,899,640    25,674,027 
Common shares issued and outstanding, end of year   46,799,828    28,578,137 

 

The effect of any potential exercise of the Company's stock options and warrants outstanding during the period has been excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per common share as it would be anti-dilutive.

 

9.Warrants

 

Year ended March 31, 2020

 

As part of the public offering closed on March 17, 2020, 790,323 broker warrants were issued, exercisable at $3.10 per share at any time up to March 17, 2022 and with a fair value of $456,016.

 

As part of the public offering closed on October 17, 2019, 2,653,846 warrants and 350,134 broker warrants were issued, exercisable at $1.75 and $1.30 per share respectively at any time up to October 17, 2022 and 2021 with a fair value of $705,218 and $105,390 respectively.

 

14

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars)

 

 

9.Warrants cont’d

 

Year ended March 31, 2019

 

As part of the short-form prospectus offering closed on December 21, 2018, 2,000,000 warrants and 280,000 broker warrants were issued, exercisable at $1.20 per share at any time up to December 21, 2023 and with a fair value of $1,042,861 and $91,000 respectively.

 

Warrant continuity:

 

   Number of
Warrants
   Weighted average
exercise price
 
Balance outstanding at March 31, 2018   3,074,042   $2.00 
Warrants expired during the year   (208,959)   2.00 
Common share purchase warrants issued in the Dec. 2018 financing   2,000,000    1.20 
Broker warrants issued in the Dec. 2018 financing   280,000    1.20 
Balance outstanding at March 31, 2019   5,145,083   $1.65 
Common share purchase warrants issued in the October 2019 financing   2,653,846    1.75 
Broker warrants issued in the financing October 2019 financing   350,134    1.30 
Broker warrants issued in the March 2020 financing   790,323    3.10 
Warrants exercised during the year   (1,623,675)   1.46 
Warrants outstanding at March 31, 2020   7,315,711   $1.86 

 

The following warrants were exercised during the year ended March 31, 2020:

 

Number of
Warrants
   Exercise
Price
  

 

Proceeds

   Expiry Date
    $   $    
 695,544    1.75    1,217,202   October 17, 2022
 138,631    1.30    180,220   October 17, 2021
 35,000    2.00    70,000   April 5, 2021
 222,500    1.20    267,000   December 21, 2020
 532,000    1.20    638,400   December 21, 2023
 1,623,675         2,372,822    

 

The fair values of warrants are estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The following assumptions were used to determine the fair value of warrants issued in the following years:

 

   March 31, 2020   March 31, 2019 
Risk free interest rate   1.5%   3.0%
Expected life of options   1-1.5 years     2.0-2.5 years  
Expected volatility   70-78%    85%
Expected dividend yield   -    - 
Weighted average fair value of options granted during the year  $0.33   $0.37 

 

15

 

 

Medicenna Therapeutics Corp.

Notes to the consolidated financial statements

For the Years Ended March 31, 2020 and 2019

(Expressed in Canadian Dollars) 

 

 

9.Warrants cont’d

 

At March 31, 2020, warrants were outstanding and exercisable, enabling holders to acquire common shares as follows:

 

Number of
Warrants
   Exercise
Price
   Expiry Date
    $    
 57,500    1.20   December 21, 2020
 1,379,083    2.00   January 1, 2021
 1,288,000    2.00   March 1, 2021
 163,000    2.00   April 5, 2021
 211,503    1.30   October 17, 2021
 790,323    3.10   March 17, 2022
 1,958,302    1.75   October 17, 2022
 1,468,000    1.20   December 21, 2023
 7,315,711